Abstract

A scattering theory is presented, which is capable of predicting the light-distribution pattern that arises when a clad optical fiber of arbitrary core refractive-index distribution is illuminated by a laser beam perpendicular to its axis. Theoretical predictions are compared to experimental results in the backscattering direction, with excellent agreement for fibers of practical interest having core and cladding diameters on the order to 50 and 150 µm, respectively. Considerable sensitivity to parameter variations has been observed and implications for diameter and refractive-index distribution determinations are discussed.

© 1975 Optical Society of America

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. M. Kerker, The Scattering of Light and Other Electromagnetic Radiation, (Academic, New York, 1969), Ch. 6.
  2. M. Koedam, Phill. Tech. Rev. 27, 208 (1966).
  3. F. P. Gagliano, R. M. Lumley, and L. S. Watkins, Proc. IEEE 57, 114 (1969).
  4. S. R. Seshadri, Can. J. Phys. 42, 860 (1964).
  5. A. R. Jones and E. R. Wooding, Electron Lett. 1, 171 (1965).
  6. H. M. Presby, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 280 (1974).
  7. L. S. Watkins, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 767 (1974).
  8. H. C. van de Hulst, Light Scattering by Small Particles (Wiley, New York, 1957).
  9. M. Kerker and E. Matijevic, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 51, 506 (1961).
  10. W. A. Farone and M. Kerker, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 481 (1966).
  11. J. L. Lundberg, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 29, 565 (1969).
  12. W. B. Gandrud and M. J. Saunders, private communication, 29 December 1972.
  13. H. M. Presby, Appl. Phys. Lett. 24, 422 (1974).
  14. H. M. Presby and D. Marcuse, Appl. Opt. 13, 2882 (1974).
  15. R. Burman, IEEE Trans. AP-13, 646 (1965).
  16. J. Feinstein, J. Geophys. Res. 56, 37 (1951).
  17. S. E. Miller, E. A. J. Marcatili, and Tingye Li, Proc. IEEE 61, 1703 (1973).
  18. D. Gloge and E. A. J. Marcatili, Bell Syst. Tech. J., 52, 1563 (1973).
  19. J. B. MacChesney, P. B. O'Connor, and H. M. Presby, Proc. IEEE 62, 1278 (1974).
  20. G. W. Tasker and W. G. French, Proc. IEEE 62, 1281 (1974).
  21. J. A. Stratton, Electromagnetic Theory (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1941).
  22. Handbook of Mathematical Functions, edited by M. Abramowitz and I. A. Stegun, Natl. Bur. Std. (U.S.) Appl. Math. Ser. (U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C., 1964; Dover, New York, 1965).
  23. D. Marcuse, Appl. Opt. 13, 1903 (1974).
  24. C. A. Burrus and R. D. Standley, Appl. Opt. 13, 2365 (1974).
  25. D. Marcuse and H. M. Presby, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 54, 1 (1975).

Burman, R.

R. Burman, IEEE Trans. AP-13, 646 (1965).

Burrus, C. A.

C. A. Burrus and R. D. Standley, Appl. Opt. 13, 2365 (1974).

Farone, W. A.

W. A. Farone and M. Kerker, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 481 (1966).

Feinstein, J.

J. Feinstein, J. Geophys. Res. 56, 37 (1951).

French, W. G.

G. W. Tasker and W. G. French, Proc. IEEE 62, 1281 (1974).

Gagliano, F. P.

F. P. Gagliano, R. M. Lumley, and L. S. Watkins, Proc. IEEE 57, 114 (1969).

Gandrud, W. B.

W. B. Gandrud and M. J. Saunders, private communication, 29 December 1972.

Gloge, D.

D. Gloge and E. A. J. Marcatili, Bell Syst. Tech. J., 52, 1563 (1973).

Jones, A. R.

A. R. Jones and E. R. Wooding, Electron Lett. 1, 171 (1965).

Kerker, M.

M. Kerker, The Scattering of Light and Other Electromagnetic Radiation, (Academic, New York, 1969), Ch. 6.

M. Kerker and E. Matijevic, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 51, 506 (1961).

W. A. Farone and M. Kerker, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 481 (1966).

Koedam, M.

M. Koedam, Phill. Tech. Rev. 27, 208 (1966).

Li, Tingye

S. E. Miller, E. A. J. Marcatili, and Tingye Li, Proc. IEEE 61, 1703 (1973).

Lumley, R. M.

F. P. Gagliano, R. M. Lumley, and L. S. Watkins, Proc. IEEE 57, 114 (1969).

Lundberg, J. L.

J. L. Lundberg, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 29, 565 (1969).

MacChesney, J. B.

J. B. MacChesney, P. B. O'Connor, and H. M. Presby, Proc. IEEE 62, 1278 (1974).

Marcatili, E. A. J.

S. E. Miller, E. A. J. Marcatili, and Tingye Li, Proc. IEEE 61, 1703 (1973).

D. Gloge and E. A. J. Marcatili, Bell Syst. Tech. J., 52, 1563 (1973).

Marcuse, D.

D. Marcuse and H. M. Presby, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 54, 1 (1975).

H. M. Presby and D. Marcuse, Appl. Opt. 13, 2882 (1974).

D. Marcuse, Appl. Opt. 13, 1903 (1974).

Matijevic, E.

M. Kerker and E. Matijevic, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 51, 506 (1961).

Miller, S. E.

S. E. Miller, E. A. J. Marcatili, and Tingye Li, Proc. IEEE 61, 1703 (1973).

O’Connor, P. B.

J. B. MacChesney, P. B. O'Connor, and H. M. Presby, Proc. IEEE 62, 1278 (1974).

Presby, H. M.

J. B. MacChesney, P. B. O'Connor, and H. M. Presby, Proc. IEEE 62, 1278 (1974).

H. M. Presby, Appl. Phys. Lett. 24, 422 (1974).

H. M. Presby, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 280 (1974).

H. M. Presby and D. Marcuse, Appl. Opt. 13, 2882 (1974).

D. Marcuse and H. M. Presby, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 54, 1 (1975).

Saunders, M. J.

W. B. Gandrud and M. J. Saunders, private communication, 29 December 1972.

Seshadri, S. R.

S. R. Seshadri, Can. J. Phys. 42, 860 (1964).

Standley, R. D.

C. A. Burrus and R. D. Standley, Appl. Opt. 13, 2365 (1974).

Stratton, J. A.

J. A. Stratton, Electromagnetic Theory (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1941).

Tasker, G. W.

G. W. Tasker and W. G. French, Proc. IEEE 62, 1281 (1974).

van de Hulst, H. C.

H. C. van de Hulst, Light Scattering by Small Particles (Wiley, New York, 1957).

Watkins, L. S.

L. S. Watkins, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 767 (1974).

F. P. Gagliano, R. M. Lumley, and L. S. Watkins, Proc. IEEE 57, 114 (1969).

Wooding, E. R.

A. R. Jones and E. R. Wooding, Electron Lett. 1, 171 (1965).

Other (25)

M. Kerker, The Scattering of Light and Other Electromagnetic Radiation, (Academic, New York, 1969), Ch. 6.

M. Koedam, Phill. Tech. Rev. 27, 208 (1966).

F. P. Gagliano, R. M. Lumley, and L. S. Watkins, Proc. IEEE 57, 114 (1969).

S. R. Seshadri, Can. J. Phys. 42, 860 (1964).

A. R. Jones and E. R. Wooding, Electron Lett. 1, 171 (1965).

H. M. Presby, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 280 (1974).

L. S. Watkins, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 767 (1974).

H. C. van de Hulst, Light Scattering by Small Particles (Wiley, New York, 1957).

M. Kerker and E. Matijevic, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 51, 506 (1961).

W. A. Farone and M. Kerker, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 481 (1966).

J. L. Lundberg, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 29, 565 (1969).

W. B. Gandrud and M. J. Saunders, private communication, 29 December 1972.

H. M. Presby, Appl. Phys. Lett. 24, 422 (1974).

H. M. Presby and D. Marcuse, Appl. Opt. 13, 2882 (1974).

R. Burman, IEEE Trans. AP-13, 646 (1965).

J. Feinstein, J. Geophys. Res. 56, 37 (1951).

S. E. Miller, E. A. J. Marcatili, and Tingye Li, Proc. IEEE 61, 1703 (1973).

D. Gloge and E. A. J. Marcatili, Bell Syst. Tech. J., 52, 1563 (1973).

J. B. MacChesney, P. B. O'Connor, and H. M. Presby, Proc. IEEE 62, 1278 (1974).

G. W. Tasker and W. G. French, Proc. IEEE 62, 1281 (1974).

J. A. Stratton, Electromagnetic Theory (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1941).

Handbook of Mathematical Functions, edited by M. Abramowitz and I. A. Stegun, Natl. Bur. Std. (U.S.) Appl. Math. Ser. (U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C., 1964; Dover, New York, 1965).

D. Marcuse, Appl. Opt. 13, 1903 (1974).

C. A. Burrus and R. D. Standley, Appl. Opt. 13, 2365 (1974).

D. Marcuse and H. M. Presby, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 54, 1 (1975).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.