Abstract

Constricted discharges have been produced in krypton using both pulsed and dc excitation over a total pressure range of 8–120 torr. Light-flux, voltage, and current waveforms were obtained for the pulsed discharge and interpreted in terms of electron excitation and electron-ion recombination processes. Streak-camera photography was used to observe possible changes of the degree of constriction during the pulse and afterglow periods. Detailed profile analysis of spectral lines yielded a value of 380±50 K for the discharge temperature and evidence was found of Stark effects. A new model for the discharge mechanism is proposed, in which diffusion of electrons and ions from the central glowing core is balanced by recombination in the peripheral regions of lower charge density and lower excitation.

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. R. G. Fowler, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) B68, 130 (1955).
  2. C. Kenty, Phys. Rev. 126, 1235 (1962).
  3. J. T. Massey and S. M. Cannon, J. Appl. Phys. 36, 361 (1965).
  4. J. T. Massey, J. Appl. Phys. 36, 373 (1965).
  5. M. Sugarawa, Phys. Letters 25A, 154 (1967).
  6. S. D. Vagner, Yu M. Kagan, and G. Yu Khrustalev, Opt. Spectrosc. 25, 88 (1968); contains references to their earlier work.
  7. V. Yu Baranov and K. M. Ul'yanov, JETP Letters 6, 121 (1967).
  8. R. Turner and H. D. Riccius, J. Chem. Phys. 48, 4351 (1968).
  9. R. P. Edwin, and R. Turner, J. Chem. Phys. 50, 4388 (1969).
  10. D. H. Rank and J. N. Shearer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 46,463 (1956).
  11. J. Tudor Davies and J. M. Vaughan, Astron. J. 137, 1302 (1963).
  12. J. M. Vaughan, Phys. Rev. 166, 13 (1968).
  13. V. Middelboe and E. Rasmussen, Mat.—Fys. Medd. 30, 1 (1955).
  14. H. Korsching, Physik 109, 349 (1938).
  15. W. L. Faust and L. Y. Chow Chiu, Phys. Rev. 129, 1214 (1963).
  16. K. M. Baird and D. S. Smith, Can. J. Phys. 35, 455 (1957).
  17. A. Unsöld, Physik der Sternätmospharen (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1955), pp. 288–306.
  18. H. J. Oskam and V. R. Mittelstadt, Phys. Rev. 132, 1445 (1963).
  19. J. M. Richardson, Phys. Rev. 88, 895 (1952).
  20. J. F. Prince and W. W. Robertson, J. Chem. Phys. 45, 2577 (1966).

Baird, K. M.

K. M. Baird and D. S. Smith, Can. J. Phys. 35, 455 (1957).

Baranov, V. Yu

V. Yu Baranov and K. M. Ul'yanov, JETP Letters 6, 121 (1967).

Cannon, S. M.

J. T. Massey and S. M. Cannon, J. Appl. Phys. 36, 361 (1965).

Chiu, L. Y. Chow

W. L. Faust and L. Y. Chow Chiu, Phys. Rev. 129, 1214 (1963).

Davies, J. Tudor

J. Tudor Davies and J. M. Vaughan, Astron. J. 137, 1302 (1963).

Edwin, R. P.

R. P. Edwin, and R. Turner, J. Chem. Phys. 50, 4388 (1969).

Faust, W. L.

W. L. Faust and L. Y. Chow Chiu, Phys. Rev. 129, 1214 (1963).

Fowler, R. G.

R. G. Fowler, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) B68, 130 (1955).

Kagan, Yu M.

S. D. Vagner, Yu M. Kagan, and G. Yu Khrustalev, Opt. Spectrosc. 25, 88 (1968); contains references to their earlier work.

Kenty, C.

C. Kenty, Phys. Rev. 126, 1235 (1962).

Khrustalev, G. Yu

S. D. Vagner, Yu M. Kagan, and G. Yu Khrustalev, Opt. Spectrosc. 25, 88 (1968); contains references to their earlier work.

Korsching, H.

H. Korsching, Physik 109, 349 (1938).

Massey, J. T.

J. T. Massey and S. M. Cannon, J. Appl. Phys. 36, 361 (1965).

J. T. Massey, J. Appl. Phys. 36, 373 (1965).

Middelboe, V.

V. Middelboe and E. Rasmussen, Mat.—Fys. Medd. 30, 1 (1955).

Mittelstadt, V. R.

H. J. Oskam and V. R. Mittelstadt, Phys. Rev. 132, 1445 (1963).

Oskam, H. J.

H. J. Oskam and V. R. Mittelstadt, Phys. Rev. 132, 1445 (1963).

Prince, J. F.

J. F. Prince and W. W. Robertson, J. Chem. Phys. 45, 2577 (1966).

Rank, D. H.

D. H. Rank and J. N. Shearer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 46,463 (1956).

Rasmussen, E.

V. Middelboe and E. Rasmussen, Mat.—Fys. Medd. 30, 1 (1955).

Riccius, H. D.

R. Turner and H. D. Riccius, J. Chem. Phys. 48, 4351 (1968).

Richardson, J. M.

J. M. Richardson, Phys. Rev. 88, 895 (1952).

Robertson, W. W.

J. F. Prince and W. W. Robertson, J. Chem. Phys. 45, 2577 (1966).

Shearer, J. N.

D. H. Rank and J. N. Shearer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 46,463 (1956).

Smith, D. S.

K. M. Baird and D. S. Smith, Can. J. Phys. 35, 455 (1957).

Sugarawa, M.

M. Sugarawa, Phys. Letters 25A, 154 (1967).

Turner, R.

R. P. Edwin, and R. Turner, J. Chem. Phys. 50, 4388 (1969).

R. Turner and H. D. Riccius, J. Chem. Phys. 48, 4351 (1968).

Ul’yanov, K. M.

V. Yu Baranov and K. M. Ul'yanov, JETP Letters 6, 121 (1967).

Unsöld, A.

A. Unsöld, Physik der Sternätmospharen (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1955), pp. 288–306.

Vagner, S. D.

S. D. Vagner, Yu M. Kagan, and G. Yu Khrustalev, Opt. Spectrosc. 25, 88 (1968); contains references to their earlier work.

Vaughan, J. M.

J. M. Vaughan, Phys. Rev. 166, 13 (1968).

J. Tudor Davies and J. M. Vaughan, Astron. J. 137, 1302 (1963).

Other (20)

R. G. Fowler, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) B68, 130 (1955).

C. Kenty, Phys. Rev. 126, 1235 (1962).

J. T. Massey and S. M. Cannon, J. Appl. Phys. 36, 361 (1965).

J. T. Massey, J. Appl. Phys. 36, 373 (1965).

M. Sugarawa, Phys. Letters 25A, 154 (1967).

S. D. Vagner, Yu M. Kagan, and G. Yu Khrustalev, Opt. Spectrosc. 25, 88 (1968); contains references to their earlier work.

V. Yu Baranov and K. M. Ul'yanov, JETP Letters 6, 121 (1967).

R. Turner and H. D. Riccius, J. Chem. Phys. 48, 4351 (1968).

R. P. Edwin, and R. Turner, J. Chem. Phys. 50, 4388 (1969).

D. H. Rank and J. N. Shearer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 46,463 (1956).

J. Tudor Davies and J. M. Vaughan, Astron. J. 137, 1302 (1963).

J. M. Vaughan, Phys. Rev. 166, 13 (1968).

V. Middelboe and E. Rasmussen, Mat.—Fys. Medd. 30, 1 (1955).

H. Korsching, Physik 109, 349 (1938).

W. L. Faust and L. Y. Chow Chiu, Phys. Rev. 129, 1214 (1963).

K. M. Baird and D. S. Smith, Can. J. Phys. 35, 455 (1957).

A. Unsöld, Physik der Sternätmospharen (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1955), pp. 288–306.

H. J. Oskam and V. R. Mittelstadt, Phys. Rev. 132, 1445 (1963).

J. M. Richardson, Phys. Rev. 88, 895 (1952).

J. F. Prince and W. W. Robertson, J. Chem. Phys. 45, 2577 (1966).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.