Abstract

An efficient beam splitter for a Michelson interferometer can be made from a pair of prisms, using the process of frustrated total internal reflection. Although the phases and irradiances of the beams reflected and transmitted by the beam splitter depend on the polarization, the phase difference between the two interferometer beams vanishes for all polarizations and the transmittance can be made polarization insensitive by suitable design. The interferometer transmits radiant power within a wavelength band approximately two octaves wide, and rejects all other radiant power. The design, laboratory tests, and astronomical applications of an interferometer for the millimeter and submillimeter regions are discussed. An observation of the day-sky spectrum is presented.

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  1. I. Newton, Opticks (London, 1730), Book II, Obs. 1, 2, 4, 8 and Book III, Qu. 29.
  2. E. E. Hall, Phys. Rev. 15, 73 (1902).
  3. C. Schaefer and G. Gross, Ann. Phys. 32, 648 (1910).
  4. M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, London, 1970), Ch. I.
  5. H. Wolters, in Handbuch der Physik, Vol. 24, edited by S. Flügge (Springer, Berlin, 1956), p. 461.
  6. N. S. Kapany and J. J. Burke, Optical Waveguides, (Academic, New York, 1972), Ch. 3.
  7. N. J. Harrick, Phys. Rev. Lett. 4, 224 (1960); Phys. Rev. 125, 1165 (1962).
  8. W. Leeb, Appl. Opt. 13, 17 (1974).
  9. N. J. Harrick, Appl. Opt. 2, 1203 (1963).
  10. H. D. Raker and G. R. Valenzuela, IRE Trans. MTT-10, 392 (1962).
  11. W. Culshaw and D. S. Jones, Proc. Phys. Soc. Lond. 66B 859 (1953).
  12. V. A. Kuznetsov, V. N. Listvin, V. T. Potapov, and V. A. Strakhov, Opt. Spectrosk. 31, 151 (1971) [Opt. Spectrosc. 31, 77 (1971)].
  13. W. H. Steel, Interferometry (Cambridge U. P., London, 1967), p. 84.
  14. J. Chamberlain, Infrared Phys. 11, 25 (1971).
  15. J. Chamberlain and H. A. Gebbie, Infrared Phys. 11, 57 (1971).
  16. J. E. Harries and P. A. R. Ade, Infrared Phys. 12, 81 (1972).

Newton, I.

I. Newton, Opticks (London, 1730), Book II, Obs. 1, 2, 4, 8 and Book III, Qu. 29.

Ade, P. A. R.

J. E. Harries and P. A. R. Ade, Infrared Phys. 12, 81 (1972).

Born, M.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, London, 1970), Ch. I.

Burke, J. J.

N. S. Kapany and J. J. Burke, Optical Waveguides, (Academic, New York, 1972), Ch. 3.

Chamberlain, J.

J. Chamberlain, Infrared Phys. 11, 25 (1971).

J. Chamberlain and H. A. Gebbie, Infrared Phys. 11, 57 (1971).

Culshaw, W.

W. Culshaw and D. S. Jones, Proc. Phys. Soc. Lond. 66B 859 (1953).

Gebbie, H. A.

J. Chamberlain and H. A. Gebbie, Infrared Phys. 11, 57 (1971).

Gross, G.

C. Schaefer and G. Gross, Ann. Phys. 32, 648 (1910).

Hall, E. E.

E. E. Hall, Phys. Rev. 15, 73 (1902).

Harrick, N. J.

N. J. Harrick, Appl. Opt. 2, 1203 (1963).

N. J. Harrick, Phys. Rev. Lett. 4, 224 (1960); Phys. Rev. 125, 1165 (1962).

Harries, J. E.

J. E. Harries and P. A. R. Ade, Infrared Phys. 12, 81 (1972).

Jones, D. S.

W. Culshaw and D. S. Jones, Proc. Phys. Soc. Lond. 66B 859 (1953).

Kapany, N. S.

N. S. Kapany and J. J. Burke, Optical Waveguides, (Academic, New York, 1972), Ch. 3.

Kuznetsov, V. A.

V. A. Kuznetsov, V. N. Listvin, V. T. Potapov, and V. A. Strakhov, Opt. Spectrosk. 31, 151 (1971) [Opt. Spectrosc. 31, 77 (1971)].

Leeb, W.

W. Leeb, Appl. Opt. 13, 17 (1974).

Listvin, V. N.

V. A. Kuznetsov, V. N. Listvin, V. T. Potapov, and V. A. Strakhov, Opt. Spectrosk. 31, 151 (1971) [Opt. Spectrosc. 31, 77 (1971)].

Potapov, V. T.

V. A. Kuznetsov, V. N. Listvin, V. T. Potapov, and V. A. Strakhov, Opt. Spectrosk. 31, 151 (1971) [Opt. Spectrosc. 31, 77 (1971)].

Raker, H. D.

H. D. Raker and G. R. Valenzuela, IRE Trans. MTT-10, 392 (1962).

Schaefer, C.

C. Schaefer and G. Gross, Ann. Phys. 32, 648 (1910).

Steel, W. H.

W. H. Steel, Interferometry (Cambridge U. P., London, 1967), p. 84.

Strakhov, V. A.

V. A. Kuznetsov, V. N. Listvin, V. T. Potapov, and V. A. Strakhov, Opt. Spectrosk. 31, 151 (1971) [Opt. Spectrosc. 31, 77 (1971)].

Valenzuela, G. R.

H. D. Raker and G. R. Valenzuela, IRE Trans. MTT-10, 392 (1962).

Wolf, E.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, London, 1970), Ch. I.

Wolters, H.

H. Wolters, in Handbuch der Physik, Vol. 24, edited by S. Flügge (Springer, Berlin, 1956), p. 461.

Other

I. Newton, Opticks (London, 1730), Book II, Obs. 1, 2, 4, 8 and Book III, Qu. 29.

E. E. Hall, Phys. Rev. 15, 73 (1902).

C. Schaefer and G. Gross, Ann. Phys. 32, 648 (1910).

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, London, 1970), Ch. I.

H. Wolters, in Handbuch der Physik, Vol. 24, edited by S. Flügge (Springer, Berlin, 1956), p. 461.

N. S. Kapany and J. J. Burke, Optical Waveguides, (Academic, New York, 1972), Ch. 3.

N. J. Harrick, Phys. Rev. Lett. 4, 224 (1960); Phys. Rev. 125, 1165 (1962).

W. Leeb, Appl. Opt. 13, 17 (1974).

N. J. Harrick, Appl. Opt. 2, 1203 (1963).

H. D. Raker and G. R. Valenzuela, IRE Trans. MTT-10, 392 (1962).

W. Culshaw and D. S. Jones, Proc. Phys. Soc. Lond. 66B 859 (1953).

V. A. Kuznetsov, V. N. Listvin, V. T. Potapov, and V. A. Strakhov, Opt. Spectrosk. 31, 151 (1971) [Opt. Spectrosc. 31, 77 (1971)].

W. H. Steel, Interferometry (Cambridge U. P., London, 1967), p. 84.

J. Chamberlain, Infrared Phys. 11, 25 (1971).

J. Chamberlain and H. A. Gebbie, Infrared Phys. 11, 57 (1971).

J. E. Harries and P. A. R. Ade, Infrared Phys. 12, 81 (1972).

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