Abstract

The spectral distribution of the scattered irradiance at 40° in the forward direction and at 140° in the backward direction have been measured for a series of five silver films and five gold films, in the visible and near infrared. The films were produced by evaporation to form a highly aggregated structure, with particles that had a somewhat-limited size variation for each film; the modal sizes ranged from 275 to 4000 Å for the silver films, and from 160 to 740 Å for the gold films. The experimental curves showed maxima in the spectral region studied, except for silver backscattering.

© 1974 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. Grigorovici and G. Ciobanu, J. Phys. 25, 161 (1964).
    [Crossref]
  2. J. Dalmas, C. R. Acad. Sci. E 265, B1123 (1967).
  3. E. Klein and H. J. Metz, Phot. Sci. Eng. 5, 5 (1961).
  4. D. C. Skillman and C. H. Berry, J. Chem. Phys. 48, 3297 (1968).
    [Crossref]
  5. D. C. Skillman and C. H. Berry, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 707 (1973).
    [Crossref]
  6. S. Yoshida, J. Yamaguchi, and A. Kinbara, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 463 (1971).
    [Crossref]
  7. H. E. Bennett, R. L. Peck, D. K. Burge, and J. M. Bennett, J. Appl. Phys. 40, 3351 (1969).
    [Crossref]
  8. G. R. Bird, M. Morse, H. Rodriguez, P. E. Bastian, J. Johnson, and W. E. Gray, Phot. Sci. Eng. 15, 356 (1971).

1973 (1)

1971 (2)

S. Yoshida, J. Yamaguchi, and A. Kinbara, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 463 (1971).
[Crossref]

G. R. Bird, M. Morse, H. Rodriguez, P. E. Bastian, J. Johnson, and W. E. Gray, Phot. Sci. Eng. 15, 356 (1971).

1969 (1)

H. E. Bennett, R. L. Peck, D. K. Burge, and J. M. Bennett, J. Appl. Phys. 40, 3351 (1969).
[Crossref]

1968 (1)

D. C. Skillman and C. H. Berry, J. Chem. Phys. 48, 3297 (1968).
[Crossref]

1967 (1)

J. Dalmas, C. R. Acad. Sci. E 265, B1123 (1967).

1964 (1)

R. Grigorovici and G. Ciobanu, J. Phys. 25, 161 (1964).
[Crossref]

1961 (1)

E. Klein and H. J. Metz, Phot. Sci. Eng. 5, 5 (1961).

Bastian, P. E.

G. R. Bird, M. Morse, H. Rodriguez, P. E. Bastian, J. Johnson, and W. E. Gray, Phot. Sci. Eng. 15, 356 (1971).

Bennett, H. E.

H. E. Bennett, R. L. Peck, D. K. Burge, and J. M. Bennett, J. Appl. Phys. 40, 3351 (1969).
[Crossref]

Bennett, J. M.

H. E. Bennett, R. L. Peck, D. K. Burge, and J. M. Bennett, J. Appl. Phys. 40, 3351 (1969).
[Crossref]

Berry, C. H.

D. C. Skillman and C. H. Berry, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 707 (1973).
[Crossref]

D. C. Skillman and C. H. Berry, J. Chem. Phys. 48, 3297 (1968).
[Crossref]

Bird, G. R.

G. R. Bird, M. Morse, H. Rodriguez, P. E. Bastian, J. Johnson, and W. E. Gray, Phot. Sci. Eng. 15, 356 (1971).

Burge, D. K.

H. E. Bennett, R. L. Peck, D. K. Burge, and J. M. Bennett, J. Appl. Phys. 40, 3351 (1969).
[Crossref]

Ciobanu, G.

R. Grigorovici and G. Ciobanu, J. Phys. 25, 161 (1964).
[Crossref]

Dalmas, J.

J. Dalmas, C. R. Acad. Sci. E 265, B1123 (1967).

Gray, W. E.

G. R. Bird, M. Morse, H. Rodriguez, P. E. Bastian, J. Johnson, and W. E. Gray, Phot. Sci. Eng. 15, 356 (1971).

Grigorovici, R.

R. Grigorovici and G. Ciobanu, J. Phys. 25, 161 (1964).
[Crossref]

Johnson, J.

G. R. Bird, M. Morse, H. Rodriguez, P. E. Bastian, J. Johnson, and W. E. Gray, Phot. Sci. Eng. 15, 356 (1971).

Kinbara, A.

Klein, E.

E. Klein and H. J. Metz, Phot. Sci. Eng. 5, 5 (1961).

Metz, H. J.

E. Klein and H. J. Metz, Phot. Sci. Eng. 5, 5 (1961).

Morse, M.

G. R. Bird, M. Morse, H. Rodriguez, P. E. Bastian, J. Johnson, and W. E. Gray, Phot. Sci. Eng. 15, 356 (1971).

Peck, R. L.

H. E. Bennett, R. L. Peck, D. K. Burge, and J. M. Bennett, J. Appl. Phys. 40, 3351 (1969).
[Crossref]

Rodriguez, H.

G. R. Bird, M. Morse, H. Rodriguez, P. E. Bastian, J. Johnson, and W. E. Gray, Phot. Sci. Eng. 15, 356 (1971).

Skillman, D. C.

D. C. Skillman and C. H. Berry, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 707 (1973).
[Crossref]

D. C. Skillman and C. H. Berry, J. Chem. Phys. 48, 3297 (1968).
[Crossref]

Yamaguchi, J.

Yoshida, S.

C. R. Acad. Sci. E (1)

J. Dalmas, C. R. Acad. Sci. E 265, B1123 (1967).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

H. E. Bennett, R. L. Peck, D. K. Burge, and J. M. Bennett, J. Appl. Phys. 40, 3351 (1969).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

D. C. Skillman and C. H. Berry, J. Chem. Phys. 48, 3297 (1968).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (2)

J. Phys. (1)

R. Grigorovici and G. Ciobanu, J. Phys. 25, 161 (1964).
[Crossref]

Phot. Sci. Eng. (2)

G. R. Bird, M. Morse, H. Rodriguez, P. E. Bastian, J. Johnson, and W. E. Gray, Phot. Sci. Eng. 15, 356 (1971).

E. Klein and H. J. Metz, Phot. Sci. Eng. 5, 5 (1961).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Electron micrographs of the aggregated films: on the left, silver and on the right, gold. The masses evaporated (with source-to-substrate distance 24 cm) were for silver, from top to bottom 15, 35, 65, 100, and 150 mg; for gold 15, 25, 35, 45, and 60 mg.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic diagram of the apparatus in the forward-scattering case. In the backward-scattering case, the detector is rotated to 140° and the film is reversed.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The forward-scattering spectral distributions from the 15 mg silver film, to illustrate the effect of exposure to the atmosphere. The times indicate when the observations were begun, after the film was removed from vacuum.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The forward-scattering spectral distributions from the five silver films.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The backward-scattering spectral distributions from the five silver films.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

The forward-scattering spectral distributions from the five gold films.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

The backward-scattering spectral distributions from the five gold films.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table I Particle size of the films studied