Abstract

Pair comparisons were used to assess the perceptual uniformity of the Munsell value (<i>V</i>) and chroma (<i>C</i>) scales near 5<i>Y</i> 7.5/1 for both small (0.25–0.75) and larger (1–2) increments in <i>V</i> and <i>C</i>. We conclude that in this region perceptual linearity is retained down to steps of 0.25 <i>V</i> or <i>C</i>. Bisection experiments showed that around IOR 7/8 perceptual linearity in Munsell hue (<i>H</i>), <i>V</i>, and <i>C</i> was retained down to step sizes of 0.25 H, 0.10 <i>V</i>, and 0.25 <i>C</i>.

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  1. Munsell Color, Macbeth Color and Photometry Div. Kollmorgen Corp., Baltimore, Md. 21218.
  2. S. M. Newhall, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 30, 617 (1940).
  3. S. M. Newhall, D. Nickerson, and D. B. Judd, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 33, 385 (1943).
  4. D. Nickerson, in Color Metrics, edited by J. J. Vos, L. F. C. Friele, and P. L. Walraven (International Colour Association [AICI, Soesterberg, Holland, 1972), pp. 119–121.
  5. A. E. O. Munsell, L. L. Sloan, and I. H. Godlove, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 23, 394 (1933).
  6. D. B. Judd, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 23, 35 (1933).
  7. D. B. Judd, in Ref. 4, pp. 121–122.
  8. L. F. C. Friele, J. Materials 6, 755 (1971).
  9. L. F. C. Friele, in Ref. 4, pp. 315–325.
  10. L. L. Thurstone, Am. J. Psychol. 38, 368 (1927); Psychol. Rev. 34, 273 (1927).
  11. J. P. Guilford, Psychometric Methods (McGraw–Hill, New York, 1954).
  12. W. S. Torgerson, Theory and Methods of Scaling (Wiley, New York, 1958).
  13. D. B. Judd, Color Eng. 8, (2) 36 (1970).
  14. Samples prepared for the Munsell Color Foundation and made available to The Rensselaer Color Measurement Laboratory by W. C. Granville, Granville Color Service, Libertyville, Ill. 60048.
  15. Macbeth Color and Photometry Div., Kollmorgen Corp., Newburgh, N. Y. 12550.
  16. H. Guliksen, Psychometrika 21, 125 (1956).
  17. F. Mosteller, Psychometrika 16, 207 (1951).
  18. D. L. MacAdam, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 40, 589 (1950).
  19. G. P. Bentley, in Coloring of Plastics V, the Proceedings of a Regional Technical Conference of the Society of Plastics Engineers, Inc., Cleveland, Ohio, 26 January 1971, pp. 13–33.
  20. W. C. Rheinboldt and J. P. Menard, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 50, 802 (1960).
  21. G. Wyszecki and G. H. Fielder, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 1135 (1971).
  22. G. Wyszecki and G. H. Fielder, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 1501 (1971).

Bentley, G. P.

G. P. Bentley, in Coloring of Plastics V, the Proceedings of a Regional Technical Conference of the Society of Plastics Engineers, Inc., Cleveland, Ohio, 26 January 1971, pp. 13–33.

Fielder, G. H.

G. Wyszecki and G. H. Fielder, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 1135 (1971).

G. Wyszecki and G. H. Fielder, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 1501 (1971).

Friele, L. F. C.

L. F. C. Friele, J. Materials 6, 755 (1971).

L. F. C. Friele, in Ref. 4, pp. 315–325.

Godlove, I. H.

A. E. O. Munsell, L. L. Sloan, and I. H. Godlove, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 23, 394 (1933).

Guilford, J. P.

J. P. Guilford, Psychometric Methods (McGraw–Hill, New York, 1954).

Guliksen, H.

H. Guliksen, Psychometrika 21, 125 (1956).

Judd, D. B.

D. B. Judd, Color Eng. 8, (2) 36 (1970).

D. B. Judd, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 23, 35 (1933).

D. B. Judd, in Ref. 4, pp. 121–122.

S. M. Newhall, D. Nickerson, and D. B. Judd, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 33, 385 (1943).

MacAdam, D. L.

D. L. MacAdam, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 40, 589 (1950).

Menard, J. P.

W. C. Rheinboldt and J. P. Menard, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 50, 802 (1960).

Mosteller, F.

F. Mosteller, Psychometrika 16, 207 (1951).

Munsell, A. E. O.

A. E. O. Munsell, L. L. Sloan, and I. H. Godlove, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 23, 394 (1933).

Newhall, S. M.

S. M. Newhall, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 30, 617 (1940).

S. M. Newhall, D. Nickerson, and D. B. Judd, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 33, 385 (1943).

Nickerson, D.

S. M. Newhall, D. Nickerson, and D. B. Judd, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 33, 385 (1943).

D. Nickerson, in Color Metrics, edited by J. J. Vos, L. F. C. Friele, and P. L. Walraven (International Colour Association [AICI, Soesterberg, Holland, 1972), pp. 119–121.

Rheinboldt, W. C.

W. C. Rheinboldt and J. P. Menard, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 50, 802 (1960).

Sloan, L. L.

A. E. O. Munsell, L. L. Sloan, and I. H. Godlove, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 23, 394 (1933).

Thurstone, L. L.

L. L. Thurstone, Am. J. Psychol. 38, 368 (1927); Psychol. Rev. 34, 273 (1927).

Torgerson, W. S.

W. S. Torgerson, Theory and Methods of Scaling (Wiley, New York, 1958).

Wyszecki, G.

G. Wyszecki and G. H. Fielder, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 1135 (1971).

G. Wyszecki and G. H. Fielder, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 1501 (1971).

Other (22)

Munsell Color, Macbeth Color and Photometry Div. Kollmorgen Corp., Baltimore, Md. 21218.

S. M. Newhall, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 30, 617 (1940).

S. M. Newhall, D. Nickerson, and D. B. Judd, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 33, 385 (1943).

D. Nickerson, in Color Metrics, edited by J. J. Vos, L. F. C. Friele, and P. L. Walraven (International Colour Association [AICI, Soesterberg, Holland, 1972), pp. 119–121.

A. E. O. Munsell, L. L. Sloan, and I. H. Godlove, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 23, 394 (1933).

D. B. Judd, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 23, 35 (1933).

D. B. Judd, in Ref. 4, pp. 121–122.

L. F. C. Friele, J. Materials 6, 755 (1971).

L. F. C. Friele, in Ref. 4, pp. 315–325.

L. L. Thurstone, Am. J. Psychol. 38, 368 (1927); Psychol. Rev. 34, 273 (1927).

J. P. Guilford, Psychometric Methods (McGraw–Hill, New York, 1954).

W. S. Torgerson, Theory and Methods of Scaling (Wiley, New York, 1958).

D. B. Judd, Color Eng. 8, (2) 36 (1970).

Samples prepared for the Munsell Color Foundation and made available to The Rensselaer Color Measurement Laboratory by W. C. Granville, Granville Color Service, Libertyville, Ill. 60048.

Macbeth Color and Photometry Div., Kollmorgen Corp., Newburgh, N. Y. 12550.

H. Guliksen, Psychometrika 21, 125 (1956).

F. Mosteller, Psychometrika 16, 207 (1951).

D. L. MacAdam, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 40, 589 (1950).

G. P. Bentley, in Coloring of Plastics V, the Proceedings of a Regional Technical Conference of the Society of Plastics Engineers, Inc., Cleveland, Ohio, 26 January 1971, pp. 13–33.

W. C. Rheinboldt and J. P. Menard, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 50, 802 (1960).

G. Wyszecki and G. H. Fielder, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 1135 (1971).

G. Wyszecki and G. H. Fielder, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 1501 (1971).

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