Abstract

A vector method has been developed for tracing rays through gratings formed by (i) the intersection of a surface with parallel planes, (ii) the intersection of a surface with concentric cylinders, and (iii) holographic means. The equations are in a form that prevent indeterminancy due to unusual ray–surface intersection points, and arbitrary orientation of the ruling direction is permitted. A special provision permits the inclusion of ruling errors into the ray trace, if required.

© 1973 Optical Society of America

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Equations (32)

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