Abstract

The optical absorption coefficient of five different natural garnet crystals has been measured at 300 K over the wavenumber range from 1000 to 30 000 cm<sup>-1</sup>. Peaks in the absorption spectrum associated with OH, Fe<sup>2+</sup>, Fe<sup>3+</sup>, Mn<sup>2+</sup> and Cr<sup>3+</sup> ions have been identified. Pure Mg<sub>3</sub>Al<sub>2</sub>Si<sub>3</sub>O<sub>12</sub> and Ca<sub>3</sub>Al<sub>2</sub>Si<sub>3</sub>O<sub>12</sub> appear to have an intrinsic absorption coefficient below 1 cm<sup>-1</sup> in the wavenumber range 3000–30 000 cm<sup>-1</sup>. There are intrinsic multiphonon lattice peaks at wavenumbers of about 1790 and 2600 cm<sup>-1</sup> in all five garnets.

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  2. O. Weigel and H. Ufer, Neues Jahrb. Mineral. Beilagebd. 57A, 397 (1928).
  3. E. Kolbe, Neues Jahrb. Mineral. Beilagebd. 69A, 183 (1934).
  4. S. P. Clark, Jr., Am. Mineral. 42, 732 (1957).
  5. A. S. Balchan and H. G. Drickhamer, J. Appl. Phys. 30, 1446 (1959).
  6. B. W. Anderson, J. Gemmology 7, 1 (1959).
  7. A. Neuhaus, Z. Krist. 113, 195 (1960).
  8. P. Bloomfield, A. W. Lawson, and C. Rey, J. Chem. Phys. 34, 749 (1961).
  9. S. V. Grum-Grzhimailo, N. A. Brilliantov, D. T. Sviridov, R. K. Sviridova, and O. N. Sukhanova, Opt. Spektrosk. 14, 228 (1963) [Opt. Spectrosc. 14, 118 (1963)].
  10. V. V. Druzhinin, Opt. Spektrosk. 22, 824 (1967) [Opt. Spectrosc. 22, 446 (1967)].
  11. P. G. Manning, Can. Mineral. 9, 237 (1967).
  12. P. G. Manning, Can. J. Earth Sci. 4, 1039 (1967).
  13. P. G. Manning, Can. Mineral. 9, 723 (1969).
  14. P. G. Manning and D. C. Harris, Can. Mineral. 10, 260 (1970).
  15. P. G. Manning, Can. Mineral. 10, 677 (1970).
  16. D. L. Wood, J. Feguson, K. Knox, and J. F. Dillon, Jr., J. Chem. Phys. 39, 890 (1963).
  17. A. M. Clogston, J. Appl. Phys. 31, Suppl., 198S (1960).
  18. D. L. Wood and J. P. Remeika, J. Appl. Phys. 38, 1038 (1967).
  19. K. A. Wickersheim and R. A. Lefever, J. Chem. Phys. 36, 844 (1962).
  20. E. D. Kolb, D. L. Wood, E. G. Spencer, and R. A. Laudise, J. Appl. Phys. 38, 1027 (1967).
  21. D. L. Wood, E. D. Kolb, and J. P. Remeika, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 1139 (1968).
  22. P. A. Arsen'ev and D. T. Sviridov, Kristallografiya 14, 687 (1969) [Sov. Phys.-Crystallography 14, 578 (1970)].
  23. R. G. Burns, Mineralogical Applications of Crystal Field Theory (Cambridge U. P., Cambridge, 1970).
  24. W. A. Deer, R. A. Howie, and J. Zussman, Rock-Forming Minerals, Vol. 1 (Wiley, New York, 1962).
  25. H. Winchell, Am. Mineral. 43, 595 (1958).
  26. Beckman Instruments Inc., Fullerton, Calif. 92634.
  27. Cary Instruments, Monrovia, Calif. 91016.
  28. G. A. Slack, D. W. Oliver, R. M. Chrenko, and S. Roberts, Phys. Rev. 177, 1308 (1969).
  29. G. W. Pratt Jr. and R. Coelho, Phys. Rev. 116, 281 (1959).
  30. L. Rimai and T. Kushida, Phys. Rev. 143, 160 (1966).
  31. S. C. Abrahams and S. Geller, Acta Cryst. 11, 437 (1958).
  32. G. V. Gibbs and J. V. Smith, Am. Mineral. 50, 2023 (1965).
  33. F. Euler and J. A. Bruce, Acta Cryst. 19, 971 (1965).

Abrahams, S. C.

S. C. Abrahams and S. Geller, Acta Cryst. 11, 437 (1958).

Anderson, B. W.

B. W. Anderson, J. Gemmology 7, 1 (1959).

Arsen’ev, P. A.

P. A. Arsen'ev and D. T. Sviridov, Kristallografiya 14, 687 (1969) [Sov. Phys.-Crystallography 14, 578 (1970)].

Balchan, A. S.

A. S. Balchan and H. G. Drickhamer, J. Appl. Phys. 30, 1446 (1959).

Bloomfield, P.

P. Bloomfield, A. W. Lawson, and C. Rey, J. Chem. Phys. 34, 749 (1961).

Brilliantov, N. A.

S. V. Grum-Grzhimailo, N. A. Brilliantov, D. T. Sviridov, R. K. Sviridova, and O. N. Sukhanova, Opt. Spektrosk. 14, 228 (1963) [Opt. Spectrosc. 14, 118 (1963)].

Bruce, J. A.

F. Euler and J. A. Bruce, Acta Cryst. 19, 971 (1965).

Burns, R. G.

R. G. Burns, Mineralogical Applications of Crystal Field Theory (Cambridge U. P., Cambridge, 1970).

Chrenko, R. M.

G. A. Slack, D. W. Oliver, R. M. Chrenko, and S. Roberts, Phys. Rev. 177, 1308 (1969).

Clark, Jr., S. P.

S. P. Clark, Jr., Am. Mineral. 42, 732 (1957).

Clogston, A. M.

A. M. Clogston, J. Appl. Phys. 31, Suppl., 198S (1960).

Coblentz, W. W.

W. W. Coblentz, Investigations of Infra-Red Spectra. Part III, Publ. No. 65 (Carnegie Institution, Washington, D. C., 1906).

Coelho, R.

G. W. Pratt Jr. and R. Coelho, Phys. Rev. 116, 281 (1959).

Deer, W. A.

W. A. Deer, R. A. Howie, and J. Zussman, Rock-Forming Minerals, Vol. 1 (Wiley, New York, 1962).

Dillon, Jr., J. F.

D. L. Wood, J. Feguson, K. Knox, and J. F. Dillon, Jr., J. Chem. Phys. 39, 890 (1963).

Drickhamer, H. G.

A. S. Balchan and H. G. Drickhamer, J. Appl. Phys. 30, 1446 (1959).

Druzhinin, V. V.

V. V. Druzhinin, Opt. Spektrosk. 22, 824 (1967) [Opt. Spectrosc. 22, 446 (1967)].

Euler, F.

F. Euler and J. A. Bruce, Acta Cryst. 19, 971 (1965).

Feguson, J.

D. L. Wood, J. Feguson, K. Knox, and J. F. Dillon, Jr., J. Chem. Phys. 39, 890 (1963).

Geller, S.

S. C. Abrahams and S. Geller, Acta Cryst. 11, 437 (1958).

Gibbs, G. V.

G. V. Gibbs and J. V. Smith, Am. Mineral. 50, 2023 (1965).

Grum-Grzhimailo, S. V.

S. V. Grum-Grzhimailo, N. A. Brilliantov, D. T. Sviridov, R. K. Sviridova, and O. N. Sukhanova, Opt. Spektrosk. 14, 228 (1963) [Opt. Spectrosc. 14, 118 (1963)].

Harris, D. C.

P. G. Manning and D. C. Harris, Can. Mineral. 10, 260 (1970).

Howie, R. A.

W. A. Deer, R. A. Howie, and J. Zussman, Rock-Forming Minerals, Vol. 1 (Wiley, New York, 1962).

Knox, K.

D. L. Wood, J. Feguson, K. Knox, and J. F. Dillon, Jr., J. Chem. Phys. 39, 890 (1963).

Kolb, E. D.

D. L. Wood, E. D. Kolb, and J. P. Remeika, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 1139 (1968).

E. D. Kolb, D. L. Wood, E. G. Spencer, and R. A. Laudise, J. Appl. Phys. 38, 1027 (1967).

Kolbe, E.

E. Kolbe, Neues Jahrb. Mineral. Beilagebd. 69A, 183 (1934).

Kushida, T.

L. Rimai and T. Kushida, Phys. Rev. 143, 160 (1966).

Laudise, R. A.

E. D. Kolb, D. L. Wood, E. G. Spencer, and R. A. Laudise, J. Appl. Phys. 38, 1027 (1967).

Lawson, A. W.

P. Bloomfield, A. W. Lawson, and C. Rey, J. Chem. Phys. 34, 749 (1961).

Lefever, R. A.

K. A. Wickersheim and R. A. Lefever, J. Chem. Phys. 36, 844 (1962).

Manning, P. G.

P. G. Manning, Can. Mineral. 9, 723 (1969).

P. G. Manning, Can. Mineral. 10, 677 (1970).

P. G. Manning, Can. J. Earth Sci. 4, 1039 (1967).

P. G. Manning and D. C. Harris, Can. Mineral. 10, 260 (1970).

P. G. Manning, Can. Mineral. 9, 237 (1967).

Neuhaus, A.

A. Neuhaus, Z. Krist. 113, 195 (1960).

Oliver, D. W.

G. A. Slack, D. W. Oliver, R. M. Chrenko, and S. Roberts, Phys. Rev. 177, 1308 (1969).

Pratt Jr., G. W.

G. W. Pratt Jr. and R. Coelho, Phys. Rev. 116, 281 (1959).

Remeika, J. P.

D. L. Wood, E. D. Kolb, and J. P. Remeika, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 1139 (1968).

D. L. Wood and J. P. Remeika, J. Appl. Phys. 38, 1038 (1967).

Rey, C.

P. Bloomfield, A. W. Lawson, and C. Rey, J. Chem. Phys. 34, 749 (1961).

Rimai, L.

L. Rimai and T. Kushida, Phys. Rev. 143, 160 (1966).

Roberts, S.

G. A. Slack, D. W. Oliver, R. M. Chrenko, and S. Roberts, Phys. Rev. 177, 1308 (1969).

Slack, G. A.

G. A. Slack, D. W. Oliver, R. M. Chrenko, and S. Roberts, Phys. Rev. 177, 1308 (1969).

Smith, J. V.

G. V. Gibbs and J. V. Smith, Am. Mineral. 50, 2023 (1965).

Spencer, E. G.

E. D. Kolb, D. L. Wood, E. G. Spencer, and R. A. Laudise, J. Appl. Phys. 38, 1027 (1967).

Sukhanova, O. N.

S. V. Grum-Grzhimailo, N. A. Brilliantov, D. T. Sviridov, R. K. Sviridova, and O. N. Sukhanova, Opt. Spektrosk. 14, 228 (1963) [Opt. Spectrosc. 14, 118 (1963)].

Sviridov, D. T.

S. V. Grum-Grzhimailo, N. A. Brilliantov, D. T. Sviridov, R. K. Sviridova, and O. N. Sukhanova, Opt. Spektrosk. 14, 228 (1963) [Opt. Spectrosc. 14, 118 (1963)].

P. A. Arsen'ev and D. T. Sviridov, Kristallografiya 14, 687 (1969) [Sov. Phys.-Crystallography 14, 578 (1970)].

Sviridova, R. K.

S. V. Grum-Grzhimailo, N. A. Brilliantov, D. T. Sviridov, R. K. Sviridova, and O. N. Sukhanova, Opt. Spektrosk. 14, 228 (1963) [Opt. Spectrosc. 14, 118 (1963)].

Ufer, H.

O. Weigel and H. Ufer, Neues Jahrb. Mineral. Beilagebd. 57A, 397 (1928).

Weigel, O.

O. Weigel and H. Ufer, Neues Jahrb. Mineral. Beilagebd. 57A, 397 (1928).

Wickersheim, K. A.

K. A. Wickersheim and R. A. Lefever, J. Chem. Phys. 36, 844 (1962).

Winchell, H.

H. Winchell, Am. Mineral. 43, 595 (1958).

Wood, D. L.

D. L. Wood and J. P. Remeika, J. Appl. Phys. 38, 1038 (1967).

D. L. Wood, E. D. Kolb, and J. P. Remeika, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 1139 (1968).

D. L. Wood, J. Feguson, K. Knox, and J. F. Dillon, Jr., J. Chem. Phys. 39, 890 (1963).

E. D. Kolb, D. L. Wood, E. G. Spencer, and R. A. Laudise, J. Appl. Phys. 38, 1027 (1967).

Zussman, J.

W. A. Deer, R. A. Howie, and J. Zussman, Rock-Forming Minerals, Vol. 1 (Wiley, New York, 1962).

Other

W. W. Coblentz, Investigations of Infra-Red Spectra. Part III, Publ. No. 65 (Carnegie Institution, Washington, D. C., 1906).

O. Weigel and H. Ufer, Neues Jahrb. Mineral. Beilagebd. 57A, 397 (1928).

E. Kolbe, Neues Jahrb. Mineral. Beilagebd. 69A, 183 (1934).

S. P. Clark, Jr., Am. Mineral. 42, 732 (1957).

A. S. Balchan and H. G. Drickhamer, J. Appl. Phys. 30, 1446 (1959).

B. W. Anderson, J. Gemmology 7, 1 (1959).

A. Neuhaus, Z. Krist. 113, 195 (1960).

P. Bloomfield, A. W. Lawson, and C. Rey, J. Chem. Phys. 34, 749 (1961).

S. V. Grum-Grzhimailo, N. A. Brilliantov, D. T. Sviridov, R. K. Sviridova, and O. N. Sukhanova, Opt. Spektrosk. 14, 228 (1963) [Opt. Spectrosc. 14, 118 (1963)].

V. V. Druzhinin, Opt. Spektrosk. 22, 824 (1967) [Opt. Spectrosc. 22, 446 (1967)].

P. G. Manning, Can. Mineral. 9, 237 (1967).

P. G. Manning, Can. J. Earth Sci. 4, 1039 (1967).

P. G. Manning, Can. Mineral. 9, 723 (1969).

P. G. Manning and D. C. Harris, Can. Mineral. 10, 260 (1970).

P. G. Manning, Can. Mineral. 10, 677 (1970).

D. L. Wood, J. Feguson, K. Knox, and J. F. Dillon, Jr., J. Chem. Phys. 39, 890 (1963).

A. M. Clogston, J. Appl. Phys. 31, Suppl., 198S (1960).

D. L. Wood and J. P. Remeika, J. Appl. Phys. 38, 1038 (1967).

K. A. Wickersheim and R. A. Lefever, J. Chem. Phys. 36, 844 (1962).

E. D. Kolb, D. L. Wood, E. G. Spencer, and R. A. Laudise, J. Appl. Phys. 38, 1027 (1967).

D. L. Wood, E. D. Kolb, and J. P. Remeika, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 1139 (1968).

P. A. Arsen'ev and D. T. Sviridov, Kristallografiya 14, 687 (1969) [Sov. Phys.-Crystallography 14, 578 (1970)].

R. G. Burns, Mineralogical Applications of Crystal Field Theory (Cambridge U. P., Cambridge, 1970).

W. A. Deer, R. A. Howie, and J. Zussman, Rock-Forming Minerals, Vol. 1 (Wiley, New York, 1962).

H. Winchell, Am. Mineral. 43, 595 (1958).

Beckman Instruments Inc., Fullerton, Calif. 92634.

Cary Instruments, Monrovia, Calif. 91016.

G. A. Slack, D. W. Oliver, R. M. Chrenko, and S. Roberts, Phys. Rev. 177, 1308 (1969).

G. W. Pratt Jr. and R. Coelho, Phys. Rev. 116, 281 (1959).

L. Rimai and T. Kushida, Phys. Rev. 143, 160 (1966).

S. C. Abrahams and S. Geller, Acta Cryst. 11, 437 (1958).

G. V. Gibbs and J. V. Smith, Am. Mineral. 50, 2023 (1965).

F. Euler and J. A. Bruce, Acta Cryst. 19, 971 (1965).

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