Abstract

The vapor pressure of rubidium was determined in the neighborhood of 330 K from measurements of optical absorption of the resonance lines. A narrow-line source was used and a full analysis of the line profiles was done. Measurements of resonance-broadening depolarization give another check on the Rb vapor pressure in the 430-K range, assuming that theoretical cross section is correct. The results are very close to the analytic compromise previously suggested by Nesemeyanov.

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  1. R. Hull and L. Bradley, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 57, 11 (1967).
  2. H. Kostkowski and A. Bass, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 46, 1060 (1956).
  3. H. Gibbs and R. Hull, Phys. Rev. 153, 132 (1967).
  4. M. H. Ornstein and R. N. Zare, Phys. Rev. 181, 214 (1969).
  5. N. Ioli, F. Strumia, and A. Moretti, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 1251 (1971).
  6. M. Rozwadowski and E. Lipworth, J. Chem. Phys. 43, 2347 (1965).
  7. S. M. Jarrett and P. A. Franken, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 55, 1603 (1965).
  8. S. M. Jarrett, Phys. Rev. 133, 111 (1964).
  9. See Figs. 19–21 of Ref. 3 for a comparison of the observed and calculated spectrums.
  10. Figures 19 and 20 of Ref. 3, Fig. 2 of Ref. 7, Figs. 2 and 3 of Ref. 6, Figs. 2 and 3 of Ref. 7. The large component-intensity anomaly is the indicator of serious self-reversal in the last two cases.
  11. J. M. Vaughan, Phys. Rev. 166, 13 (1968).
  12. W. E. Bell, A. L. Bloom, and J. Lynch, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 32, 688 (1961).
  13. B. Bederson and V. Jaccarino, Phys. Rev. 87, 228 (1952).
  14. B. Senitzky and I. I. Rabi, Phys. Rev. 103, 315 (1956).
  15. E. L. Lewis and D. N. Stacey, in Proceedings of the International Conference on Optical Pumping and Atomic Line Shape (Panstwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe, Warsaw, 1968), p. 123.
  16. E. L. Lewis, M. M. Rebbeck, and J. M. Vaughan, J. Phys. B 4, 741 (1971).
  17. A. G. Mitchell and M. W. Zemansky, Resonance Radiation and Excited Atoms (Cambridge U. P., Cambridge, 1961). See pp. 99–101.
  18. R. W. Schmieder, A. Lurio, W. Happer, and A. Khadjavi, Phys. Rev. A 2, 1216 (1970); S. Svanberg and S. Rydberg, Z. Phys. 227, 216 (1969); A. Gallagher, Phys. Rev. 157, 68 (1967); J. K. Link, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 1195 (1966).
  19. T. J. Killian, Phys. Rev. 27, 458 (1926).
  20. D. H. Scott, Philos. Mag. 47, 32 (1924).
  21. R. W. Ditchburn and J. C. Gilmour, Rev. Mod. Phys. 13, 310 (1941).
  22. A. N. Nesemeyanov, Vapor Pressures of the Chemical Elements (Elsevier, New York, 1963).

Bass, A.

H. Kostkowski and A. Bass, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 46, 1060 (1956).

Bederson, B.

B. Bederson and V. Jaccarino, Phys. Rev. 87, 228 (1952).

Bell, W. E.

W. E. Bell, A. L. Bloom, and J. Lynch, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 32, 688 (1961).

Bloom, A. L.

W. E. Bell, A. L. Bloom, and J. Lynch, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 32, 688 (1961).

Bradley, L.

R. Hull and L. Bradley, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 57, 11 (1967).

Ditchburn, R. W.

R. W. Ditchburn and J. C. Gilmour, Rev. Mod. Phys. 13, 310 (1941).

Franken, P. A.

S. M. Jarrett and P. A. Franken, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 55, 1603 (1965).

Gibbs, H.

H. Gibbs and R. Hull, Phys. Rev. 153, 132 (1967).

Gilmour, J. C.

R. W. Ditchburn and J. C. Gilmour, Rev. Mod. Phys. 13, 310 (1941).

Happer, W.

R. W. Schmieder, A. Lurio, W. Happer, and A. Khadjavi, Phys. Rev. A 2, 1216 (1970); S. Svanberg and S. Rydberg, Z. Phys. 227, 216 (1969); A. Gallagher, Phys. Rev. 157, 68 (1967); J. K. Link, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 1195 (1966).

Hull, R.

H. Gibbs and R. Hull, Phys. Rev. 153, 132 (1967).

R. Hull and L. Bradley, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 57, 11 (1967).

Ioli, N.

N. Ioli, F. Strumia, and A. Moretti, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 1251 (1971).

Jaccarino, V.

B. Bederson and V. Jaccarino, Phys. Rev. 87, 228 (1952).

Jarrett, S. M.

S. M. Jarrett and P. A. Franken, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 55, 1603 (1965).

S. M. Jarrett, Phys. Rev. 133, 111 (1964).

Khadjavi, A.

R. W. Schmieder, A. Lurio, W. Happer, and A. Khadjavi, Phys. Rev. A 2, 1216 (1970); S. Svanberg and S. Rydberg, Z. Phys. 227, 216 (1969); A. Gallagher, Phys. Rev. 157, 68 (1967); J. K. Link, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 1195 (1966).

Killian, T. J.

T. J. Killian, Phys. Rev. 27, 458 (1926).

Kostkowski, H.

H. Kostkowski and A. Bass, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 46, 1060 (1956).

Lewis, E. L.

E. L. Lewis and D. N. Stacey, in Proceedings of the International Conference on Optical Pumping and Atomic Line Shape (Panstwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe, Warsaw, 1968), p. 123.

E. L. Lewis, M. M. Rebbeck, and J. M. Vaughan, J. Phys. B 4, 741 (1971).

Lipworth, E.

M. Rozwadowski and E. Lipworth, J. Chem. Phys. 43, 2347 (1965).

Lurio, A.

R. W. Schmieder, A. Lurio, W. Happer, and A. Khadjavi, Phys. Rev. A 2, 1216 (1970); S. Svanberg and S. Rydberg, Z. Phys. 227, 216 (1969); A. Gallagher, Phys. Rev. 157, 68 (1967); J. K. Link, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 1195 (1966).

Lynch, J.

W. E. Bell, A. L. Bloom, and J. Lynch, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 32, 688 (1961).

Mitchell, A. G.

A. G. Mitchell and M. W. Zemansky, Resonance Radiation and Excited Atoms (Cambridge U. P., Cambridge, 1961). See pp. 99–101.

Moretti, A.

N. Ioli, F. Strumia, and A. Moretti, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 1251 (1971).

Nesemeyanov, A. N.

A. N. Nesemeyanov, Vapor Pressures of the Chemical Elements (Elsevier, New York, 1963).

Ornstein, M. H.

M. H. Ornstein and R. N. Zare, Phys. Rev. 181, 214 (1969).

Rabi, I. I.

B. Senitzky and I. I. Rabi, Phys. Rev. 103, 315 (1956).

Rebbeck, M. M.

E. L. Lewis, M. M. Rebbeck, and J. M. Vaughan, J. Phys. B 4, 741 (1971).

Rozwadowski, M.

M. Rozwadowski and E. Lipworth, J. Chem. Phys. 43, 2347 (1965).

Schmieder, R. W.

R. W. Schmieder, A. Lurio, W. Happer, and A. Khadjavi, Phys. Rev. A 2, 1216 (1970); S. Svanberg and S. Rydberg, Z. Phys. 227, 216 (1969); A. Gallagher, Phys. Rev. 157, 68 (1967); J. K. Link, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 1195 (1966).

Scott, D. H.

D. H. Scott, Philos. Mag. 47, 32 (1924).

Senitzky, B.

B. Senitzky and I. I. Rabi, Phys. Rev. 103, 315 (1956).

Stacey, D. N.

E. L. Lewis and D. N. Stacey, in Proceedings of the International Conference on Optical Pumping and Atomic Line Shape (Panstwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe, Warsaw, 1968), p. 123.

Strumia, F.

N. Ioli, F. Strumia, and A. Moretti, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 1251 (1971).

Vaughan, J. M.

J. M. Vaughan, Phys. Rev. 166, 13 (1968).

E. L. Lewis, M. M. Rebbeck, and J. M. Vaughan, J. Phys. B 4, 741 (1971).

Zare, R. N.

M. H. Ornstein and R. N. Zare, Phys. Rev. 181, 214 (1969).

Zemansky, M. W.

A. G. Mitchell and M. W. Zemansky, Resonance Radiation and Excited Atoms (Cambridge U. P., Cambridge, 1961). See pp. 99–101.

Other

R. Hull and L. Bradley, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 57, 11 (1967).

H. Kostkowski and A. Bass, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 46, 1060 (1956).

H. Gibbs and R. Hull, Phys. Rev. 153, 132 (1967).

M. H. Ornstein and R. N. Zare, Phys. Rev. 181, 214 (1969).

N. Ioli, F. Strumia, and A. Moretti, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 1251 (1971).

M. Rozwadowski and E. Lipworth, J. Chem. Phys. 43, 2347 (1965).

S. M. Jarrett and P. A. Franken, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 55, 1603 (1965).

S. M. Jarrett, Phys. Rev. 133, 111 (1964).

See Figs. 19–21 of Ref. 3 for a comparison of the observed and calculated spectrums.

Figures 19 and 20 of Ref. 3, Fig. 2 of Ref. 7, Figs. 2 and 3 of Ref. 6, Figs. 2 and 3 of Ref. 7. The large component-intensity anomaly is the indicator of serious self-reversal in the last two cases.

J. M. Vaughan, Phys. Rev. 166, 13 (1968).

W. E. Bell, A. L. Bloom, and J. Lynch, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 32, 688 (1961).

B. Bederson and V. Jaccarino, Phys. Rev. 87, 228 (1952).

B. Senitzky and I. I. Rabi, Phys. Rev. 103, 315 (1956).

E. L. Lewis and D. N. Stacey, in Proceedings of the International Conference on Optical Pumping and Atomic Line Shape (Panstwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe, Warsaw, 1968), p. 123.

E. L. Lewis, M. M. Rebbeck, and J. M. Vaughan, J. Phys. B 4, 741 (1971).

A. G. Mitchell and M. W. Zemansky, Resonance Radiation and Excited Atoms (Cambridge U. P., Cambridge, 1961). See pp. 99–101.

R. W. Schmieder, A. Lurio, W. Happer, and A. Khadjavi, Phys. Rev. A 2, 1216 (1970); S. Svanberg and S. Rydberg, Z. Phys. 227, 216 (1969); A. Gallagher, Phys. Rev. 157, 68 (1967); J. K. Link, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 1195 (1966).

T. J. Killian, Phys. Rev. 27, 458 (1926).

D. H. Scott, Philos. Mag. 47, 32 (1924).

R. W. Ditchburn and J. C. Gilmour, Rev. Mod. Phys. 13, 310 (1941).

A. N. Nesemeyanov, Vapor Pressures of the Chemical Elements (Elsevier, New York, 1963).

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