Abstract

The influence of the corneal shape on the quality of the retinal image has been studied. We have distinguished between the role of the cornea and that of the crystalline lens; the wave surface behind the cornea was determined. First, the corneal topology was measured by photographic keratometry. Then, for the same subject, the spherical aberration of the eye was determined by the Foucault knife-edge test. The shapes of the anterior and posterior surfaces of the crystalline lens have been determined from experimental data.

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  1. Y. Le Grand, C.R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 215, 547 (1942).
  2. G. Jurin, cited in R. Smith, A Compleat System bf Optics and Harmonics (Thurlbourn, Cambridge, 1738–1748).
  3. T. Young, A Course of Lectures on Natural Philosophy and the Mechanical Arts (Johnson, London, 1807).
  4. A. Volkmann, Neue Beitrage zur Physiologie des Gesichtssinnes (Breitkopf and Hartel, Leipzig, 1836).
  5. L. Matthiessen, C.R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 24, 875 (1847).
  6. M. H. E. Tscherning, Optique Physiologique (Carré et Naud, Paris, 1898).
  7. A. Gullstrand, Ber. Klin. Mbl. Aug. 13, 183 (1911).
  8. G. Ames and R. Proctor, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 5, 22 (1921).
  9. A. Arnulf, F. Flamant, and M. Françon, Rev. Opt. Theor. Instrum. 27, 741 (1948).
  10. G. Von Bahr, Acta Ophthalmol. 23, 1 (1945).
  11. A. Ivanoff, Ann. Opt. Ocul. 2, 97 (1953).
  12. R. Jackson, Trans. Am. Ophthalmol. Soc. 5, 141 (1888).
  13. H. T. Pi, Trans. Ophthalmol. Soc. U.K. 45, 393 (1925).
  14. H. Stine, Am. J. Ophthalmol. 13, 101 (1930).
  15. M. Coates, Dioptric Rev. 1, 127 (1940); Dioptric Rev. 2, 102 (1941).
  16. T. Jenkins, Brit. J. Physiol. Opt. 20, 59 (1963).
  17. A. Arnulf and O. Dupuy, Rev. Opt. Theor. Instrum. 39, 5 (1960).
  18. S. G. El Hage, C.R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 270, 3299 (1970).
  19. F. Berny, Thèse de Docteur-ingenieur, University of Paris (1968).
  20. S. G. El Hage, Am. J. Optom. 49, 5 (1972).
  21. A. Maréchal and M. Françon, Diffraction, Structure des Images; Influence de la Cohérence de la Lumiere (ed. Rev. Opt., Paris, 1960).
  22. A. Angot, Complément de Mathematique a l'Usage des Ingénieurs de l'Electrotechnique et de Télécommunication (ed. Rev. Opt., Paris, 1965).
  23. Y. Le Grand, Optique Physiologique, La Dioptrique de l'Oeil et sa Correction (ed. Rev. Opt., Paris, 1965).
  24. Y. Le Grand, Optique Physiologique, l'Espace Visuel (ed. Rev. Opt., Paris, 1956).

1972

S. G. El Hage, Am. J. Optom. 49, 5 (1972).

1970

S. G. El Hage, C.R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 270, 3299 (1970).

1968

F. Berny, Thèse de Docteur-ingenieur, University of Paris (1968).

1963

T. Jenkins, Brit. J. Physiol. Opt. 20, 59 (1963).

1960

A. Arnulf and O. Dupuy, Rev. Opt. Theor. Instrum. 39, 5 (1960).

1953

A. Ivanoff, Ann. Opt. Ocul. 2, 97 (1953).

1948

A. Arnulf, F. Flamant, and M. Françon, Rev. Opt. Theor. Instrum. 27, 741 (1948).

1945

G. Von Bahr, Acta Ophthalmol. 23, 1 (1945).

1942

Y. Le Grand, C.R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 215, 547 (1942).

1940

M. Coates, Dioptric Rev. 1, 127 (1940); Dioptric Rev. 2, 102 (1941).

1930

H. Stine, Am. J. Ophthalmol. 13, 101 (1930).

1925

H. T. Pi, Trans. Ophthalmol. Soc. U.K. 45, 393 (1925).

1921

G. Ames and R. Proctor, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 5, 22 (1921).

1911

A. Gullstrand, Ber. Klin. Mbl. Aug. 13, 183 (1911).

1888

R. Jackson, Trans. Am. Ophthalmol. Soc. 5, 141 (1888).

1847

L. Matthiessen, C.R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 24, 875 (1847).

Ames, G.

G. Ames and R. Proctor, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 5, 22 (1921).

Angot, A.

A. Angot, Complément de Mathematique a l'Usage des Ingénieurs de l'Electrotechnique et de Télécommunication (ed. Rev. Opt., Paris, 1965).

Arnulf, A.

A. Arnulf and O. Dupuy, Rev. Opt. Theor. Instrum. 39, 5 (1960).

A. Arnulf, F. Flamant, and M. Françon, Rev. Opt. Theor. Instrum. 27, 741 (1948).

Berny, F.

F. Berny, Thèse de Docteur-ingenieur, University of Paris (1968).

Coates, M.

M. Coates, Dioptric Rev. 1, 127 (1940); Dioptric Rev. 2, 102 (1941).

Dupuy, O.

A. Arnulf and O. Dupuy, Rev. Opt. Theor. Instrum. 39, 5 (1960).

Flamant, F.

A. Arnulf, F. Flamant, and M. Françon, Rev. Opt. Theor. Instrum. 27, 741 (1948).

Françon, M.

A. Arnulf, F. Flamant, and M. Françon, Rev. Opt. Theor. Instrum. 27, 741 (1948).

A. Maréchal and M. Françon, Diffraction, Structure des Images; Influence de la Cohérence de la Lumiere (ed. Rev. Opt., Paris, 1960).

Grand, Y. Le

Y. Le Grand, C.R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 215, 547 (1942).

Y. Le Grand, Optique Physiologique, l'Espace Visuel (ed. Rev. Opt., Paris, 1956).

Y. Le Grand, Optique Physiologique, La Dioptrique de l'Oeil et sa Correction (ed. Rev. Opt., Paris, 1965).

Gullstrand, A.

A. Gullstrand, Ber. Klin. Mbl. Aug. 13, 183 (1911).

Hage, S. G. El

S. G. El Hage, Am. J. Optom. 49, 5 (1972).

S. G. El Hage, C.R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 270, 3299 (1970).

Ivanoff, A.

A. Ivanoff, Ann. Opt. Ocul. 2, 97 (1953).

Jackson, R.

R. Jackson, Trans. Am. Ophthalmol. Soc. 5, 141 (1888).

Jenkins, T.

T. Jenkins, Brit. J. Physiol. Opt. 20, 59 (1963).

Jurin, G.

G. Jurin, cited in R. Smith, A Compleat System bf Optics and Harmonics (Thurlbourn, Cambridge, 1738–1748).

Maréchal, A.

A. Maréchal and M. Françon, Diffraction, Structure des Images; Influence de la Cohérence de la Lumiere (ed. Rev. Opt., Paris, 1960).

Matthiessen, L.

L. Matthiessen, C.R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 24, 875 (1847).

Pi, H. T.

H. T. Pi, Trans. Ophthalmol. Soc. U.K. 45, 393 (1925).

Proctor, R.

G. Ames and R. Proctor, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 5, 22 (1921).

Stine, H.

H. Stine, Am. J. Ophthalmol. 13, 101 (1930).

Tscherning, M. H. E.

M. H. E. Tscherning, Optique Physiologique (Carré et Naud, Paris, 1898).

Volkmann, A.

A. Volkmann, Neue Beitrage zur Physiologie des Gesichtssinnes (Breitkopf and Hartel, Leipzig, 1836).

Von Bahr, G.

G. Von Bahr, Acta Ophthalmol. 23, 1 (1945).

Young, T.

T. Young, A Course of Lectures on Natural Philosophy and the Mechanical Arts (Johnson, London, 1807).

Other

Y. Le Grand, C.R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 215, 547 (1942).

G. Jurin, cited in R. Smith, A Compleat System bf Optics and Harmonics (Thurlbourn, Cambridge, 1738–1748).

T. Young, A Course of Lectures on Natural Philosophy and the Mechanical Arts (Johnson, London, 1807).

A. Volkmann, Neue Beitrage zur Physiologie des Gesichtssinnes (Breitkopf and Hartel, Leipzig, 1836).

L. Matthiessen, C.R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 24, 875 (1847).

M. H. E. Tscherning, Optique Physiologique (Carré et Naud, Paris, 1898).

A. Gullstrand, Ber. Klin. Mbl. Aug. 13, 183 (1911).

G. Ames and R. Proctor, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 5, 22 (1921).

A. Arnulf, F. Flamant, and M. Françon, Rev. Opt. Theor. Instrum. 27, 741 (1948).

G. Von Bahr, Acta Ophthalmol. 23, 1 (1945).

A. Ivanoff, Ann. Opt. Ocul. 2, 97 (1953).

R. Jackson, Trans. Am. Ophthalmol. Soc. 5, 141 (1888).

H. T. Pi, Trans. Ophthalmol. Soc. U.K. 45, 393 (1925).

H. Stine, Am. J. Ophthalmol. 13, 101 (1930).

M. Coates, Dioptric Rev. 1, 127 (1940); Dioptric Rev. 2, 102 (1941).

T. Jenkins, Brit. J. Physiol. Opt. 20, 59 (1963).

A. Arnulf and O. Dupuy, Rev. Opt. Theor. Instrum. 39, 5 (1960).

S. G. El Hage, C.R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 270, 3299 (1970).

F. Berny, Thèse de Docteur-ingenieur, University of Paris (1968).

S. G. El Hage, Am. J. Optom. 49, 5 (1972).

A. Maréchal and M. Françon, Diffraction, Structure des Images; Influence de la Cohérence de la Lumiere (ed. Rev. Opt., Paris, 1960).

A. Angot, Complément de Mathematique a l'Usage des Ingénieurs de l'Electrotechnique et de Télécommunication (ed. Rev. Opt., Paris, 1965).

Y. Le Grand, Optique Physiologique, La Dioptrique de l'Oeil et sa Correction (ed. Rev. Opt., Paris, 1965).

Y. Le Grand, Optique Physiologique, l'Espace Visuel (ed. Rev. Opt., Paris, 1956).

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