Abstract

The CIE tristimulus weighting functions have been applied to the colorimetric description of white surfaces. These functions, however, were derived from visual comparisons of high-purity colors, whereas white surfaces represent low-purity colors. No paper has dealt with the question of tristimulus weighting functions for low-purity white surfaces. The object of this paper is to discuss the boundaries between the white space and color space, to discuss the application of the tristimulus weighting functions to low-purity colors, and to show the correlation between visual appraisals of white with those derived from physical measurements.

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  1. A. Berger, Farbe 8, 187 (1959).
  2. R. Hunter, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 50, 44 (1960).
  3. P. Stensby, Soap Chem. Spec. 43 (4), 41 (1967); Soap Chem. Spec. 43 (5), 84 (1967); Soap Chem. Spec. 43 (7), 80 (1967); Soap Chem. Spec. 43 (8), 94 (1967); Soap Chem. Spec. 43 (9), 96 (1967).
  4. E. Ganz, J. Color and Appearance 1 (5), 33 (1972).
  5. F. Grum and J. Patek, J. Tech. Assn. Pulp Paper Ind. 48, 357 (1965).
  6. P. Stensby, J. Color and Appearance 2(1), 39 (1973).
  7. R. Hunter and W. Schramm, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 881 (1969).
  8. R. D. Bock and L. V. Jones, Measurement and Prediction of Judgment and Choice (Holden—Day, New York, 1968), pp. 33–40.
  9. A. Berger, Farbe 8, 189 (1958).
  10. L. F. C. Friele, Farbe 8, 171 (1959).
  11. F. Grum and T. Wightman, J. Tech. Assn. Pulp Paper Ind. 43, 400 (1960).
  12. F. Grum, S. Saunders, and T. Wightman, J. Tech. Assn. Pulp Paper Ind. 53, 1264 (1970).
  13. G. Wyszecki, Farbe 19, 43 (1970).
  14. G. Wyszecki and W. S. Stiles, Color Science (Wiley, New York, 1967), p. 436, Table 5.8.
  15. K. F. Stultz (private communication).
  16. B. H. Crawford, Vision Res. 5, 71 (1965).
  17. D. L. MacAdam, Appl. Opt. 10, 1 (1971).
  18. ISCC Subcommittee for Problem 18, Report in preparation.
  19. A. Rauchle and W. Schramm, Textilveredlung 2, 719 (1967).

Berger, A.

A. Berger, Farbe 8, 187 (1959).

A. Berger, Farbe 8, 189 (1958).

Bock, R. D.

R. D. Bock and L. V. Jones, Measurement and Prediction of Judgment and Choice (Holden—Day, New York, 1968), pp. 33–40.

Color, J.

P. Stensby, J. Color and Appearance 2(1), 39 (1973).

E. Ganz, J. Color and Appearance 1 (5), 33 (1972).

Crawford, B. H.

B. H. Crawford, Vision Res. 5, 71 (1965).

Friele, L. F. C.

L. F. C. Friele, Farbe 8, 171 (1959).

Ganz, E.

E. Ganz, J. Color and Appearance 1 (5), 33 (1972).

Grum, F.

F. Grum and T. Wightman, J. Tech. Assn. Pulp Paper Ind. 43, 400 (1960).

F. Grum, S. Saunders, and T. Wightman, J. Tech. Assn. Pulp Paper Ind. 53, 1264 (1970).

F. Grum and J. Patek, J. Tech. Assn. Pulp Paper Ind. 48, 357 (1965).

Hunter, R.

R. Hunter and W. Schramm, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 881 (1969).

R. Hunter, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 50, 44 (1960).

Jones, L. V.

R. D. Bock and L. V. Jones, Measurement and Prediction of Judgment and Choice (Holden—Day, New York, 1968), pp. 33–40.

MacAdam, D. L.

D. L. MacAdam, Appl. Opt. 10, 1 (1971).

Patek, J.

F. Grum and J. Patek, J. Tech. Assn. Pulp Paper Ind. 48, 357 (1965).

Rauchle, A.

A. Rauchle and W. Schramm, Textilveredlung 2, 719 (1967).

Saunders, S.

F. Grum, S. Saunders, and T. Wightman, J. Tech. Assn. Pulp Paper Ind. 53, 1264 (1970).

Schramm, W.

R. Hunter and W. Schramm, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 881 (1969).

A. Rauchle and W. Schramm, Textilveredlung 2, 719 (1967).

Stensby, P.

P. Stensby, Soap Chem. Spec. 43 (4), 41 (1967); Soap Chem. Spec. 43 (5), 84 (1967); Soap Chem. Spec. 43 (7), 80 (1967); Soap Chem. Spec. 43 (8), 94 (1967); Soap Chem. Spec. 43 (9), 96 (1967).

P. Stensby, J. Color and Appearance 2(1), 39 (1973).

Stiles, W. S.

G. Wyszecki and W. S. Stiles, Color Science (Wiley, New York, 1967), p. 436, Table 5.8.

Stultz, K. F.

K. F. Stultz (private communication).

Wightman, T.

F. Grum, S. Saunders, and T. Wightman, J. Tech. Assn. Pulp Paper Ind. 53, 1264 (1970).

F. Grum and T. Wightman, J. Tech. Assn. Pulp Paper Ind. 43, 400 (1960).

Wyszecki, G.

G. Wyszecki, Farbe 19, 43 (1970).

G. Wyszecki and W. S. Stiles, Color Science (Wiley, New York, 1967), p. 436, Table 5.8.

Other (19)

A. Berger, Farbe 8, 187 (1959).

R. Hunter, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 50, 44 (1960).

P. Stensby, Soap Chem. Spec. 43 (4), 41 (1967); Soap Chem. Spec. 43 (5), 84 (1967); Soap Chem. Spec. 43 (7), 80 (1967); Soap Chem. Spec. 43 (8), 94 (1967); Soap Chem. Spec. 43 (9), 96 (1967).

E. Ganz, J. Color and Appearance 1 (5), 33 (1972).

F. Grum and J. Patek, J. Tech. Assn. Pulp Paper Ind. 48, 357 (1965).

P. Stensby, J. Color and Appearance 2(1), 39 (1973).

R. Hunter and W. Schramm, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 881 (1969).

R. D. Bock and L. V. Jones, Measurement and Prediction of Judgment and Choice (Holden—Day, New York, 1968), pp. 33–40.

A. Berger, Farbe 8, 189 (1958).

L. F. C. Friele, Farbe 8, 171 (1959).

F. Grum and T. Wightman, J. Tech. Assn. Pulp Paper Ind. 43, 400 (1960).

F. Grum, S. Saunders, and T. Wightman, J. Tech. Assn. Pulp Paper Ind. 53, 1264 (1970).

G. Wyszecki, Farbe 19, 43 (1970).

G. Wyszecki and W. S. Stiles, Color Science (Wiley, New York, 1967), p. 436, Table 5.8.

K. F. Stultz (private communication).

B. H. Crawford, Vision Res. 5, 71 (1965).

D. L. MacAdam, Appl. Opt. 10, 1 (1971).

ISCC Subcommittee for Problem 18, Report in preparation.

A. Rauchle and W. Schramm, Textilveredlung 2, 719 (1967).

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