Abstract

The spectral power distribution of white light required to maximize luminous efficiency and the colorrendering index is approximated by additive combination of three spectral lines near 450, 540, and 610 nm. The two wavelength regions near 500 and 580 nm are disadvantageous. These results are related to the colormixture functions of human color vision. Three functions that indicate the effectiveness of red, green, and blue light for composing high-performance white light are shown.

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  1. "IES Subcommittee on Color Rendering," Illum. Engr. 57, 471 (1962); Comm. Intern. de l'Eclairage (CIE), Publ. CIE No. 13 (E-1.3.2.), Bur. Central de la CIE, 57, rue Cuvier, Paris, France (1965).
  2. D. L. MacAdam, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 40, 120 (1950).
  3. H. W. Leverenz, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 30, 309 (1940).
  4. H. F Ivey, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 53, 1185 (1963).
  5. W. D. Wright, Trans. Opt. Soc. (London) 30, 141 (1928).
  6. W. D. Wright, Researches on Normal and Defective Color Vision (Kimpton, London, 1946).
  7. J. M. Enoch and W. S. Stiles, Opt. Acta 8, 329 (1961).
  8. W. D. Wright and F. H. G. Pitt, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 46, 459 (1934).
  9. L. M. Hurvich and D. Jameson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 45, 602 (1955).
  10. E. Q. Adams, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 32, 168 (1942).
  11. J. L. Ouweltjes, Die Farbe 9, 207 (1960).
  12. B. T. Barnes, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 1124 (1957).
  13. B. H. Crawford, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 49, 1147 (1959).
  14. D. B. Judd, in Handbook of Experimental Psychology, edited by S. S. Stevens (Wiley, New York, 1951), p. 831.
  15. Handbook of Colorimetry (Technology Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1936), p. 35.
  16. A. Wachtel (private communication).

Adams, E. Q.

E. Q. Adams, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 32, 168 (1942).

Barnes, B. T.

B. T. Barnes, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 1124 (1957).

Crawford, B. H.

B. H. Crawford, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 49, 1147 (1959).

Enoch, J. M.

J. M. Enoch and W. S. Stiles, Opt. Acta 8, 329 (1961).

Hurvich, L. M.

L. M. Hurvich and D. Jameson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 45, 602 (1955).

Ivey, H. F

H. F Ivey, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 53, 1185 (1963).

Jameson, D.

L. M. Hurvich and D. Jameson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 45, 602 (1955).

Judd, D. B.

D. B. Judd, in Handbook of Experimental Psychology, edited by S. S. Stevens (Wiley, New York, 1951), p. 831.

Leverenz, H. W.

H. W. Leverenz, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 30, 309 (1940).

MacAdam, D. L.

D. L. MacAdam, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 40, 120 (1950).

Ouweltjes, J. L.

J. L. Ouweltjes, Die Farbe 9, 207 (1960).

Pitt, F. H. G.

W. D. Wright and F. H. G. Pitt, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 46, 459 (1934).

Stiles, W. S.

J. M. Enoch and W. S. Stiles, Opt. Acta 8, 329 (1961).

Wachtel, A.

A. Wachtel (private communication).

Wright, W. D.

W. D. Wright and F. H. G. Pitt, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 46, 459 (1934).

W. D. Wright, Trans. Opt. Soc. (London) 30, 141 (1928).

W. D. Wright, Researches on Normal and Defective Color Vision (Kimpton, London, 1946).

Other (16)

"IES Subcommittee on Color Rendering," Illum. Engr. 57, 471 (1962); Comm. Intern. de l'Eclairage (CIE), Publ. CIE No. 13 (E-1.3.2.), Bur. Central de la CIE, 57, rue Cuvier, Paris, France (1965).

D. L. MacAdam, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 40, 120 (1950).

H. W. Leverenz, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 30, 309 (1940).

H. F Ivey, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 53, 1185 (1963).

W. D. Wright, Trans. Opt. Soc. (London) 30, 141 (1928).

W. D. Wright, Researches on Normal and Defective Color Vision (Kimpton, London, 1946).

J. M. Enoch and W. S. Stiles, Opt. Acta 8, 329 (1961).

W. D. Wright and F. H. G. Pitt, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 46, 459 (1934).

L. M. Hurvich and D. Jameson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 45, 602 (1955).

E. Q. Adams, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 32, 168 (1942).

J. L. Ouweltjes, Die Farbe 9, 207 (1960).

B. T. Barnes, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 1124 (1957).

B. H. Crawford, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 49, 1147 (1959).

D. B. Judd, in Handbook of Experimental Psychology, edited by S. S. Stevens (Wiley, New York, 1951), p. 831.

Handbook of Colorimetry (Technology Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1936), p. 35.

A. Wachtel (private communication).

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