Abstract

The 630-nm loss band recently identified in unclad fibers made from low-OH-content vitreous silica is shown to be introduced in the fiber-drawing process. The band has an absorptive component as well as resonance fluorescence whose peak intensity amounts to about 16% of the total losses. A red fluorescence was observed when the same fibers were illuminated with the 325-nm line of a HeCd laser. The loss band could be eliminated by annealing for 3 h at 700 °C. Spontaneous annealing at room temperature was also observed in some cases. It is proposed that the 630-nm band is associated with drawing-induced defects of the silica network.

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  2. p. Kaiser and H. W. Astle, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 469 (1974).
  3. P. Kaiser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 45 (1973).
  4. Amersil Catalog No. EM 9227.
  5. G. Hetherington and K. H. Jack, Phys. Chem. Glass. 3, 129 (1962).
  6. Modern Aspects of the Vitreous State, edited by J. D. Mackenzie (Butterworths, Washington, 1962), p. 195.
  7. A. D. Pearson and W. G. French, Bell Lab. Rec. 50, 103 (1972).
  8. E. Lell, N. J. Kreidl, and J. R. Hensler, in Progress in Ceramic Science, Volume 4, edited by J. E. Burke (Pergamon, New York, 1966).
  9. D. A. Pinnow and T. C. Rich (private communication).
  10. D. B. Keck and A. R. Tynes, Appl. Opt. 11, 1502 (1972).
  11. A. R. Tynes (private communication).
  12. A. R. Tynes, A. D. Pearson, and D. L. Bisbee, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 143 (1971).
  13. J. Stone, Appl. Opt. 12, 1824 (1973).
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  15. C. A. Burrus, E. L. Chinnock, D. Gloge, W. S. Holden, T. Li, R. D. Standley, and D. B. Keck, Proc. IEEE 61, 1498 (1973).
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  21. R. H. Stolen, J. T. Kraus, and C. R. Kurkjian, Disc. Faraday Soc. 50, 103 (1970).
  22. J. S. Stroud, J. W. H. Schreurs, and R. F. Tucker Seventh International Congress on Glass, New York (Gordon and Breach, New York, 1965).
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  28. G. Hetherington and K. H. Jack, Phys. Chem. Glass. 5, 147 (1964).
  29. G. S. Monk, Nucleonics 10, 52 (1952).
  30. J. S. Stroud, J. Chem. Phys. 37, 836 (1962).
  31. R. A. Weeks and E. Lell, J. Appl. Phys. 35, 1932 (1964).
  32. G. Hetherington, K. H. Jack, and P. C. Kennedy, Phys. Chem. Glass. 5, 130 (1964).
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O. L. Anderson, J. Appl. Phys. 29, 9 (1958).

Astle, H. W.

P. Kaiser, A. R. Tynes, A. D. Pearson, W. G. French, A. H. Cherin, R. E. Jaeger, and H. W. Astle, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 1141 (1973).

p. Kaiser and H. W. Astle, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 469 (1974).

Bell, T.

T. Bell, G. Hetherington, and K. H. Jack, Phys. Chem. Glass. 3, 141 (1962).

Billington, D. S.

D. S. Billington and J. H. Crawford, Jr., Radiation Damage in Solids (Princeton U. P., Princeton, 1961), p. 224.

Bisbee, D. L.

A. R. Tynes, A. D. Pearson, and D. L. Bisbee, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 143 (1971).

Burrus, C. A.

C. A. Burrus, E. L. Chinnock, D. Gloge, W. S. Holden, T. Li, R. D. Standley, and D. B. Keck, Proc. IEEE 61, 1498 (1973).

Cherin, A. H.

P. Kaiser, A. R. Tynes, A. D. Pearson, W. G. French, A. H. Cherin, R. E. Jaeger, and H. W. Astle, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 1141 (1973).

Chinnock, E. L.

C. A. Burrus, E. L. Chinnock, D. Gloge, W. S. Holden, T. Li, R. D. Standley, and D. B. Keck, Proc. IEEE 61, 1498 (1973).

Crawford, Jr., J. H.

D. S. Billington and J. H. Crawford, Jr., Radiation Damage in Solids (Princeton U. P., Princeton, 1961), p. 224.

C. M. Nelson and J. H. Crawford, Jr., J. Phys. Chem. Solids 13, 296 (1960).

French, W. G.

P. Kaiser, A. R. Tynes, A. D. Pearson, W. G. French, A. H. Cherin, R. E. Jaeger, and H. W. Astle, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 1141 (1973).

A. D. Pearson and W. G. French, Bell Lab. Rec. 50, 103 (1972).

Gloge, D.

C. A. Burrus, E. L. Chinnock, D. Gloge, W. S. Holden, T. Li, R. D. Standley, and D. B. Keck, Proc. IEEE 61, 1498 (1973).

Hensler, J. R.

E. Lell, N. J. Kreidl, and J. R. Hensler, in Progress in Ceramic Science, Volume 4, edited by J. E. Burke (Pergamon, New York, 1966).

Hetherington, G.

G. Hetherington and K. H. Jack, Phys. Chem. Glass. 3, 129 (1962).

T. Bell, G. Hetherington, and K. H. Jack, Phys. Chem. Glass. 3, 141 (1962).

G. Hetherington and K. H. Jack, Phys. Chem. Glass. 5, 147 (1964).

G. Hetherington, K. H. Jack, and P. C. Kennedy, Phys. Chem. Glass. 5, 130 (1964).

G. Hetherington (private communication).

Holden, W. S.

C. A. Burrus, E. L. Chinnock, D. Gloge, W. S. Holden, T. Li, R. D. Standley, and D. B. Keck, Proc. IEEE 61, 1498 (1973).

Jack, K. H.

G. Hetherington and K. H. Jack, Phys. Chem. Glass. 3, 129 (1962).

G. Hetherington, K. H. Jack, and P. C. Kennedy, Phys. Chem. Glass. 5, 130 (1964).

G. Hetherington and K. H. Jack, Phys. Chem. Glass. 5, 147 (1964).

T. Bell, G. Hetherington, and K. H. Jack, Phys. Chem. Glass. 3, 141 (1962).

Jaeger, R. E.

P. Kaiser, A. R. Tynes, A. D. Pearson, W. G. French, A. H. Cherin, R. E. Jaeger, and H. W. Astle, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 1141 (1973).

Kaiser, p.

p. Kaiser and H. W. Astle, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 469 (1974).

P. Kaiser, A. R. Tynes, A. D. Pearson, W. G. French, A. H. Cherin, R. E. Jaeger, and H. W. Astle, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 1141 (1973).

P. Kaiser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 45 (1973).

P. Kaiser, E. A. J. Marcatili, and S. E. Miller, Bell. Syst. Tech. J. 52, 265 (1973).

Keck, D. B.

C. A. Burrus, E. L. Chinnock, D. Gloge, W. S. Holden, T. Li, R. D. Standley, and D. B. Keck, Proc. IEEE 61, 1498 (1973).

D. B. Keck and A. R. Tynes, Appl. Opt. 11, 1502 (1972).

Kennedy, P. C.

G. Hetherington, K. H. Jack, and P. C. Kennedy, Phys. Chem. Glass. 5, 130 (1964).

Kraus, J. T.

R. H. Stolen, J. T. Kraus, and C. R. Kurkjian, Disc. Faraday Soc. 50, 103 (1970).

Kreidl, N. J.

E. Lell, N. J. Kreidl, and J. R. Hensler, in Progress in Ceramic Science, Volume 4, edited by J. E. Burke (Pergamon, New York, 1966).

Kurkjian, C. R.

R. H. Stolen, J. T. Kraus, and C. R. Kurkjian, Disc. Faraday Soc. 50, 103 (1970).

Lell, E.

R. A. Weeks and E. Lell, J. Appl. Phys. 35, 1932 (1964).

E. Lell, N. J. Kreidl, and J. R. Hensler, in Progress in Ceramic Science, Volume 4, edited by J. E. Burke (Pergamon, New York, 1966).

Levy, M.

M. Levy and J. H. O. Varley, Proc. Phys. Soc. Lond. 68, 223 (1955).

Levy, P. W.

P. W. Levy, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 13, 287 (1960).

Li, T.

C. A. Burrus, E. L. Chinnock, D. Gloge, W. S. Holden, T. Li, R. D. Standley, and D. B. Keck, Proc. IEEE 61, 1498 (1973).

Marcatili, E. A. J.

P. Kaiser, E. A. J. Marcatili, and S. E. Miller, Bell. Syst. Tech. J. 52, 265 (1973).

Miller, S. E.

P. Kaiser, E. A. J. Marcatili, and S. E. Miller, Bell. Syst. Tech. J. 52, 265 (1973).

Mitchell, E. W. J.

E. W. J. Mitchell and E. G. S. Paige, Phil. Mag. 1, 1085 (1956).

Monk, G. S.

G. S. Monk, Nucleonics 10, 52 (1952).

Nelson, C. M.

C. M. Nelson and J. H. Crawford, Jr., J. Phys. Chem. Solids 13, 296 (1960).

Otto, W. H.

W. H. Otto, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 44, 68 (1961).

Paige, E. G. S.

E. W. J. Mitchell and E. G. S. Paige, Phil. Mag. 1, 1085 (1956).

Pearson, A. D.

A. R. Tynes, A. D. Pearson, and D. L. Bisbee, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 143 (1971).

A. D. Pearson and W. G. French, Bell Lab. Rec. 50, 103 (1972).

P. Kaiser, A. R. Tynes, A. D. Pearson, W. G. French, A. H. Cherin, R. E. Jaeger, and H. W. Astle, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 1141 (1973).

Pinnow, D. A.

D. A. Pinnow and T. C. Rich (private communication).

Rich, T. C.

D. A. Pinnow and T. C. Rich (private communication).

Schreurs, J. W. H.

J. S. Stroud, J. W. H. Schreurs, and R. F. Tucker Seventh International Congress on Glass, New York (Gordon and Breach, New York, 1965).

Silfvast, W. T.

W. T. Silfvast (private communication).

Standley, R. D.

C. A. Burrus, E. L. Chinnock, D. Gloge, W. S. Holden, T. Li, R. D. Standley, and D. B. Keck, Proc. IEEE 61, 1498 (1973).

Stolen, R. H.

R. H. Stolen, J. T. Kraus, and C. R. Kurkjian, Disc. Faraday Soc. 50, 103 (1970).

Stone, J.

J. Stone, Appl. Opt. 12, 1824 (1973).

Stroud, J. S.

J. S. Stroud, J. W. H. Schreurs, and R. F. Tucker Seventh International Congress on Glass, New York (Gordon and Breach, New York, 1965).

J. S. Stroud, J. Chem. Phys. 37, 836 (1962).

Tucker, R. F.

J. S. Stroud, J. W. H. Schreurs, and R. F. Tucker Seventh International Congress on Glass, New York (Gordon and Breach, New York, 1965).

Tynes, A. R.

D. B. Keck and A. R. Tynes, Appl. Opt. 11, 1502 (1972).

A. R. Tynes (private communication).

A. R. Tynes, A. D. Pearson, and D. L. Bisbee, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 143 (1971).

P. Kaiser, A. R. Tynes, A. D. Pearson, W. G. French, A. H. Cherin, R. E. Jaeger, and H. W. Astle, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 1141 (1973).

Varley, J. H. O.

M. Levy and J. H. O. Varley, Proc. Phys. Soc. Lond. 68, 223 (1955).

Weeks, R. A.

R. A. Weeks and E. Lell, J. Appl. Phys. 35, 1932 (1964).

Other (33)

P. Kaiser, A. R. Tynes, A. D. Pearson, W. G. French, A. H. Cherin, R. E. Jaeger, and H. W. Astle, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 1141 (1973).

p. Kaiser and H. W. Astle, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 469 (1974).

P. Kaiser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 45 (1973).

Amersil Catalog No. EM 9227.

G. Hetherington and K. H. Jack, Phys. Chem. Glass. 3, 129 (1962).

Modern Aspects of the Vitreous State, edited by J. D. Mackenzie (Butterworths, Washington, 1962), p. 195.

A. D. Pearson and W. G. French, Bell Lab. Rec. 50, 103 (1972).

E. Lell, N. J. Kreidl, and J. R. Hensler, in Progress in Ceramic Science, Volume 4, edited by J. E. Burke (Pergamon, New York, 1966).

D. A. Pinnow and T. C. Rich (private communication).

D. B. Keck and A. R. Tynes, Appl. Opt. 11, 1502 (1972).

A. R. Tynes (private communication).

A. R. Tynes, A. D. Pearson, and D. L. Bisbee, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 143 (1971).

J. Stone, Appl. Opt. 12, 1824 (1973).

P. Kaiser, E. A. J. Marcatili, and S. E. Miller, Bell. Syst. Tech. J. 52, 265 (1973).

C. A. Burrus, E. L. Chinnock, D. Gloge, W. S. Holden, T. Li, R. D. Standley, and D. B. Keck, Proc. IEEE 61, 1498 (1973).

W. T. Silfvast (private communication).

W. H. Otto, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 44, 68 (1961).

O. L. Anderson, J. Appl. Phys. 29, 9 (1958).

Kapany, Fiber Optics (Academic, New York, 1967).

P. W. Levy, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 13, 287 (1960).

R. H. Stolen, J. T. Kraus, and C. R. Kurkjian, Disc. Faraday Soc. 50, 103 (1970).

J. S. Stroud, J. W. H. Schreurs, and R. F. Tucker Seventh International Congress on Glass, New York (Gordon and Breach, New York, 1965).

C. M. Nelson and J. H. Crawford, Jr., J. Phys. Chem. Solids 13, 296 (1960).

M. Levy and J. H. O. Varley, Proc. Phys. Soc. Lond. 68, 223 (1955).

E. W. J. Mitchell and E. G. S. Paige, Phil. Mag. 1, 1085 (1956).

D. S. Billington and J. H. Crawford, Jr., Radiation Damage in Solids (Princeton U. P., Princeton, 1961), p. 224.

T. Bell, G. Hetherington, and K. H. Jack, Phys. Chem. Glass. 3, 141 (1962).

G. Hetherington and K. H. Jack, Phys. Chem. Glass. 5, 147 (1964).

G. S. Monk, Nucleonics 10, 52 (1952).

J. S. Stroud, J. Chem. Phys. 37, 836 (1962).

R. A. Weeks and E. Lell, J. Appl. Phys. 35, 1932 (1964).

G. Hetherington, K. H. Jack, and P. C. Kennedy, Phys. Chem. Glass. 5, 130 (1964).

G. Hetherington (private communication).

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