Abstract

Pair comparisons were used to assess the perceptual uniformity of the Munsell value (V) and chroma (C) scales near 5Y 7.5/1 for both small (0.25–0.75) and larger (1–2) increments in V and C. We conclude that in this region perceptual linearity is retained down to steps of 0.25 V or C. Bisection experiments showed that around 10R 7/8 perceptual linearity in Munsell hue (H), V, and C was retained down to step sizes of 0.25 H, 0.10 V, and 0.25 C.

© 1975 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. Munsell Color, Macbeth Color and Photometry Div. Kollmorgen Corp., Baltimore, Md. 21218.
  2. S. M. Newhall, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 30, 617 (1940).
    [Crossref]
  3. S. M. Newhall, D. Nickerson, and D. B. Judd, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 33, 385 (1943).
    [Crossref]
  4. D. Nickerson, in Color Metrics, edited by J. J. Vos, L. F. C. Friele, and P. L. Walraven (International Colour Association [AIC], Soesterberg, Holland, 1972), pp. 119–121.
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    [Crossref]
  6. D. B. Judd, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 23, 35 (1933).
    [Crossref]
  7. D. B. Judd, in Ref. 4, pp. 121–122.
  8. L. F. C. Friele, J. Materials 6, 755 (1971).
  9. L. F. C. Friele, in Ref. 4, pp. 315–325.
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    [Crossref]
  11. J. P. Guilford, Psychometric Methods (McGraw–Hill, New York, 1954).
  12. W. S. Torgerson, Theory and Methods of Scaling (Wiley, New York, 1958).
  13. D. B. Judd, Color Eng. 8, (2) 36 (1970).
  14. Samples prepared for the Munsell Color Foundation and made available to The Rensselaer Color Measurement Laboratory by W. C. Granville, Granville Color Service, Libertyville, Ill. 60048.
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. G. Wyszecki and G. H. Fielder, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 1501 (1971).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

1971 (3)

1970 (1)

D. B. Judd, Color Eng. 8, (2) 36 (1970).

1960 (1)

1956 (1)

H. Guliksen, Psychometrika 21, 125 (1956).
[Crossref]

1951 (1)

F. Mosteller, Psychometrika 16, 207 (1951).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1950 (1)

1943 (1)

1940 (1)

1933 (2)

1927 (1)

L. L. Thurstone, Am. J. Psychol. 38, 368 (1927); Psychol. Rev. 34, 273 (1927).
[Crossref]

Bentley, G. P.

G. P. Bentley, in Coloring of Plastics V, the Proceedings of a Regional Technical Conference of the Society of Plastics Engineers, Inc., Cleveland, Ohio, 26January1971, pp. 13–33.

Fielder, G. H.

Friele, L. F. C.

L. F. C. Friele, J. Materials 6, 755 (1971).

L. F. C. Friele, in Ref. 4, pp. 315–325.

Godlove, I. H.

Granville, W. C.

Samples prepared for the Munsell Color Foundation and made available to The Rensselaer Color Measurement Laboratory by W. C. Granville, Granville Color Service, Libertyville, Ill. 60048.

Guilford, J. P.

J. P. Guilford, Psychometric Methods (McGraw–Hill, New York, 1954).

Guliksen, H.

H. Guliksen, Psychometrika 21, 125 (1956).
[Crossref]

Judd, D. B.

MacAdam, D. L.

Menard, J. P.

Mosteller, F.

F. Mosteller, Psychometrika 16, 207 (1951).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Munsell, A. E. O.

Newhall, S. M.

Nickerson, D.

S. M. Newhall, D. Nickerson, and D. B. Judd, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 33, 385 (1943).
[Crossref]

D. Nickerson, in Color Metrics, edited by J. J. Vos, L. F. C. Friele, and P. L. Walraven (International Colour Association [AIC], Soesterberg, Holland, 1972), pp. 119–121.

Rheinboldt, W. C.

Sloan, L. L.

Thurstone, L. L.

L. L. Thurstone, Am. J. Psychol. 38, 368 (1927); Psychol. Rev. 34, 273 (1927).
[Crossref]

Torgerson, W. S.

W. S. Torgerson, Theory and Methods of Scaling (Wiley, New York, 1958).

Wyszecki, G.

Am. J. Psychol. (1)

L. L. Thurstone, Am. J. Psychol. 38, 368 (1927); Psychol. Rev. 34, 273 (1927).
[Crossref]

Color Eng. (1)

D. B. Judd, Color Eng. 8, (2) 36 (1970).

J. Materials (1)

L. F. C. Friele, J. Materials 6, 755 (1971).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (8)

Psychometrika (2)

H. Guliksen, Psychometrika 21, 125 (1956).
[Crossref]

F. Mosteller, Psychometrika 16, 207 (1951).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (9)

Samples prepared for the Munsell Color Foundation and made available to The Rensselaer Color Measurement Laboratory by W. C. Granville, Granville Color Service, Libertyville, Ill. 60048.

Macbeth Color and Photometry Div., Kollmorgen Corp., Newburgh, N. Y. 12550.

G. P. Bentley, in Coloring of Plastics V, the Proceedings of a Regional Technical Conference of the Society of Plastics Engineers, Inc., Cleveland, Ohio, 26January1971, pp. 13–33.

D. B. Judd, in Ref. 4, pp. 121–122.

D. Nickerson, in Color Metrics, edited by J. J. Vos, L. F. C. Friele, and P. L. Walraven (International Colour Association [AIC], Soesterberg, Holland, 1972), pp. 119–121.

L. F. C. Friele, in Ref. 4, pp. 315–325.

J. P. Guilford, Psychometric Methods (McGraw–Hill, New York, 1954).

W. S. Torgerson, Theory and Methods of Scaling (Wiley, New York, 1958).

Munsell Color, Macbeth Color and Photometry Div. Kollmorgen Corp., Baltimore, Md. 21218.

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Figures (4)

FIG. 1
FIG. 1

Experimental visual scale compared to differences of chroma for series L. The solution is based on the assumption that the stimuli have variable discriminal dispersions.

FIG. 2
FIG. 2

Data for a typical observing session for the evaluation of step size by the method of bisection. Observer RR viewing the chroma series for the third time. Points A and C indicate the endpoints of the line of expected fractionation. The experimental points are labelled according to the proportion of the line AC expected for the bisection, with the ideal proportions indicated on the line.

FIG. 3
FIG. 3

Experimental vs predicted Munsell value for observer RM, R2 = 0.997. (See text for further explanation.)

FIG. 4
FIG. 4

Repeated matching of colorimeter field B to field C when the latter was Munsell paper 10R 7/8 or the colorimeter field containing the transfer of the above match made with B. The ellipses are one MacAdam unit in size, calculated with the FMC-2 color-difference formula.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

TABLE I Munsell renotation coordinates and differences in hue (ΔH), value (ΔV), and chroma (ΔC) in pair-comparison series.

Tables Icon

TABLE II Linear multiple correlation coefficients R2 for visual vs instrumental scale values.

Tables Icon

TABLE III Mean and standard deviation for each experimental bisection point.