Abstract

Photodetection by the individual rhabdomeres of the worker-bee photoreceptor (rhabdom) is analyzed by use of electromagnetic theory. The analysis takes full account of the rhabdom’s anisotropic absorption properties. We find, by coupled-mode theory, that only certain modes of a lossless symmetric rhabdom are stable on the lossy rhabdom. Furthermore, the fine structure of the rhabdom (a) enhances the detection of certain modes, whereas it discriminates against others, (b) acts as a polarization detection mechanism, and (c) provides information about the direction of incoming light.

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  1. E. Snitzer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 51, 1122 (1961).
  2. J. Enoch, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 53, 71 (1963).
  3. F. G. Varela and W. Wiitanen, J. Gen. Physiol. 55, 336 (1970).
  4. A. W. Snyder and W. H. Miller, Vision Res. 12, 1389 (1972).
  5. A. W. Snyder and P. A. V. Hall, Nature 223, 526 (1969).
  6. A. W. Snyder, Z. Vergl. Physiol. 76, 438 (1972).
  7. A. W. Snyder, University of London, Ph.D. thesis, 1966.
  8. F. G. Varela and K. R. Porter, J. Ultrastruct. Res. 29, 236 (1969).
  9. S. R. Shaw, Vision Res. 9, 999 (1969).
  10. S. R. Shaw, Vision Res. 9, 1031 (1969).
  11. A. W. Snyder, IEEE Trans. MTT-19, 720 (1971).
  12. A. W. Snyder, IEEE Trans. MTT-17, 1130 (1969).
  13. F. G. Gribakin, Nature 223, 634 (1969).
  14. W. H. Louisell, Coupled Mode and Parametric Electronics (Wiley, New York, 1960).
  15. A. W. Snyder, IEEE Trans. MTT-9, 608 (1970).
  16. D. Marcuse and R. M. Derosier, Bell. System Tech. J. 48, 3217 (1969).
  17. K. V. Frisch, Thle Dance Language and Orientation of Bees (Harvard U. P., Cambridge, Mass., 1967).
  18. S. B. Laughlin and G. A. Horridge, Z. Vergl. Physiol. 74, 329 (1971).
  19. A. W. Snyder, IEEE Trans. MTT-17, 1138 (1969).
  20. A. W. Snyder, Electron. Letters (London) 7, 105 (1971).

Derosier, R. M.

D. Marcuse and R. M. Derosier, Bell. System Tech. J. 48, 3217 (1969).

Enoch, J.

J. Enoch, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 53, 71 (1963).

Frisch, K. V.

K. V. Frisch, Thle Dance Language and Orientation of Bees (Harvard U. P., Cambridge, Mass., 1967).

Gribakin, F. G.

F. G. Gribakin, Nature 223, 634 (1969).

Hall, P. A. V.

A. W. Snyder and P. A. V. Hall, Nature 223, 526 (1969).

Horridge, G. A.

S. B. Laughlin and G. A. Horridge, Z. Vergl. Physiol. 74, 329 (1971).

Laughlin, S. B.

S. B. Laughlin and G. A. Horridge, Z. Vergl. Physiol. 74, 329 (1971).

Louisell, W. H.

W. H. Louisell, Coupled Mode and Parametric Electronics (Wiley, New York, 1960).

Marcuse, D.

D. Marcuse and R. M. Derosier, Bell. System Tech. J. 48, 3217 (1969).

Miller, W. H.

A. W. Snyder and W. H. Miller, Vision Res. 12, 1389 (1972).

Porter, K. R.

F. G. Varela and K. R. Porter, J. Ultrastruct. Res. 29, 236 (1969).

Shaw, S. R.

S. R. Shaw, Vision Res. 9, 999 (1969).

S. R. Shaw, Vision Res. 9, 1031 (1969).

Snitzer, E.

E. Snitzer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 51, 1122 (1961).

Snyder, A. W.

A. W. Snyder and W. H. Miller, Vision Res. 12, 1389 (1972).

A. W. Snyder, Z. Vergl. Physiol. 76, 438 (1972).

A. W. Snyder, University of London, Ph.D. thesis, 1966.

A. W. Snyder, IEEE Trans. MTT-19, 720 (1971).

A. W. Snyder, IEEE Trans. MTT-17, 1130 (1969).

A. W. Snyder and P. A. V. Hall, Nature 223, 526 (1969).

A. W. Snyder, IEEE Trans. MTT-9, 608 (1970).

A. W. Snyder, IEEE Trans. MTT-17, 1138 (1969).

A. W. Snyder, Electron. Letters (London) 7, 105 (1971).

Varela, F. G.

F. G. Varela and K. R. Porter, J. Ultrastruct. Res. 29, 236 (1969).

F. G. Varela and W. Wiitanen, J. Gen. Physiol. 55, 336 (1970).

Wiitanen, W.

F. G. Varela and W. Wiitanen, J. Gen. Physiol. 55, 336 (1970).

Other (20)

E. Snitzer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 51, 1122 (1961).

J. Enoch, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 53, 71 (1963).

F. G. Varela and W. Wiitanen, J. Gen. Physiol. 55, 336 (1970).

A. W. Snyder and W. H. Miller, Vision Res. 12, 1389 (1972).

A. W. Snyder and P. A. V. Hall, Nature 223, 526 (1969).

A. W. Snyder, Z. Vergl. Physiol. 76, 438 (1972).

A. W. Snyder, University of London, Ph.D. thesis, 1966.

F. G. Varela and K. R. Porter, J. Ultrastruct. Res. 29, 236 (1969).

S. R. Shaw, Vision Res. 9, 999 (1969).

S. R. Shaw, Vision Res. 9, 1031 (1969).

A. W. Snyder, IEEE Trans. MTT-19, 720 (1971).

A. W. Snyder, IEEE Trans. MTT-17, 1130 (1969).

F. G. Gribakin, Nature 223, 634 (1969).

W. H. Louisell, Coupled Mode and Parametric Electronics (Wiley, New York, 1960).

A. W. Snyder, IEEE Trans. MTT-9, 608 (1970).

D. Marcuse and R. M. Derosier, Bell. System Tech. J. 48, 3217 (1969).

K. V. Frisch, Thle Dance Language and Orientation of Bees (Harvard U. P., Cambridge, Mass., 1967).

S. B. Laughlin and G. A. Horridge, Z. Vergl. Physiol. 74, 329 (1971).

A. W. Snyder, IEEE Trans. MTT-17, 1138 (1969).

A. W. Snyder, Electron. Letters (London) 7, 105 (1971).

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