Abstract

The temperature variations of several dielectric and optical parameters of KD<sub>2</sub>PO<sub>4</sub> in the paraelectric phase above the Curie point are experimentally determined using an electron-beam-addressing technique. The results correlate well with the Curie-Weiss and electro-optical theories and the results of other researchers. The effects of these parameters on the performance of a KD<sub>2</sub>PO<sub>4</sub> light valve are discussed and experimental image qualities are evaluated. The existence of domains in clamped plates and an unexplained hysteresis in the transition temperature are also reported.

© 1974 Optical Society of America

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  1. W. Kanzig, Solid State Physics, Vol. 4, edited by F. Seitz and D. Turnbull (Academic, New York, 1957).
  2. B. Zwicker and P. Sherrer, Helv. Phys. Acta, 17, 346 (1944).
  3. T. R. Sliker and S. R. Burlage, J. Appl. Phys. 34, 1837 (1963).
  4. R. M. Hill and S. K. Ichiki, Phys. Rev. 130, 150 (1963).
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  8. G. Goetz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 63 (1970).
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  10. W. J. Poppelbaum, in Pictorial Pattern Recognition, edited by G. C. Cheng et al. (Thompson, New York, 1968), p. 387.
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  12. J. Ott and T. R. Sliker, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 54, 1442 (1964).
  13. F. Jona and G. Shirane, Ferroelectric Crystals (Macmillan, New York, 1962), Ch. III.
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  18. 18W. P. Mason, Piezoelectric Crystals and Their Applications to Ultrasonics (Van Nostrand, Princeton, N. J., 1964), Ch. VIII.
  19. H. Baumgartner, Helv. Phys. Acta 24, 326 (1951).
  20. W. Bantel, Helv. Phys. Acta 23, 373 (1942).
  21. G. Bush, Helv. Phys. Acta 11, 269 (1938).
  22. W. P. Mason, Phys. Rev. 69, 1973 (1946).
  23. R. J. Mayer and J. L. Bjorkstam, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 23, 619 (1962).
  24. G. Marie and J. Donjon, Proc. IEEE 61, 942 (1973).
  25. G. Marie, Philips Tech. Rev. 30, 292 (1969).
  26. N. Y. Amazaki and T. Ogawa, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 1407 (1966).
  27. R. A. Phillips, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 629 (1966).

Amazaki, N. Y.

N. Y. Amazaki and T. Ogawa, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 1407 (1966).

Bantel, W.

W. Bantel, Helv. Phys. Acta 23, 373 (1942).

Baumgartner, H.

H. Baumgartner, Helv. Phys. Acta 24, 326 (1951).

Billings, B.

B. Billings, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 39, 797 (1949).

Bjorkstam, J. L.

R. J. Mayer and J. L. Bjorkstam, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 23, 619 (1962).

Burlage, S. R.

T. R. Sliker and S. R. Burlage, J. Appl. Phys. 34, 1837 (1963).

Bush, G.

G. Bush, Helv. Phys. Acta 11, 269 (1938).

Caimi, F.

D. Casasent and F. Caimi, J. Vac. Sci. Tech. 10, 1102 (1973).

Casasent, D.

D. Casasent and F. Caimi, J. Vac. Sci. Tech. 10, 1102 (1973).

D. Casasent, IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 20, 1109 (1973).

D. Casasent, IEEE Trans. Comput. 22, 852 (1973).

Donjon, J.

G. Marie and J. Donjon, Proc. IEEE 61, 942 (1973).

Goetz, G.

G. Goetz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 63 (1970).

Harding, G. O.

I. P. Kaminow and G. O. Harding, Phys. Rev. 129, 15 (1963).

Hill, R. M.

R. M. Hill and S. K. Ichiki, Phys. Rev. 130, 150 (1963).

Ichiki, S. K.

R. M. Hill and S. K. Ichiki, Phys. Rev. 130, 150 (1963).

Jona, F.

F. Jona and G. Shirane, Ferroelectric Crystals (Macmillan, New York, 1962), Ch. III.

Kaminow, I. P.

I. P. Kaminow and G. O. Harding, Phys. Rev. 129, 15 (1963).

I. P. Kaminow, Phys. Rev. 138, A1539 (1965).

I. P. Kaminow and E. H. Turner, Proc. IEEE 54, 1374 (1966).

Kanzig, W.

W. Kanzig, Solid State Physics, Vol. 4, edited by F. Seitz and D. Turnbull (Academic, New York, 1957).

Marie, G.

G. Marie, Philips Res. Rep. 22, 110 (1967).

G. Marie and J. Donjon, Proc. IEEE 61, 942 (1973).

G. Marie, Philips Tech. Rev. 30, 292 (1969).

Mason, W. P.

18W. P. Mason, Piezoelectric Crystals and Their Applications to Ultrasonics (Van Nostrand, Princeton, N. J., 1964), Ch. VIII.

W. P. Mason, Phys. Rev. 69, 1973 (1946).

Mayer, R. J.

R. J. Mayer and J. L. Bjorkstam, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 23, 619 (1962).

Ogawa, T.

N. Y. Amazaki and T. Ogawa, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 1407 (1966).

Ott, J.

J. Ott and T. R. Sliker, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 54, 1442 (1964).

Phillips, R. A.

R. A. Phillips, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 629 (1966).

Poppelbaum, W. J.

W. J. Poppelbaum, in Pictorial Pattern Recognition, edited by G. C. Cheng et al. (Thompson, New York, 1968), p. 387.

Salvo, C.

C. Salvo, IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 18, 748 (1971).

Sherrer, P.

B. Zwicker and P. Sherrer, Helv. Phys. Acta, 17, 346 (1944).

Shirane, G.

F. Jona and G. Shirane, Ferroelectric Crystals (Macmillan, New York, 1962), Ch. III.

Sliker, T. R.

T. R. Sliker and S. R. Burlage, J. Appl. Phys. 34, 1837 (1963).

J. Ott and T. R. Sliker, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 54, 1442 (1964).

Turner, E. H.

I. P. Kaminow and E. H. Turner, Proc. IEEE 54, 1374 (1966).

Zwicker, B.

B. Zwicker and P. Sherrer, Helv. Phys. Acta, 17, 346 (1944).

Other (27)

W. Kanzig, Solid State Physics, Vol. 4, edited by F. Seitz and D. Turnbull (Academic, New York, 1957).

B. Zwicker and P. Sherrer, Helv. Phys. Acta, 17, 346 (1944).

T. R. Sliker and S. R. Burlage, J. Appl. Phys. 34, 1837 (1963).

R. M. Hill and S. K. Ichiki, Phys. Rev. 130, 150 (1963).

I. P. Kaminow and G. O. Harding, Phys. Rev. 129, 15 (1963).

G. Marie, Philips Res. Rep. 22, 110 (1967).

D. Casasent, IEEE Trans. Comput. 22, 852 (1973).

G. Goetz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 63 (1970).

C. Salvo, IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 18, 748 (1971).

W. J. Poppelbaum, in Pictorial Pattern Recognition, edited by G. C. Cheng et al. (Thompson, New York, 1968), p. 387.

B. Billings, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 39, 797 (1949).

J. Ott and T. R. Sliker, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 54, 1442 (1964).

F. Jona and G. Shirane, Ferroelectric Crystals (Macmillan, New York, 1962), Ch. III.

I. P. Kaminow and E. H. Turner, Proc. IEEE 54, 1374 (1966).

D. Casasent, IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 20, 1109 (1973).

I. P. Kaminow, Phys. Rev. 138, A1539 (1965).

D. Casasent and F. Caimi, J. Vac. Sci. Tech. 10, 1102 (1973).

18W. P. Mason, Piezoelectric Crystals and Their Applications to Ultrasonics (Van Nostrand, Princeton, N. J., 1964), Ch. VIII.

H. Baumgartner, Helv. Phys. Acta 24, 326 (1951).

W. Bantel, Helv. Phys. Acta 23, 373 (1942).

G. Bush, Helv. Phys. Acta 11, 269 (1938).

W. P. Mason, Phys. Rev. 69, 1973 (1946).

R. J. Mayer and J. L. Bjorkstam, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 23, 619 (1962).

G. Marie and J. Donjon, Proc. IEEE 61, 942 (1973).

G. Marie, Philips Tech. Rev. 30, 292 (1969).

N. Y. Amazaki and T. Ogawa, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 1407 (1966).

R. A. Phillips, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 629 (1966).

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