Abstract

The performance of a continuous chemical laser is discussed. Fluorine atoms are produced in a SF<sub>6</sub> + He mixture by means of a microwave-discharge apparatus that operates in a continuous mode. A maximum output power of 4 W is obtained for a 5 cm length of amplifying medium; this power output is primarily due to <i>P</i> transitions from the 1-0 and 2-1 bands. Weak transitions in the 3-2 band are also observed. The maximum value of measured gain is 0.11 cm<sup>-1</sup>; good agreement is obtained between theoretical and experimental values of gain.

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  1. R. R. Stephens and T. A. Cool, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 42, 1489 (1971).
  2. J. A. Glaze and G. J. Linford, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 44, 600 (1973).
  3. J. J. Hinchen, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 1818 (1974).
  4. J. M. Gagné, S. Q. Mah, and Y. Conturie, Appl. Opt. 13, 2835 (1974).
  5. S. W. Mayer, M. A. Kwok, R.W.F. Gross, and D. J. Spencer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 516 (1970).
  6. M. S. Dzhidzhoev, V. T. Platonenko, and R. V. Khokhlov, Usp. Fiz. Nauk 100, 641 (1970) [Sov. Phys. -Usp. 13, 247 (1970)].
  7. N. G. Basov, V. I. Igoshin, E. P. Markin, and A. N. Oraevskii, Kvantovaya Electron. (2), 3 (1971) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 1, 119 (1971)].
  8. Y. S. Liu, Appl. Opt. 13, 2505 (1974).
  9. R. G. Bosisio, C. F. Weissfloch, and M. R. Wertheimer, J. Microwave Power 7, 325 (1972) and for example: R. M. Bevensee, Electromagnetic Slow-wave Structure Systems (Wiley, New York, 1964) and H. E. Thomas, Handbook of Microwave Techniques and Equipment (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1972).
  10. D. I. Rosen, R. N. Sileo, and T. A. Cool, IEEE J. QE-9, 1 (1973).
  11. T. F. Deutsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 11, 18 (1967).
  12. C. J. Ultee, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 42, 1174 (1971).
  13. Minoru Obara and Tomoo Fujioka, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 656 (1974).
  14. R. C. Jones, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 653 (1973).
  15. A. N. Chester and L. D. Hess, IEEE J. QE-8, 1 (1972).
  16. D. Mann, B. A. Thrush, D. R. Lide, J. J. Ball, and N. Acquista, J. Chem. Phys. 57, 420 (1961).
  17. T. A. Cool, R. R. Stephens, and J. A. Shirley, J. Appl. Phys. 41, 4038 (1970).
  18. R. A. Chodzko, D. J. Spencer, and H. Mirels, IEEE J. QE-9, 550 (1973).

Acquista, N.

D. Mann, B. A. Thrush, D. R. Lide, J. J. Ball, and N. Acquista, J. Chem. Phys. 57, 420 (1961).

Ball, J. J.

D. Mann, B. A. Thrush, D. R. Lide, J. J. Ball, and N. Acquista, J. Chem. Phys. 57, 420 (1961).

Basov, N. G.

N. G. Basov, V. I. Igoshin, E. P. Markin, and A. N. Oraevskii, Kvantovaya Electron. (2), 3 (1971) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 1, 119 (1971)].

Bosisio, R. G.

R. G. Bosisio, C. F. Weissfloch, and M. R. Wertheimer, J. Microwave Power 7, 325 (1972) and for example: R. M. Bevensee, Electromagnetic Slow-wave Structure Systems (Wiley, New York, 1964) and H. E. Thomas, Handbook of Microwave Techniques and Equipment (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1972).

Chester, A. N.

A. N. Chester and L. D. Hess, IEEE J. QE-8, 1 (1972).

Chodzko, R. A.

R. A. Chodzko, D. J. Spencer, and H. Mirels, IEEE J. QE-9, 550 (1973).

Conturie, Y.

J. M. Gagné, S. Q. Mah, and Y. Conturie, Appl. Opt. 13, 2835 (1974).

Cool, T. A.

R. R. Stephens and T. A. Cool, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 42, 1489 (1971).

D. I. Rosen, R. N. Sileo, and T. A. Cool, IEEE J. QE-9, 1 (1973).

T. A. Cool, R. R. Stephens, and J. A. Shirley, J. Appl. Phys. 41, 4038 (1970).

Deutsch, T. F.

T. F. Deutsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 11, 18 (1967).

Dzhidzhoev, M. S.

M. S. Dzhidzhoev, V. T. Platonenko, and R. V. Khokhlov, Usp. Fiz. Nauk 100, 641 (1970) [Sov. Phys. -Usp. 13, 247 (1970)].

Fujioka, Tomoo

Minoru Obara and Tomoo Fujioka, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 656 (1974).

Gagné, J. M.

J. M. Gagné, S. Q. Mah, and Y. Conturie, Appl. Opt. 13, 2835 (1974).

Glaze, J. A.

J. A. Glaze and G. J. Linford, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 44, 600 (1973).

Gross, R. W. F.

S. W. Mayer, M. A. Kwok, R.W.F. Gross, and D. J. Spencer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 516 (1970).

Hess, L. D.

A. N. Chester and L. D. Hess, IEEE J. QE-8, 1 (1972).

Hinchen, J. J.

J. J. Hinchen, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 1818 (1974).

Igoshin, V. I.

N. G. Basov, V. I. Igoshin, E. P. Markin, and A. N. Oraevskii, Kvantovaya Electron. (2), 3 (1971) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 1, 119 (1971)].

Jones, R. C.

R. C. Jones, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 653 (1973).

Khokhlov, R. V.

M. S. Dzhidzhoev, V. T. Platonenko, and R. V. Khokhlov, Usp. Fiz. Nauk 100, 641 (1970) [Sov. Phys. -Usp. 13, 247 (1970)].

Kwok, M. A.

S. W. Mayer, M. A. Kwok, R.W.F. Gross, and D. J. Spencer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 516 (1970).

Lide, D. R.

D. Mann, B. A. Thrush, D. R. Lide, J. J. Ball, and N. Acquista, J. Chem. Phys. 57, 420 (1961).

Linford, G. J.

J. A. Glaze and G. J. Linford, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 44, 600 (1973).

Liu, Y. S.

Y. S. Liu, Appl. Opt. 13, 2505 (1974).

Mah, S. Q.

J. M. Gagné, S. Q. Mah, and Y. Conturie, Appl. Opt. 13, 2835 (1974).

Mann, D.

D. Mann, B. A. Thrush, D. R. Lide, J. J. Ball, and N. Acquista, J. Chem. Phys. 57, 420 (1961).

Markin, E. P.

N. G. Basov, V. I. Igoshin, E. P. Markin, and A. N. Oraevskii, Kvantovaya Electron. (2), 3 (1971) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 1, 119 (1971)].

Mayer, S. W.

S. W. Mayer, M. A. Kwok, R.W.F. Gross, and D. J. Spencer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 516 (1970).

Mirels, H.

R. A. Chodzko, D. J. Spencer, and H. Mirels, IEEE J. QE-9, 550 (1973).

Obara, Minoru

Minoru Obara and Tomoo Fujioka, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 656 (1974).

Oraevskii, A. N.

N. G. Basov, V. I. Igoshin, E. P. Markin, and A. N. Oraevskii, Kvantovaya Electron. (2), 3 (1971) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 1, 119 (1971)].

Platonenko, V. T.

M. S. Dzhidzhoev, V. T. Platonenko, and R. V. Khokhlov, Usp. Fiz. Nauk 100, 641 (1970) [Sov. Phys. -Usp. 13, 247 (1970)].

Rosen, D. I.

D. I. Rosen, R. N. Sileo, and T. A. Cool, IEEE J. QE-9, 1 (1973).

Shirley, J. A.

T. A. Cool, R. R. Stephens, and J. A. Shirley, J. Appl. Phys. 41, 4038 (1970).

Sileo, R. N.

D. I. Rosen, R. N. Sileo, and T. A. Cool, IEEE J. QE-9, 1 (1973).

Spencer, D. J.

R. A. Chodzko, D. J. Spencer, and H. Mirels, IEEE J. QE-9, 550 (1973).

S. W. Mayer, M. A. Kwok, R.W.F. Gross, and D. J. Spencer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 516 (1970).

Stephens, R. R.

T. A. Cool, R. R. Stephens, and J. A. Shirley, J. Appl. Phys. 41, 4038 (1970).

R. R. Stephens and T. A. Cool, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 42, 1489 (1971).

Thrush, B. A.

D. Mann, B. A. Thrush, D. R. Lide, J. J. Ball, and N. Acquista, J. Chem. Phys. 57, 420 (1961).

Ultee, C. J.

C. J. Ultee, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 42, 1174 (1971).

Weissfloch, C. F.

R. G. Bosisio, C. F. Weissfloch, and M. R. Wertheimer, J. Microwave Power 7, 325 (1972) and for example: R. M. Bevensee, Electromagnetic Slow-wave Structure Systems (Wiley, New York, 1964) and H. E. Thomas, Handbook of Microwave Techniques and Equipment (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1972).

Wertheimer, M. R.

R. G. Bosisio, C. F. Weissfloch, and M. R. Wertheimer, J. Microwave Power 7, 325 (1972) and for example: R. M. Bevensee, Electromagnetic Slow-wave Structure Systems (Wiley, New York, 1964) and H. E. Thomas, Handbook of Microwave Techniques and Equipment (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1972).

Other (18)

R. R. Stephens and T. A. Cool, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 42, 1489 (1971).

J. A. Glaze and G. J. Linford, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 44, 600 (1973).

J. J. Hinchen, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 1818 (1974).

J. M. Gagné, S. Q. Mah, and Y. Conturie, Appl. Opt. 13, 2835 (1974).

S. W. Mayer, M. A. Kwok, R.W.F. Gross, and D. J. Spencer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 516 (1970).

M. S. Dzhidzhoev, V. T. Platonenko, and R. V. Khokhlov, Usp. Fiz. Nauk 100, 641 (1970) [Sov. Phys. -Usp. 13, 247 (1970)].

N. G. Basov, V. I. Igoshin, E. P. Markin, and A. N. Oraevskii, Kvantovaya Electron. (2), 3 (1971) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 1, 119 (1971)].

Y. S. Liu, Appl. Opt. 13, 2505 (1974).

R. G. Bosisio, C. F. Weissfloch, and M. R. Wertheimer, J. Microwave Power 7, 325 (1972) and for example: R. M. Bevensee, Electromagnetic Slow-wave Structure Systems (Wiley, New York, 1964) and H. E. Thomas, Handbook of Microwave Techniques and Equipment (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1972).

D. I. Rosen, R. N. Sileo, and T. A. Cool, IEEE J. QE-9, 1 (1973).

T. F. Deutsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 11, 18 (1967).

C. J. Ultee, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 42, 1174 (1971).

Minoru Obara and Tomoo Fujioka, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 656 (1974).

R. C. Jones, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 653 (1973).

A. N. Chester and L. D. Hess, IEEE J. QE-8, 1 (1972).

D. Mann, B. A. Thrush, D. R. Lide, J. J. Ball, and N. Acquista, J. Chem. Phys. 57, 420 (1961).

T. A. Cool, R. R. Stephens, and J. A. Shirley, J. Appl. Phys. 41, 4038 (1970).

R. A. Chodzko, D. J. Spencer, and H. Mirels, IEEE J. QE-9, 550 (1973).

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