Abstract

We studied the photoemission process in films of amorphous Ge deposited on silica substrates. We measured, for both polarizations and for several angles of incidence, with direct and back illumination (through the substrate), the reflectance, the transmittance, and the photoemissive yield of each film without exposure to air. We analyzed the possibility of deducing with minimum error, from the experimental results, the index of refraction, the thickness, and the escape probability of photoexcited electrons and we verified the validity of the model used for computation.

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  1. S. M. Sze, J. L. Moll, and T. Sugano, Solid-State Electron. 7, 509 (1964).
  2. C. R. Crowell, W. G. Spitzer, L. E. Howarth, and E. C. Labate, Phys. Rev. 127, 2006 (1962).
  3. G. A. Katrich and O. G. Sarbei, Sov. Phys. Solid State 3, 1181 (1961).
  4. B. Pistoulet and M. Rouzeyre, in Basic Problems in Thin Films Physics (Vandenhoeck and Ruprecht, Göttingen, 1965), p. 648.
  5. H. Kanter and W. A. Feibelman, J. Appl. Phys. 33, 3580 (1962).
  6. R. E. Collins and L. W. Davies, Solid-State Electron. 7, 445 (1964).
  7. C. A. Mead, Phys. Rev. Letters 8, 56 (1962).
  8. G. Niquet, P. Vernier, and P. Hartmann, Compt. Rend. 270, 1234 (1970).
  9. P. Vernier and E. Coquet, in Ref. 4, p. 328.
  10. P. Vernier, E. Coquet, and M. Bigueurre, Compt. Rend. 262, 1141, 1728 (1966).
  11. P. Vernier, J. P. Goudonnet, J. Cornaz, and G. Chabrier, Opt. Commun. 1, 391 (1970).
  12. P. M. Grant and W. Paul, Phys. Rev. 37, 3110 (1966).
  13. A. M. Clark, Phys. Rev. 154, 750 (1967).
  14. J. Davey, R. J. Tirman, T. Pankey, and M. D. Montgomery, Solid-State Electron. 6, 205 (1963).
  15. P. Vernier, J. P. Goudonnet, J. Cornaz, and G. Chabrier, Compt. Rend. 271, 255 (1970).
  16. F. Abelès, in Progress in Optics II, edited by E. Wolf (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1963), p. 251.
  17. P. Rouard and P. Bousquet, in Progress in Optics IV, edited by E. Wolf (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1965), p. 147.
  18. M. G. Bouchard, in Ref. 4, p. 301.
  19. G. Baldini and L. Rigaldi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 495 (1970).
  20. T. M. Donovan, W. E. Spicer, J. M. Bennett, and E. J. Ashley, Phys. Rev. 2, 397 (1970).
  21. P. Bousquet, Opt. Acta 3, 153 (1965); J. Phys. (France) 18, 447 (1957).
  22. M. Berman, M. R. Kerchner, and S. Ergun, J. Opt. Soc. Am 60, 647 (1970).
  23. M. Pauty and J. P. Goudonnet, Rev. Phys. Appliquée 4, 24 (1969).
  24. R. Stuart, F. Wooten, and W. Spicer, Phys. Rev. 135A, 495 (1964).
  25. S. V. Pepper, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 805 (1970).

Abelès, F.

F. Abelès, in Progress in Optics II, edited by E. Wolf (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1963), p. 251.

Ashley, E. J.

T. M. Donovan, W. E. Spicer, J. M. Bennett, and E. J. Ashley, Phys. Rev. 2, 397 (1970).

Baldini, G.

G. Baldini and L. Rigaldi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 495 (1970).

Bennett, J. M.

T. M. Donovan, W. E. Spicer, J. M. Bennett, and E. J. Ashley, Phys. Rev. 2, 397 (1970).

Berman, M.

M. Berman, M. R. Kerchner, and S. Ergun, J. Opt. Soc. Am 60, 647 (1970).

Bigueurre, M.

P. Vernier, E. Coquet, and M. Bigueurre, Compt. Rend. 262, 1141, 1728 (1966).

Bouchard, M. G.

M. G. Bouchard, in Ref. 4, p. 301.

Bousquet, P.

P. Rouard and P. Bousquet, in Progress in Optics IV, edited by E. Wolf (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1965), p. 147.

P. Bousquet, Opt. Acta 3, 153 (1965); J. Phys. (France) 18, 447 (1957).

Chabrier, G.

P. Vernier, J. P. Goudonnet, J. Cornaz, and G. Chabrier, Opt. Commun. 1, 391 (1970).

P. Vernier, J. P. Goudonnet, J. Cornaz, and G. Chabrier, Compt. Rend. 271, 255 (1970).

Clark, A. M.

A. M. Clark, Phys. Rev. 154, 750 (1967).

Collins, R. E.

R. E. Collins and L. W. Davies, Solid-State Electron. 7, 445 (1964).

Coquet, E.

P. Vernier, E. Coquet, and M. Bigueurre, Compt. Rend. 262, 1141, 1728 (1966).

P. Vernier and E. Coquet, in Ref. 4, p. 328.

Cornaz, J.

P. Vernier, J. P. Goudonnet, J. Cornaz, and G. Chabrier, Opt. Commun. 1, 391 (1970).

P. Vernier, J. P. Goudonnet, J. Cornaz, and G. Chabrier, Compt. Rend. 271, 255 (1970).

Crowell, C. R.

C. R. Crowell, W. G. Spitzer, L. E. Howarth, and E. C. Labate, Phys. Rev. 127, 2006 (1962).

Davey, J.

J. Davey, R. J. Tirman, T. Pankey, and M. D. Montgomery, Solid-State Electron. 6, 205 (1963).

Davies, L. W.

R. E. Collins and L. W. Davies, Solid-State Electron. 7, 445 (1964).

Donovan, T. M.

T. M. Donovan, W. E. Spicer, J. M. Bennett, and E. J. Ashley, Phys. Rev. 2, 397 (1970).

Ergun, S.

M. Berman, M. R. Kerchner, and S. Ergun, J. Opt. Soc. Am 60, 647 (1970).

Feibelman, W. A.

H. Kanter and W. A. Feibelman, J. Appl. Phys. 33, 3580 (1962).

Goudonnet, J. P.

P. Vernier, J. P. Goudonnet, J. Cornaz, and G. Chabrier, Opt. Commun. 1, 391 (1970).

P. Vernier, J. P. Goudonnet, J. Cornaz, and G. Chabrier, Compt. Rend. 271, 255 (1970).

M. Pauty and J. P. Goudonnet, Rev. Phys. Appliquée 4, 24 (1969).

Grant, P. M.

P. M. Grant and W. Paul, Phys. Rev. 37, 3110 (1966).

Hartmann, P.

G. Niquet, P. Vernier, and P. Hartmann, Compt. Rend. 270, 1234 (1970).

Howarth, L. E.

C. R. Crowell, W. G. Spitzer, L. E. Howarth, and E. C. Labate, Phys. Rev. 127, 2006 (1962).

Kanter, H.

H. Kanter and W. A. Feibelman, J. Appl. Phys. 33, 3580 (1962).

Katrich, G. A.

G. A. Katrich and O. G. Sarbei, Sov. Phys. Solid State 3, 1181 (1961).

Kerchner, M. R.

M. Berman, M. R. Kerchner, and S. Ergun, J. Opt. Soc. Am 60, 647 (1970).

Labate, E. C.

C. R. Crowell, W. G. Spitzer, L. E. Howarth, and E. C. Labate, Phys. Rev. 127, 2006 (1962).

Mead, C. A.

C. A. Mead, Phys. Rev. Letters 8, 56 (1962).

Moll, J. L.

S. M. Sze, J. L. Moll, and T. Sugano, Solid-State Electron. 7, 509 (1964).

Montgomery, M. D.

J. Davey, R. J. Tirman, T. Pankey, and M. D. Montgomery, Solid-State Electron. 6, 205 (1963).

Niquet, G.

G. Niquet, P. Vernier, and P. Hartmann, Compt. Rend. 270, 1234 (1970).

Pankey, T.

J. Davey, R. J. Tirman, T. Pankey, and M. D. Montgomery, Solid-State Electron. 6, 205 (1963).

Paul, W.

P. M. Grant and W. Paul, Phys. Rev. 37, 3110 (1966).

Pauty, M.

M. Pauty and J. P. Goudonnet, Rev. Phys. Appliquée 4, 24 (1969).

Pepper, S. V.

S. V. Pepper, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 805 (1970).

Pistoulet, B.

B. Pistoulet and M. Rouzeyre, in Basic Problems in Thin Films Physics (Vandenhoeck and Ruprecht, Göttingen, 1965), p. 648.

Rigaldi, L.

G. Baldini and L. Rigaldi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 495 (1970).

Rouard, P.

P. Rouard and P. Bousquet, in Progress in Optics IV, edited by E. Wolf (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1965), p. 147.

Rouzeyre, M.

B. Pistoulet and M. Rouzeyre, in Basic Problems in Thin Films Physics (Vandenhoeck and Ruprecht, Göttingen, 1965), p. 648.

Sarbei, O. G.

G. A. Katrich and O. G. Sarbei, Sov. Phys. Solid State 3, 1181 (1961).

Spicer, W.

R. Stuart, F. Wooten, and W. Spicer, Phys. Rev. 135A, 495 (1964).

Spicer, W. E.

T. M. Donovan, W. E. Spicer, J. M. Bennett, and E. J. Ashley, Phys. Rev. 2, 397 (1970).

Spitzer, W. G.

C. R. Crowell, W. G. Spitzer, L. E. Howarth, and E. C. Labate, Phys. Rev. 127, 2006 (1962).

Stuart, R.

R. Stuart, F. Wooten, and W. Spicer, Phys. Rev. 135A, 495 (1964).

Sugano, T.

S. M. Sze, J. L. Moll, and T. Sugano, Solid-State Electron. 7, 509 (1964).

Sze, S. M.

S. M. Sze, J. L. Moll, and T. Sugano, Solid-State Electron. 7, 509 (1964).

Tirman, R. J.

J. Davey, R. J. Tirman, T. Pankey, and M. D. Montgomery, Solid-State Electron. 6, 205 (1963).

Vernier, P.

P. Vernier, E. Coquet, and M. Bigueurre, Compt. Rend. 262, 1141, 1728 (1966).

G. Niquet, P. Vernier, and P. Hartmann, Compt. Rend. 270, 1234 (1970).

P. Vernier, J. P. Goudonnet, J. Cornaz, and G. Chabrier, Compt. Rend. 271, 255 (1970).

P. Vernier, J. P. Goudonnet, J. Cornaz, and G. Chabrier, Opt. Commun. 1, 391 (1970).

P. Vernier and E. Coquet, in Ref. 4, p. 328.

Wooten, F.

R. Stuart, F. Wooten, and W. Spicer, Phys. Rev. 135A, 495 (1964).

Other (25)

S. M. Sze, J. L. Moll, and T. Sugano, Solid-State Electron. 7, 509 (1964).

C. R. Crowell, W. G. Spitzer, L. E. Howarth, and E. C. Labate, Phys. Rev. 127, 2006 (1962).

G. A. Katrich and O. G. Sarbei, Sov. Phys. Solid State 3, 1181 (1961).

B. Pistoulet and M. Rouzeyre, in Basic Problems in Thin Films Physics (Vandenhoeck and Ruprecht, Göttingen, 1965), p. 648.

H. Kanter and W. A. Feibelman, J. Appl. Phys. 33, 3580 (1962).

R. E. Collins and L. W. Davies, Solid-State Electron. 7, 445 (1964).

C. A. Mead, Phys. Rev. Letters 8, 56 (1962).

G. Niquet, P. Vernier, and P. Hartmann, Compt. Rend. 270, 1234 (1970).

P. Vernier and E. Coquet, in Ref. 4, p. 328.

P. Vernier, E. Coquet, and M. Bigueurre, Compt. Rend. 262, 1141, 1728 (1966).

P. Vernier, J. P. Goudonnet, J. Cornaz, and G. Chabrier, Opt. Commun. 1, 391 (1970).

P. M. Grant and W. Paul, Phys. Rev. 37, 3110 (1966).

A. M. Clark, Phys. Rev. 154, 750 (1967).

J. Davey, R. J. Tirman, T. Pankey, and M. D. Montgomery, Solid-State Electron. 6, 205 (1963).

P. Vernier, J. P. Goudonnet, J. Cornaz, and G. Chabrier, Compt. Rend. 271, 255 (1970).

F. Abelès, in Progress in Optics II, edited by E. Wolf (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1963), p. 251.

P. Rouard and P. Bousquet, in Progress in Optics IV, edited by E. Wolf (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1965), p. 147.

M. G. Bouchard, in Ref. 4, p. 301.

G. Baldini and L. Rigaldi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 495 (1970).

T. M. Donovan, W. E. Spicer, J. M. Bennett, and E. J. Ashley, Phys. Rev. 2, 397 (1970).

P. Bousquet, Opt. Acta 3, 153 (1965); J. Phys. (France) 18, 447 (1957).

M. Berman, M. R. Kerchner, and S. Ergun, J. Opt. Soc. Am 60, 647 (1970).

M. Pauty and J. P. Goudonnet, Rev. Phys. Appliquée 4, 24 (1969).

R. Stuart, F. Wooten, and W. Spicer, Phys. Rev. 135A, 495 (1964).

S. V. Pepper, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 805 (1970).

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