Abstract

In order to ascertain whether the Bezold—Brücke hue shift is of neural or pigment origin, five observers matched monochromatic spots of light, each with the same luminance, but one darkened by the operation of simultaneous brightness contrast. The occurrence of the hue shift in the contrast-darkened spot provides evidence for a neural locus of the effect. In addition, an extended set of measurements with one observer provides additional support for this hypothesis.

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  1. W. von Bezold, Pogg. Ann. 150, 221 (1873).
  2. E. Brücke, Sitzber., Akad. Wiss., Wien (3) 77, 39 (1878).
  3. D. McL. Purdy, Am. J. Psychol. 43, 541 (1931).
  4. D. McL. Purdy, Am. J. Psychol. 49, 313 (1937).
  5. P. L. Walraven, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 51, 1113 (1961).
  6. D. B. Judd in Handbook of Experimzental Psychology, S. S. Stevens, Ed. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1951).
  7. K. J. W. Craik and M. D. Vernon, Brit. J. Psychol. 32, 62 (1941); G. S. Brindley, J. Physiol. (London) 147, 194 (1959); G. L. Howett, J. Res. Nat. Bur. Std. (U.S.) 72A, 309 (1968).
  8. R. M. Boynton and J. Gordon, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 55, 78 (1965).
  9. M. Akita and C. H. Graham, Vision Res. 6, 315 (1966).
  10. S. M. Luria, Am. J. Psychol. 80, 14 (1967).
  11. R. A. Weale, Nature 201, 661 (1964).
  12. H. Ripps and R. A. Weale, J. Physiol. (London) 168, 40P (1963); H. Ripps and R. A. Weale, Vision Res. 3, 531 (1963).
  13. P. K. Brown and G. Wald, Nature 200, 37 (1963).
  14. E. Hering, Lotos 1, 9 (1880).
  15. G. Svaetichin and E. F. MacNichol, Jr., Ann. New York Acad. Sci. 74, 395 (1958).
  16. R. L. De Valois, J. Gen. Physiol. 43, 115 (1960).
  17. L. M. Hurvich and D. Jameson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 45, 620 (1955).
  18. H. K. Hartline and C. H. Graham, J. Cellular Comp. Physiol. 1, 277 (1932).
  19. F. Ratliff, Mach Bands: Quantitative Studies on Neural Networks in the Retina (Holden-Day, Inc., San Francisco, 1965).

Akita, M.

M. Akita and C. H. Graham, Vision Res. 6, 315 (1966).

Boynton, R. M.

R. M. Boynton and J. Gordon, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 55, 78 (1965).

Brown, P. K.

P. K. Brown and G. Wald, Nature 200, 37 (1963).

Brücke, E.

E. Brücke, Sitzber., Akad. Wiss., Wien (3) 77, 39 (1878).

Craik, K. J. W.

K. J. W. Craik and M. D. Vernon, Brit. J. Psychol. 32, 62 (1941); G. S. Brindley, J. Physiol. (London) 147, 194 (1959); G. L. Howett, J. Res. Nat. Bur. Std. (U.S.) 72A, 309 (1968).

De Valois, R. L.

R. L. De Valois, J. Gen. Physiol. 43, 115 (1960).

Gordon, J.

R. M. Boynton and J. Gordon, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 55, 78 (1965).

Graham, C. H.

M. Akita and C. H. Graham, Vision Res. 6, 315 (1966).

H. K. Hartline and C. H. Graham, J. Cellular Comp. Physiol. 1, 277 (1932).

Hartline, H. K.

H. K. Hartline and C. H. Graham, J. Cellular Comp. Physiol. 1, 277 (1932).

Hering, E.

E. Hering, Lotos 1, 9 (1880).

Hurvich, L. M.

L. M. Hurvich and D. Jameson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 45, 620 (1955).

Jameson, D.

L. M. Hurvich and D. Jameson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 45, 620 (1955).

Judd, D. B.

D. B. Judd in Handbook of Experimzental Psychology, S. S. Stevens, Ed. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1951).

Luria, S. M.

S. M. Luria, Am. J. Psychol. 80, 14 (1967).

MacNichol, Jr., E. F.

G. Svaetichin and E. F. MacNichol, Jr., Ann. New York Acad. Sci. 74, 395 (1958).

Purdy, D. McL.

D. McL. Purdy, Am. J. Psychol. 43, 541 (1931).

D. McL. Purdy, Am. J. Psychol. 49, 313 (1937).

Ratliff, F.

F. Ratliff, Mach Bands: Quantitative Studies on Neural Networks in the Retina (Holden-Day, Inc., San Francisco, 1965).

Ripps, H.

H. Ripps and R. A. Weale, J. Physiol. (London) 168, 40P (1963); H. Ripps and R. A. Weale, Vision Res. 3, 531 (1963).

Svaetichin, G.

G. Svaetichin and E. F. MacNichol, Jr., Ann. New York Acad. Sci. 74, 395 (1958).

Vernon, M. D.

K. J. W. Craik and M. D. Vernon, Brit. J. Psychol. 32, 62 (1941); G. S. Brindley, J. Physiol. (London) 147, 194 (1959); G. L. Howett, J. Res. Nat. Bur. Std. (U.S.) 72A, 309 (1968).

von Bezold, W.

W. von Bezold, Pogg. Ann. 150, 221 (1873).

Wald, G.

P. K. Brown and G. Wald, Nature 200, 37 (1963).

Walraven, P. L.

P. L. Walraven, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 51, 1113 (1961).

Weale, R. A.

H. Ripps and R. A. Weale, J. Physiol. (London) 168, 40P (1963); H. Ripps and R. A. Weale, Vision Res. 3, 531 (1963).

R. A. Weale, Nature 201, 661 (1964).

Other (19)

W. von Bezold, Pogg. Ann. 150, 221 (1873).

E. Brücke, Sitzber., Akad. Wiss., Wien (3) 77, 39 (1878).

D. McL. Purdy, Am. J. Psychol. 43, 541 (1931).

D. McL. Purdy, Am. J. Psychol. 49, 313 (1937).

P. L. Walraven, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 51, 1113 (1961).

D. B. Judd in Handbook of Experimzental Psychology, S. S. Stevens, Ed. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1951).

K. J. W. Craik and M. D. Vernon, Brit. J. Psychol. 32, 62 (1941); G. S. Brindley, J. Physiol. (London) 147, 194 (1959); G. L. Howett, J. Res. Nat. Bur. Std. (U.S.) 72A, 309 (1968).

R. M. Boynton and J. Gordon, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 55, 78 (1965).

M. Akita and C. H. Graham, Vision Res. 6, 315 (1966).

S. M. Luria, Am. J. Psychol. 80, 14 (1967).

R. A. Weale, Nature 201, 661 (1964).

H. Ripps and R. A. Weale, J. Physiol. (London) 168, 40P (1963); H. Ripps and R. A. Weale, Vision Res. 3, 531 (1963).

P. K. Brown and G. Wald, Nature 200, 37 (1963).

E. Hering, Lotos 1, 9 (1880).

G. Svaetichin and E. F. MacNichol, Jr., Ann. New York Acad. Sci. 74, 395 (1958).

R. L. De Valois, J. Gen. Physiol. 43, 115 (1960).

L. M. Hurvich and D. Jameson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 45, 620 (1955).

H. K. Hartline and C. H. Graham, J. Cellular Comp. Physiol. 1, 277 (1932).

F. Ratliff, Mach Bands: Quantitative Studies on Neural Networks in the Retina (Holden-Day, Inc., San Francisco, 1965).

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