Abstract

The sensitivity of the resonance-fluorescence method for the measurement of very-low sodium-vapor densities (<1010 atoms/cm3) has been studied. Light from a sodium spectral lamp is sent through a sodium-containing vessel, whose temperature can be varied. The vapor density has been measured in the region of 47–146 °C. At 47 °C, the vapor density is about 107 atoms/cm3. The measurements were performed with both a photon-counting device and a lock-in amplifier. The experimental results have been normalized to absolute density data given in the literature. Fitting our points to the equation logN = a + b/T yields the values a = 23.715 and b = −5257.7 K.

© 1974 Optical Society of America

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