Abstract

A new technique (speckle interferometry) has been developed by Gezari, Labeyrie, and Stachnik, which allows the measurement of stellar diameters from a series of photographs obtained from large-aperture ground-based telescopes. The series of photographs is processed to obtain the Weiner spectrum of the photographic image, i.e., the ensemble-averaged modulus-squared Fourier transform obtained from the series of images. Gezari, Labeyrie, and Stachnik have measured stellar diameters as small as 0″.05, about 20 times betterthan is usually possible. In this paper, mathematical expressions are obtained for the Wiener spectrum of the image of a point source. As is well known, the Wiener spectrum of the image of an extended, incoherently radiating object, is expressible as a product of this point-source spectrum and the object spectrum. Calculations are performed using the Rytov approximation and assuming that the underlying atmospheric turbulence is describable by a Kolmogorov spectrum. Asymptotic closed-form expressions are obtained for angular frequencies much less than, and much greater than, the conventional seeing limit. In the latter case, the Wiener spectrum is found to be proportional to the optical transfer function.

PDF Article

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription