Abstract

The technique, described by Nuberg and Yustova in 1955 to determine the convergence points of dichromats, was used at the National Bureau of Standards for three deuteranopic eyes, to obtain data on the deuteranopic convergence point. A study of the convergence point for deuteranopes obtained at NBS and by several other investigators has indicated a fairly wide range of values for this convergence point (1.08 to 2.30 for x, −0.08 to −1.30 for y). The NBS data for deuteranopic observers yield points that fall within this range.

© 1970 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. N. D. Nuberg and E. N. Yustova, Studies of the State Order of Lenin Optical Institute, XXIV, Issue 143, pp. 33–93, Moscow (1955) (translated by J. A. Yurow, D. B. Judd, and I. Nimeroff, order from Clearinghouse for Federal Scientific and Technical Information, Springfield, Va. 22151, as PB190416T).
  2. A. Donaldson, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 47, 1068 (1935).
    [Crossref]
  3. A. Donaldson, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 59, 554 (1947).
    [Crossref]
  4. I. Nimeroff, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 54, 696 (1964).
    [Crossref]
  5. A. König, Gesammelte Abhandlungen (Barth, Leipzig, 1903), p. 214; also, A. König and C. Dieterici, Z. Psychol. Physiol. Sinnesorgane 4, 241 (1892).
  6. F. H. G. Pitt, Characteristics of Dichromatic Vision (Med. Res. Council, Report of Comm. on Physiol. of Vision XIV, Special Report Series 200, 1935, London).
  7. J. A. S. Kinney, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 57, 1149 (1967).
    [Crossref]
  8. H. M. O. Scheibner and R. M. Boynton, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 58, 1151 (1968).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. D. B. Judd, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Std. (U. S.) 33, 407 (1944), RP1618.
    [Crossref]
  10. G. L. Howett, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 951 (1970).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

1970 (1)

1968 (1)

1967 (1)

1964 (1)

1947 (1)

A. Donaldson, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 59, 554 (1947).
[Crossref]

1944 (1)

D. B. Judd, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Std. (U. S.) 33, 407 (1944), RP1618.
[Crossref]

1935 (1)

A. Donaldson, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 47, 1068 (1935).
[Crossref]

Boynton, R. M.

Donaldson, A.

A. Donaldson, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 59, 554 (1947).
[Crossref]

A. Donaldson, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 47, 1068 (1935).
[Crossref]

Howett, G. L.

Judd, D. B.

D. B. Judd, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Std. (U. S.) 33, 407 (1944), RP1618.
[Crossref]

Kinney, J. A. S.

König, A.

A. König, Gesammelte Abhandlungen (Barth, Leipzig, 1903), p. 214; also, A. König and C. Dieterici, Z. Psychol. Physiol. Sinnesorgane 4, 241 (1892).

Nimeroff, I.

Nuberg, N. D.

N. D. Nuberg and E. N. Yustova, Studies of the State Order of Lenin Optical Institute, XXIV, Issue 143, pp. 33–93, Moscow (1955) (translated by J. A. Yurow, D. B. Judd, and I. Nimeroff, order from Clearinghouse for Federal Scientific and Technical Information, Springfield, Va. 22151, as PB190416T).

Pitt, F. H. G.

F. H. G. Pitt, Characteristics of Dichromatic Vision (Med. Res. Council, Report of Comm. on Physiol. of Vision XIV, Special Report Series 200, 1935, London).

Scheibner, H. M. O.

Yustova, E. N.

N. D. Nuberg and E. N. Yustova, Studies of the State Order of Lenin Optical Institute, XXIV, Issue 143, pp. 33–93, Moscow (1955) (translated by J. A. Yurow, D. B. Judd, and I. Nimeroff, order from Clearinghouse for Federal Scientific and Technical Information, Springfield, Va. 22151, as PB190416T).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (4)

J. Res. Natl. Bur. Std. (U. S.) (1)

D. B. Judd, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Std. (U. S.) 33, 407 (1944), RP1618.
[Crossref]

Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) (2)

A. Donaldson, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 47, 1068 (1935).
[Crossref]

A. Donaldson, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 59, 554 (1947).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

A. König, Gesammelte Abhandlungen (Barth, Leipzig, 1903), p. 214; also, A. König and C. Dieterici, Z. Psychol. Physiol. Sinnesorgane 4, 241 (1892).

F. H. G. Pitt, Characteristics of Dichromatic Vision (Med. Res. Council, Report of Comm. on Physiol. of Vision XIV, Special Report Series 200, 1935, London).

N. D. Nuberg and E. N. Yustova, Studies of the State Order of Lenin Optical Institute, XXIV, Issue 143, pp. 33–93, Moscow (1955) (translated by J. A. Yurow, D. B. Judd, and I. Nimeroff, order from Clearinghouse for Federal Scientific and Technical Information, Springfield, Va. 22151, as PB190416T).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Location of the chromaticity coordinates of the convergence points for protanopic P and tritanopic T observers.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic diagram of Donaldson visual colorimeter: SP, ST, primary and test sources; FP, FT, primary and test filters; V, white reflector; LP, primary lens; S, integrating sphere; L, Lummer–Brodhun cube.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Location of chromaticity coordinates of the convergence points of the three NBS deuteranopic observers. Observer 1, ●; observer 2, ⊙; observer 3, ×.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Convergence point of protanopic right eye of observer with deuteranopic left eye.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Comparison of chromaticity coordinates of deuteranopic-convergence-point data obtained by several investigations with their weighted average value, □, from upper left to lower right: Pitt, Nimeroff, Kinney, Scheibner–Boynton, Nuberg–Yustova, König.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table I Equations of confusion lines and their intersections with the line y = 1 − x.

Tables Icon

Table II Coordinates of deuteranopic convergence points obtained from Pitt’s data by several analysts.

Tables Icon

Table III Coordinates of deuteranopic convergence points obtained by several investigators.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

X = X r f r + X g f g + X b f b Y = Y r f r + Y g f g + Y b f b Z = Z r f r + Z g f g + Z b f b x = X / ( X + Y + Z ) y = Y / ( X + Y + Z ) z = Z / ( X + Y + Z ) .
X = 1.8429 f r + 0.8756 f g + 1.1003 f b Y = 0.7046 f r + 3.5129 f g + 0.1840 f b Z = 0.0000 f r + 0.4188 f g + 5.9054 f b .
x = ( 0.874 r - 0.023 g + 0.144 ) / D y = ( 0.354 r - 0.597 g + 0.030 ) / D D = 0.0402 r - 0.222 g + 1.000