Abstract

The isoplanatic condition for imaging through the turbulent atmosphere is investigated, and theoretical expressions are derived for various applications. Explicit calculations are performed for the Pic du Midi 1 m telescope and the Hale 5 m telescope.

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  1. M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 2nd ed. (Pergamon, New York, 1964), Sec. 9.5.
  2. P. Dumontet, Opt. Acta 2, 53 (1955).
  3. P. Laques, in Advances in Electronics and Electron Physics, 22B, edited by J. D. McGee (Academic, London, 1966).
  4. I. G. Kolchinskii, Correlation Between Image Pulsation of Stars at Small Angular Distances from Each Other NASA Technical Report No. TTF437 (1965).
  5. D. Fried, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 1372 (1966).
  6. D. Korff, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 971 (1973).
  7. R. E. Hufnagel, in Restoration of Atmospherically Degraded Images, Proceedings of Woods Hole Summer Study, Vol. 2, Appendix 5, p. 29 (Defense Documentation Center, Alexandria, Va., 1966).
  8. H. T. Yura, Appl. Opt. 11, 1399 (1972).
  9. V. I. Tatarskii, The Effects of the Turbulent Atomsphere on Wave Propagation (U. S. Department of Commerce, NTIS, Springfield, Va., 1971).
  10. R. E. Hufnagel, in Ref. 7 Vol. 2, Appendix 3, p. 15.
  11. Merlin Miller of AERL has pointed out to us that the quantity given in Eq. (37) can be obtained directly by measuring the fringe visibility of a set of binary stars having various angular separations.
  12. R. S. Kennedy, in Ref. 7, Vol. 2, Appendix 12, p. 69.

Born, M.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 2nd ed. (Pergamon, New York, 1964), Sec. 9.5.

Dumontet, P.

P. Dumontet, Opt. Acta 2, 53 (1955).

Fried, D.

D. Fried, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 1372 (1966).

Hufnagel, R. E.

R. E. Hufnagel, in Restoration of Atmospherically Degraded Images, Proceedings of Woods Hole Summer Study, Vol. 2, Appendix 5, p. 29 (Defense Documentation Center, Alexandria, Va., 1966).

R. E. Hufnagel, in Ref. 7 Vol. 2, Appendix 3, p. 15.

Kennedy, R. S.

R. S. Kennedy, in Ref. 7, Vol. 2, Appendix 12, p. 69.

Kolchinskii, I. G.

I. G. Kolchinskii, Correlation Between Image Pulsation of Stars at Small Angular Distances from Each Other NASA Technical Report No. TTF437 (1965).

Korff, D.

D. Korff, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 971 (1973).

Laques, P.

P. Laques, in Advances in Electronics and Electron Physics, 22B, edited by J. D. McGee (Academic, London, 1966).

Tatarskii, V. I.

V. I. Tatarskii, The Effects of the Turbulent Atomsphere on Wave Propagation (U. S. Department of Commerce, NTIS, Springfield, Va., 1971).

Wolf, E.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 2nd ed. (Pergamon, New York, 1964), Sec. 9.5.

Yura, H. T.

H. T. Yura, Appl. Opt. 11, 1399 (1972).

Other (12)

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 2nd ed. (Pergamon, New York, 1964), Sec. 9.5.

P. Dumontet, Opt. Acta 2, 53 (1955).

P. Laques, in Advances in Electronics and Electron Physics, 22B, edited by J. D. McGee (Academic, London, 1966).

I. G. Kolchinskii, Correlation Between Image Pulsation of Stars at Small Angular Distances from Each Other NASA Technical Report No. TTF437 (1965).

D. Fried, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 1372 (1966).

D. Korff, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 971 (1973).

R. E. Hufnagel, in Restoration of Atmospherically Degraded Images, Proceedings of Woods Hole Summer Study, Vol. 2, Appendix 5, p. 29 (Defense Documentation Center, Alexandria, Va., 1966).

H. T. Yura, Appl. Opt. 11, 1399 (1972).

V. I. Tatarskii, The Effects of the Turbulent Atomsphere on Wave Propagation (U. S. Department of Commerce, NTIS, Springfield, Va., 1971).

R. E. Hufnagel, in Ref. 7 Vol. 2, Appendix 3, p. 15.

Merlin Miller of AERL has pointed out to us that the quantity given in Eq. (37) can be obtained directly by measuring the fringe visibility of a set of binary stars having various angular separations.

R. S. Kennedy, in Ref. 7, Vol. 2, Appendix 12, p. 69.

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