Abstract

The optical properties of black polyethylene have been measured from 3 to 4000 cm<sup>-1</sup> The scatter of data from different sources is caused by differences of carbon particle sizes, concentrations of the carbon in the polyethylene, and form of the carbon. An empirical fit of the absorption coefficient appears to demonstrate Rayleigh absorption. A physical model for absorption, with the electron mean free path about equal to the carbon-particle diameter, is proposed. Surface- and bulk-plasma effects may be inferred.

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. D. E. McCarthy, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 57, 699 (1967).
  2. R. J. Bell and G. M. Goldman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 57, 1552 (1967).
  3. J. A. Bastin, A. E. Gear, G. O. Jones, H. J. T. Smith, and P. J. Wright, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) 278 A, 543 (1964).
  4. J. N. Gaitskell, R. A. Newstead, and J. A. Bastin, Phil. Trans. (GB) 264A, 195 (1969).
  5. D. Bloor, T. J. Dean, G. O. Jones, D. H. Martin, P. A. Mawer, and C. H. Perry, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) 260, 510 (1961).
  6. Dow Chemical Company, Midland, Mich.
  7. Beckman Instrument Company, Fullerton, Calif.
  8. Monsanto Chemical Company, Kenilworth, N. J.
  9. U. S. Industrial Chemicals, St. Louis, Mo.
  10. J. Strong, Concepts of Classical Optics (W. H. Freeman and Company, San Franciso, 1958), p. 232.
  11. T. S. Moss, Optical Properties of Semti-Conductors (Butterworth and Company, London, 1961), p. 14.
  12. M. Kerker, The Scattering of Light (Academic Press Inc., New York, 1969).
  13. R. G. Newton, Scattering Theory of Waves and Particles (McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1966), p. 54.
  14. J. M. Stone, Radiation and Optics (McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1963), p. 387, prob. 15โ€“13.
  15. S. J. Williamson, dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (May 1965).
  16. T. J. McMahon and R. J. Bell, Phys. Rev. 182, 526 (1969).
  17. C. Kittel, Introduction to Solid State Physics, 3rd ed. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1966), p. 249, prob. 6.
  18. D. C. Tsui, Phys. Rev. Letters 22, 293 (1969).
  19. K. L. Ngai, E. N. Economou, and M. H. Colhen, Phys. Rev. Letters 22, 1375 (1969).
  20. R. H. Ritchie, E. T. Arakawa, J. J. Cowan, and R. N. Hamm, Phys. Rev. Letters 21, 1530 (1969).

Arakawa, E. T.

R. H. Ritchie, E. T. Arakawa, J. J. Cowan, and R. N. Hamm, Phys. Rev. Letters 21, 1530 (1969).

Bastin, J. A.

J. A. Bastin, A. E. Gear, G. O. Jones, H. J. T. Smith, and P. J. Wright, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) 278 A, 543 (1964).

J. N. Gaitskell, R. A. Newstead, and J. A. Bastin, Phil. Trans. (GB) 264A, 195 (1969).

Bell, R. J.

R. J. Bell and G. M. Goldman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 57, 1552 (1967).

T. J. McMahon and R. J. Bell, Phys. Rev. 182, 526 (1969).

Bloor, D.

D. Bloor, T. J. Dean, G. O. Jones, D. H. Martin, P. A. Mawer, and C. H. Perry, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) 260, 510 (1961).

Colhen, M. H.

K. L. Ngai, E. N. Economou, and M. H. Colhen, Phys. Rev. Letters 22, 1375 (1969).

Cowan, J. J.

R. H. Ritchie, E. T. Arakawa, J. J. Cowan, and R. N. Hamm, Phys. Rev. Letters 21, 1530 (1969).

Dean, T. J.

D. Bloor, T. J. Dean, G. O. Jones, D. H. Martin, P. A. Mawer, and C. H. Perry, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) 260, 510 (1961).

Economou, E. N.

K. L. Ngai, E. N. Economou, and M. H. Colhen, Phys. Rev. Letters 22, 1375 (1969).

Gaitskell, J. N.

J. N. Gaitskell, R. A. Newstead, and J. A. Bastin, Phil. Trans. (GB) 264A, 195 (1969).

Gear, A. E.

J. A. Bastin, A. E. Gear, G. O. Jones, H. J. T. Smith, and P. J. Wright, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) 278 A, 543 (1964).

Goldman, G. M.

R. J. Bell and G. M. Goldman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 57, 1552 (1967).

Hamm, R. N.

R. H. Ritchie, E. T. Arakawa, J. J. Cowan, and R. N. Hamm, Phys. Rev. Letters 21, 1530 (1969).

Jones, G. O.

J. A. Bastin, A. E. Gear, G. O. Jones, H. J. T. Smith, and P. J. Wright, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) 278 A, 543 (1964).

D. Bloor, T. J. Dean, G. O. Jones, D. H. Martin, P. A. Mawer, and C. H. Perry, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) 260, 510 (1961).

Kerker, M.

M. Kerker, The Scattering of Light (Academic Press Inc., New York, 1969).

Kittel, C.

C. Kittel, Introduction to Solid State Physics, 3rd ed. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1966), p. 249, prob. 6.

Martin, D. H.

D. Bloor, T. J. Dean, G. O. Jones, D. H. Martin, P. A. Mawer, and C. H. Perry, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) 260, 510 (1961).

Mawer, P. A.

D. Bloor, T. J. Dean, G. O. Jones, D. H. Martin, P. A. Mawer, and C. H. Perry, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) 260, 510 (1961).

McCarthy, D. E.

D. E. McCarthy, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 57, 699 (1967).

McMahon, T. J.

T. J. McMahon and R. J. Bell, Phys. Rev. 182, 526 (1969).

Moss, T. S.

T. S. Moss, Optical Properties of Semti-Conductors (Butterworth and Company, London, 1961), p. 14.

Newstead, R. A.

J. N. Gaitskell, R. A. Newstead, and J. A. Bastin, Phil. Trans. (GB) 264A, 195 (1969).

Newton, R. G.

R. G. Newton, Scattering Theory of Waves and Particles (McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1966), p. 54.

Ngai, K. L.

K. L. Ngai, E. N. Economou, and M. H. Colhen, Phys. Rev. Letters 22, 1375 (1969).

Perry, C. H.

D. Bloor, T. J. Dean, G. O. Jones, D. H. Martin, P. A. Mawer, and C. H. Perry, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) 260, 510 (1961).

Ritchie, R. H.

R. H. Ritchie, E. T. Arakawa, J. J. Cowan, and R. N. Hamm, Phys. Rev. Letters 21, 1530 (1969).

Smith, H. J. T.

J. A. Bastin, A. E. Gear, G. O. Jones, H. J. T. Smith, and P. J. Wright, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) 278 A, 543 (1964).

Stone, J. M.

J. M. Stone, Radiation and Optics (McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1963), p. 387, prob. 15โ€“13.

Strong, J.

J. Strong, Concepts of Classical Optics (W. H. Freeman and Company, San Franciso, 1958), p. 232.

Tsui, D. C.

D. C. Tsui, Phys. Rev. Letters 22, 293 (1969).

Williamson, S. J.

S. J. Williamson, dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (May 1965).

Wright, P. J.

J. A. Bastin, A. E. Gear, G. O. Jones, H. J. T. Smith, and P. J. Wright, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) 278 A, 543 (1964).

Other (20)

D. E. McCarthy, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 57, 699 (1967).

R. J. Bell and G. M. Goldman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 57, 1552 (1967).

J. A. Bastin, A. E. Gear, G. O. Jones, H. J. T. Smith, and P. J. Wright, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) 278 A, 543 (1964).

J. N. Gaitskell, R. A. Newstead, and J. A. Bastin, Phil. Trans. (GB) 264A, 195 (1969).

D. Bloor, T. J. Dean, G. O. Jones, D. H. Martin, P. A. Mawer, and C. H. Perry, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) 260, 510 (1961).

Dow Chemical Company, Midland, Mich.

Beckman Instrument Company, Fullerton, Calif.

Monsanto Chemical Company, Kenilworth, N. J.

U. S. Industrial Chemicals, St. Louis, Mo.

J. Strong, Concepts of Classical Optics (W. H. Freeman and Company, San Franciso, 1958), p. 232.

T. S. Moss, Optical Properties of Semti-Conductors (Butterworth and Company, London, 1961), p. 14.

M. Kerker, The Scattering of Light (Academic Press Inc., New York, 1969).

R. G. Newton, Scattering Theory of Waves and Particles (McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1966), p. 54.

J. M. Stone, Radiation and Optics (McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1963), p. 387, prob. 15โ€“13.

S. J. Williamson, dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (May 1965).

T. J. McMahon and R. J. Bell, Phys. Rev. 182, 526 (1969).

C. Kittel, Introduction to Solid State Physics, 3rd ed. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1966), p. 249, prob. 6.

D. C. Tsui, Phys. Rev. Letters 22, 293 (1969).

K. L. Ngai, E. N. Economou, and M. H. Colhen, Phys. Rev. Letters 22, 1375 (1969).

R. H. Ritchie, E. T. Arakawa, J. J. Cowan, and R. N. Hamm, Phys. Rev. Letters 21, 1530 (1969).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.