Abstract

Coupled-mode theory is used to find the power transfer between neighboring fibers when the coupling is dependent on the position along the fibers, as in nonparallel or tapered fibers. If the coupling coefficient is replaced by an averaged coupling coefficient, the usual coupled-mode solutions are found to apply. Curves of the averaged coupling coefficient are presented in a length-independent form for HE11 modes on nonparallel and tapered fibers of arbitrary physical parameters.

© 1974 Optical Society of America

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Equations (19)

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