Abstract

In the vacuum-ultraviolet region of the spectrum, the optical constants of vacuum-deposited absorbing films can be determined by measuring their specular reflectances at a number of angles of incidence. These reflectance values are then used to solve the generalized Fresnel reflection equations to obtain n and k. If the film is thin enough so that interference occurs between the wave fronts reflected from the film–vacuum and film–substrate interfaces, the errors in determining n and k may be large. Previously an opaque film, one that would transmit only 0.1% of the incident radiant flux at normal incidence if it were free-standing, was considered necessary if the n, k values of the film were to be determined with an accuracy of 1%. This paper presents the results of calculations demonstrating that the film thickness necessary to reduce the errors in n and k to 1% is dependent on n and k and is generally less than the opaque thickness.

© 1974 Optical Society of America

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