Abstract

The optical absorption coefficient of five different natural garnet crystals has been measured at 300 K over the wavenumber range from 1000 to 30 000 cm−1. Peaks in the absorption spectrum associated with OH, Fe2+, Fe3+, Mn2+, and Cr3+ ions have been identified. Pure Mg3Al2Si3O12 and Ca3Al2Si3O12 appear to have an intrinsic absorption coefficient below 1 cm−1 in the wavenumber range 3000–30 000 cm−1. There are intrinsic multiphonon lattice peaks at wavenumbers of about 1790 and 2600 cm−1 in all five garnets.

© 1971 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. W. W. Coblentz, Investigations of Infra-Red Spectra. Part III, Publ. No. 65 (Carnegie Institution, Washington, D. C., 1906).
  2. O. Weigel and H. Ufer, Neues Jahrb. Mineral. Beilagebd. 57A, 397 (1928).
  3. E. Kolbe, Neues Jahrb. Mineral. Beilagebd. 69A, 183 (1934).
  4. S. P. Clark, Am. Mineral. 42, 732 (1957).
  5. A. S. Balchan and H. G. Drickhamer, J. Appl. Phys. 30, 1446 (1959).
    [Crossref]
  6. B. W. Anderson, J. Gemmology 7, 1 (1959).
  7. A. Neuhaus, Z. Krist. 113, 195 (1960).
    [Crossref]
  8. P. Bloomfield, A. W. Lawson, and C. Rey, J. Chem. Phys. 34, 749 (1961).
    [Crossref]
  9. S. V. Grum-Grzhimailo, N. A. Brilliantov, D. T. Sviridov, R. K. Sviridova, and O. N. Sukhanova, Opt. Spektrosk. 14, 228 (1963) [Opt. Spectrosc. 14, 118 (1963)].
  10. V. V. Druzhinin, Opt. Spektrosk. 22, 824 (1967) [Opt. Spectrosc. 22, 446 (1967)].
  11. P. G. Manning, Can. Mineral. 9, 237 (1967).
  12. P. G. Manning, Can. J. Earth Sci. 4, 1039 (1967).
    [Crossref]
  13. P. G. Manning, Can. Mineral. 9, 723 (1969).
  14. P. G. Manning and D. C. Harris, Can. Mineral. 10, 260 (1970).
  15. P. G. Manning, Can. Mineral. 10, 677 (1970).
  16. D. L. Wood, J. Feguson, K. Knox, and J. F. Dillon, J. Chem. Phys. 39, 890 (1963).
    [Crossref]
  17. A. M. Clogston, J. Appl. Phys. 31, Suppl., 198S (1960).
    [Crossref]
  18. D. L. Wood and J. P. Remeika, J. Appl. Phys. 38, 1038 (1967).
    [Crossref]
  19. K. A. Wickersheim and R. A. Lefever, J. Chem. Phys. 36, 844 (1962).
    [Crossref]
  20. E. D. Kolb, D. L. Wood, E. G. Spencer, and R. A. Laudise, J. Appl. Phys. 38, 1027 (1967).
    [Crossref]
  21. D. L. Wood, E. D. Kolb, and J. P. Remeika, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 1139 (1968).
    [Crossref]
  22. P. A. Arsen’ev and D. T. Sviridov, Kristallografiya 14, 687 (1969) [Sov. Phys.-Crystallography 14, 578 (1970)].
  23. R. G. Burns, Mineralogical Applications of Crystal Field Theory (Cambridge U. P., Cambridge, 1970).
  24. W. A. Deer, R. A. Howie, and J. Zussman, Rock-Forming Minerals, Vol. 1 (Wiley, New York, 1962).
  25. H. Winchell, Am. Mineral. 43, 595 (1958).
  26. Beckman Instruments Inc., Fullerton, Calif. 92634.
  27. Cary Instruments, Monrovia, Calif. 91016.
  28. G. A. Slack, D. W. Oliver, R. M. Chrenko, and S. Roberts, Phys. Rev. 177, 1308 (1969).
    [Crossref]
  29. G. W. Pratt and R. Coelho, Phys. Rev. 116, 281 (1959).
    [Crossref]
  30. L. Rimai and T. Kushida, Phys. Rev. 143, 160 (1966).
    [Crossref]
  31. S. C. Abrahams and S. Geller, Acta Cryst. 11, 437 (1958).
    [Crossref]
  32. G. V. Gibbs and J. V. Smith, Am. Mineral. 50, 2023 (1965).
  33. F. Euler and J. A. Bruce, Acta Cryst. 19, 971 (1965).
    [Crossref]

1970 (2)

P. G. Manning and D. C. Harris, Can. Mineral. 10, 260 (1970).

P. G. Manning, Can. Mineral. 10, 677 (1970).

1969 (3)

P. G. Manning, Can. Mineral. 9, 723 (1969).

P. A. Arsen’ev and D. T. Sviridov, Kristallografiya 14, 687 (1969) [Sov. Phys.-Crystallography 14, 578 (1970)].

G. A. Slack, D. W. Oliver, R. M. Chrenko, and S. Roberts, Phys. Rev. 177, 1308 (1969).
[Crossref]

1968 (1)

D. L. Wood, E. D. Kolb, and J. P. Remeika, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 1139 (1968).
[Crossref]

1967 (5)

E. D. Kolb, D. L. Wood, E. G. Spencer, and R. A. Laudise, J. Appl. Phys. 38, 1027 (1967).
[Crossref]

V. V. Druzhinin, Opt. Spektrosk. 22, 824 (1967) [Opt. Spectrosc. 22, 446 (1967)].

P. G. Manning, Can. Mineral. 9, 237 (1967).

P. G. Manning, Can. J. Earth Sci. 4, 1039 (1967).
[Crossref]

D. L. Wood and J. P. Remeika, J. Appl. Phys. 38, 1038 (1967).
[Crossref]

1966 (1)

L. Rimai and T. Kushida, Phys. Rev. 143, 160 (1966).
[Crossref]

1965 (2)

G. V. Gibbs and J. V. Smith, Am. Mineral. 50, 2023 (1965).

F. Euler and J. A. Bruce, Acta Cryst. 19, 971 (1965).
[Crossref]

1963 (2)

D. L. Wood, J. Feguson, K. Knox, and J. F. Dillon, J. Chem. Phys. 39, 890 (1963).
[Crossref]

S. V. Grum-Grzhimailo, N. A. Brilliantov, D. T. Sviridov, R. K. Sviridova, and O. N. Sukhanova, Opt. Spektrosk. 14, 228 (1963) [Opt. Spectrosc. 14, 118 (1963)].

1962 (1)

K. A. Wickersheim and R. A. Lefever, J. Chem. Phys. 36, 844 (1962).
[Crossref]

1961 (1)

P. Bloomfield, A. W. Lawson, and C. Rey, J. Chem. Phys. 34, 749 (1961).
[Crossref]

1960 (2)

A. Neuhaus, Z. Krist. 113, 195 (1960).
[Crossref]

A. M. Clogston, J. Appl. Phys. 31, Suppl., 198S (1960).
[Crossref]

1959 (3)

A. S. Balchan and H. G. Drickhamer, J. Appl. Phys. 30, 1446 (1959).
[Crossref]

B. W. Anderson, J. Gemmology 7, 1 (1959).

G. W. Pratt and R. Coelho, Phys. Rev. 116, 281 (1959).
[Crossref]

1958 (2)

S. C. Abrahams and S. Geller, Acta Cryst. 11, 437 (1958).
[Crossref]

H. Winchell, Am. Mineral. 43, 595 (1958).

1957 (1)

S. P. Clark, Am. Mineral. 42, 732 (1957).

1934 (1)

E. Kolbe, Neues Jahrb. Mineral. Beilagebd. 69A, 183 (1934).

1928 (1)

O. Weigel and H. Ufer, Neues Jahrb. Mineral. Beilagebd. 57A, 397 (1928).

Abrahams, S. C.

S. C. Abrahams and S. Geller, Acta Cryst. 11, 437 (1958).
[Crossref]

Anderson, B. W.

B. W. Anderson, J. Gemmology 7, 1 (1959).

Arsen’ev, P. A.

P. A. Arsen’ev and D. T. Sviridov, Kristallografiya 14, 687 (1969) [Sov. Phys.-Crystallography 14, 578 (1970)].

Balchan, A. S.

A. S. Balchan and H. G. Drickhamer, J. Appl. Phys. 30, 1446 (1959).
[Crossref]

Bloomfield, P.

P. Bloomfield, A. W. Lawson, and C. Rey, J. Chem. Phys. 34, 749 (1961).
[Crossref]

Brilliantov, N. A.

S. V. Grum-Grzhimailo, N. A. Brilliantov, D. T. Sviridov, R. K. Sviridova, and O. N. Sukhanova, Opt. Spektrosk. 14, 228 (1963) [Opt. Spectrosc. 14, 118 (1963)].

Bruce, J. A.

F. Euler and J. A. Bruce, Acta Cryst. 19, 971 (1965).
[Crossref]

Burns, R. G.

R. G. Burns, Mineralogical Applications of Crystal Field Theory (Cambridge U. P., Cambridge, 1970).

Chrenko, R. M.

G. A. Slack, D. W. Oliver, R. M. Chrenko, and S. Roberts, Phys. Rev. 177, 1308 (1969).
[Crossref]

Clark, S. P.

S. P. Clark, Am. Mineral. 42, 732 (1957).

Clogston, A. M.

A. M. Clogston, J. Appl. Phys. 31, Suppl., 198S (1960).
[Crossref]

Coblentz, W. W.

W. W. Coblentz, Investigations of Infra-Red Spectra. Part III, Publ. No. 65 (Carnegie Institution, Washington, D. C., 1906).

Coelho, R.

G. W. Pratt and R. Coelho, Phys. Rev. 116, 281 (1959).
[Crossref]

Deer, W. A.

W. A. Deer, R. A. Howie, and J. Zussman, Rock-Forming Minerals, Vol. 1 (Wiley, New York, 1962).

Dillon, J. F.

D. L. Wood, J. Feguson, K. Knox, and J. F. Dillon, J. Chem. Phys. 39, 890 (1963).
[Crossref]

Drickhamer, H. G.

A. S. Balchan and H. G. Drickhamer, J. Appl. Phys. 30, 1446 (1959).
[Crossref]

Druzhinin, V. V.

V. V. Druzhinin, Opt. Spektrosk. 22, 824 (1967) [Opt. Spectrosc. 22, 446 (1967)].

Euler, F.

F. Euler and J. A. Bruce, Acta Cryst. 19, 971 (1965).
[Crossref]

Feguson, J.

D. L. Wood, J. Feguson, K. Knox, and J. F. Dillon, J. Chem. Phys. 39, 890 (1963).
[Crossref]

Geller, S.

S. C. Abrahams and S. Geller, Acta Cryst. 11, 437 (1958).
[Crossref]

Gibbs, G. V.

G. V. Gibbs and J. V. Smith, Am. Mineral. 50, 2023 (1965).

Grum-Grzhimailo, S. V.

S. V. Grum-Grzhimailo, N. A. Brilliantov, D. T. Sviridov, R. K. Sviridova, and O. N. Sukhanova, Opt. Spektrosk. 14, 228 (1963) [Opt. Spectrosc. 14, 118 (1963)].

Harris, D. C.

P. G. Manning and D. C. Harris, Can. Mineral. 10, 260 (1970).

Howie, R. A.

W. A. Deer, R. A. Howie, and J. Zussman, Rock-Forming Minerals, Vol. 1 (Wiley, New York, 1962).

Knox, K.

D. L. Wood, J. Feguson, K. Knox, and J. F. Dillon, J. Chem. Phys. 39, 890 (1963).
[Crossref]

Kolb, E. D.

D. L. Wood, E. D. Kolb, and J. P. Remeika, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 1139 (1968).
[Crossref]

E. D. Kolb, D. L. Wood, E. G. Spencer, and R. A. Laudise, J. Appl. Phys. 38, 1027 (1967).
[Crossref]

Kolbe, E.

E. Kolbe, Neues Jahrb. Mineral. Beilagebd. 69A, 183 (1934).

Kushida, T.

L. Rimai and T. Kushida, Phys. Rev. 143, 160 (1966).
[Crossref]

Laudise, R. A.

E. D. Kolb, D. L. Wood, E. G. Spencer, and R. A. Laudise, J. Appl. Phys. 38, 1027 (1967).
[Crossref]

Lawson, A. W.

P. Bloomfield, A. W. Lawson, and C. Rey, J. Chem. Phys. 34, 749 (1961).
[Crossref]

Lefever, R. A.

K. A. Wickersheim and R. A. Lefever, J. Chem. Phys. 36, 844 (1962).
[Crossref]

Manning, P. G.

P. G. Manning and D. C. Harris, Can. Mineral. 10, 260 (1970).

P. G. Manning, Can. Mineral. 10, 677 (1970).

P. G. Manning, Can. Mineral. 9, 723 (1969).

P. G. Manning, Can. Mineral. 9, 237 (1967).

P. G. Manning, Can. J. Earth Sci. 4, 1039 (1967).
[Crossref]

Neuhaus, A.

A. Neuhaus, Z. Krist. 113, 195 (1960).
[Crossref]

Oliver, D. W.

G. A. Slack, D. W. Oliver, R. M. Chrenko, and S. Roberts, Phys. Rev. 177, 1308 (1969).
[Crossref]

Pratt, G. W.

G. W. Pratt and R. Coelho, Phys. Rev. 116, 281 (1959).
[Crossref]

Remeika, J. P.

D. L. Wood, E. D. Kolb, and J. P. Remeika, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 1139 (1968).
[Crossref]

D. L. Wood and J. P. Remeika, J. Appl. Phys. 38, 1038 (1967).
[Crossref]

Rey, C.

P. Bloomfield, A. W. Lawson, and C. Rey, J. Chem. Phys. 34, 749 (1961).
[Crossref]

Rimai, L.

L. Rimai and T. Kushida, Phys. Rev. 143, 160 (1966).
[Crossref]

Roberts, S.

G. A. Slack, D. W. Oliver, R. M. Chrenko, and S. Roberts, Phys. Rev. 177, 1308 (1969).
[Crossref]

Slack, G. A.

G. A. Slack, D. W. Oliver, R. M. Chrenko, and S. Roberts, Phys. Rev. 177, 1308 (1969).
[Crossref]

Smith, J. V.

G. V. Gibbs and J. V. Smith, Am. Mineral. 50, 2023 (1965).

Spencer, E. G.

E. D. Kolb, D. L. Wood, E. G. Spencer, and R. A. Laudise, J. Appl. Phys. 38, 1027 (1967).
[Crossref]

Sukhanova, O. N.

S. V. Grum-Grzhimailo, N. A. Brilliantov, D. T. Sviridov, R. K. Sviridova, and O. N. Sukhanova, Opt. Spektrosk. 14, 228 (1963) [Opt. Spectrosc. 14, 118 (1963)].

Sviridov, D. T.

P. A. Arsen’ev and D. T. Sviridov, Kristallografiya 14, 687 (1969) [Sov. Phys.-Crystallography 14, 578 (1970)].

S. V. Grum-Grzhimailo, N. A. Brilliantov, D. T. Sviridov, R. K. Sviridova, and O. N. Sukhanova, Opt. Spektrosk. 14, 228 (1963) [Opt. Spectrosc. 14, 118 (1963)].

Sviridova, R. K.

S. V. Grum-Grzhimailo, N. A. Brilliantov, D. T. Sviridov, R. K. Sviridova, and O. N. Sukhanova, Opt. Spektrosk. 14, 228 (1963) [Opt. Spectrosc. 14, 118 (1963)].

Ufer, H.

O. Weigel and H. Ufer, Neues Jahrb. Mineral. Beilagebd. 57A, 397 (1928).

Weigel, O.

O. Weigel and H. Ufer, Neues Jahrb. Mineral. Beilagebd. 57A, 397 (1928).

Wickersheim, K. A.

K. A. Wickersheim and R. A. Lefever, J. Chem. Phys. 36, 844 (1962).
[Crossref]

Winchell, H.

H. Winchell, Am. Mineral. 43, 595 (1958).

Wood, D. L.

D. L. Wood, E. D. Kolb, and J. P. Remeika, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 1139 (1968).
[Crossref]

D. L. Wood and J. P. Remeika, J. Appl. Phys. 38, 1038 (1967).
[Crossref]

E. D. Kolb, D. L. Wood, E. G. Spencer, and R. A. Laudise, J. Appl. Phys. 38, 1027 (1967).
[Crossref]

D. L. Wood, J. Feguson, K. Knox, and J. F. Dillon, J. Chem. Phys. 39, 890 (1963).
[Crossref]

Zussman, J.

W. A. Deer, R. A. Howie, and J. Zussman, Rock-Forming Minerals, Vol. 1 (Wiley, New York, 1962).

Acta Cryst. (2)

S. C. Abrahams and S. Geller, Acta Cryst. 11, 437 (1958).
[Crossref]

F. Euler and J. A. Bruce, Acta Cryst. 19, 971 (1965).
[Crossref]

Am. Mineral. (3)

G. V. Gibbs and J. V. Smith, Am. Mineral. 50, 2023 (1965).

H. Winchell, Am. Mineral. 43, 595 (1958).

S. P. Clark, Am. Mineral. 42, 732 (1957).

Can. J. Earth Sci. (1)

P. G. Manning, Can. J. Earth Sci. 4, 1039 (1967).
[Crossref]

Can. Mineral. (4)

P. G. Manning, Can. Mineral. 9, 723 (1969).

P. G. Manning and D. C. Harris, Can. Mineral. 10, 260 (1970).

P. G. Manning, Can. Mineral. 10, 677 (1970).

P. G. Manning, Can. Mineral. 9, 237 (1967).

J. Appl. Phys. (5)

A. M. Clogston, J. Appl. Phys. 31, Suppl., 198S (1960).
[Crossref]

D. L. Wood and J. P. Remeika, J. Appl. Phys. 38, 1038 (1967).
[Crossref]

A. S. Balchan and H. G. Drickhamer, J. Appl. Phys. 30, 1446 (1959).
[Crossref]

E. D. Kolb, D. L. Wood, E. G. Spencer, and R. A. Laudise, J. Appl. Phys. 38, 1027 (1967).
[Crossref]

D. L. Wood, E. D. Kolb, and J. P. Remeika, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 1139 (1968).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Phys. (3)

P. Bloomfield, A. W. Lawson, and C. Rey, J. Chem. Phys. 34, 749 (1961).
[Crossref]

K. A. Wickersheim and R. A. Lefever, J. Chem. Phys. 36, 844 (1962).
[Crossref]

D. L. Wood, J. Feguson, K. Knox, and J. F. Dillon, J. Chem. Phys. 39, 890 (1963).
[Crossref]

J. Gemmology (1)

B. W. Anderson, J. Gemmology 7, 1 (1959).

Kristallografiya (1)

P. A. Arsen’ev and D. T. Sviridov, Kristallografiya 14, 687 (1969) [Sov. Phys.-Crystallography 14, 578 (1970)].

Neues Jahrb. Mineral. Beilagebd. (2)

O. Weigel and H. Ufer, Neues Jahrb. Mineral. Beilagebd. 57A, 397 (1928).

E. Kolbe, Neues Jahrb. Mineral. Beilagebd. 69A, 183 (1934).

Opt. Spektrosk. (2)

S. V. Grum-Grzhimailo, N. A. Brilliantov, D. T. Sviridov, R. K. Sviridova, and O. N. Sukhanova, Opt. Spektrosk. 14, 228 (1963) [Opt. Spectrosc. 14, 118 (1963)].

V. V. Druzhinin, Opt. Spektrosk. 22, 824 (1967) [Opt. Spectrosc. 22, 446 (1967)].

Phys. Rev. (3)

G. A. Slack, D. W. Oliver, R. M. Chrenko, and S. Roberts, Phys. Rev. 177, 1308 (1969).
[Crossref]

G. W. Pratt and R. Coelho, Phys. Rev. 116, 281 (1959).
[Crossref]

L. Rimai and T. Kushida, Phys. Rev. 143, 160 (1966).
[Crossref]

Z. Krist. (1)

A. Neuhaus, Z. Krist. 113, 195 (1960).
[Crossref]

Other (5)

W. W. Coblentz, Investigations of Infra-Red Spectra. Part III, Publ. No. 65 (Carnegie Institution, Washington, D. C., 1906).

Beckman Instruments Inc., Fullerton, Calif. 92634.

Cary Instruments, Monrovia, Calif. 91016.

R. G. Burns, Mineralogical Applications of Crystal Field Theory (Cambridge U. P., Cambridge, 1970).

W. A. Deer, R. A. Howie, and J. Zussman, Rock-Forming Minerals, Vol. 1 (Wiley, New York, 1962).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Optical absorption coefficient vs photon wavenumber for spessartite.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Optical absorption coefficient vs photon wavenumber for rhodolite.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Optical absorption coefficient vs photon wavenumber for almandite.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Optical absorption coefficient vs photon wavenumber for hessonite.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Optical absorption coefficient vs photon wavenumber for grossularite.

Tables (5)

Tables Icon

Table I Some physical properties and the chemical composition of natural garnet crystals.

Tables Icon

Table II Survey of reported optical absorption bands of Cr, Fe, and Mn impurities in natural garnets at 300 K.

Tables Icon

Table III Survey of reported optical absorption bands of Cr, Fe, and OH in synthetic garnets at 300 K.

Tables Icon

Table IV Observed impurity absorption bands in natural garnets in wavenumbers, cm−1, at 300 K.

Tables Icon

Table V Crystal-field strengths Dq for pyralspite garnets in wavenumbers.

Equations (1)

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I = I 0 ( 1 - R ) 2 e - α d ,