Abstract

Light from an incoherently radiating object and background light are focused onto a photosensitive mosaic, the currents from whose elements constitute the data on which is based a least-squares linear estimate of the radiance at points in the object. By comparison of the mean-square error with that given by Wiener filtering theory, the equivalent noise spectral density for use in the latter is shown to consist of a shot-noise term and a term due to the random fluctuations of the incoherent light; the former predominates under most circumstances. Turbulent distortion of the image after passage of the rays through a random-phase screen is also treated from this standpoint.

© 1972 Optical Society of America

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