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  1. V. J. Tatarski, Wave Propagation in a Turbulent Medium (Dover Publications, Inc., New York, 1967), Chs. 6–9.
  2. See. for example, D. L. Fried and J. D. Cloud, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 1667 (1966).
    [Crossref]
  3. R. E. Hufnagel and N. R. Stanley, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 54, 52 (1964).
    [Crossref]
  4. D. L. Fried, Proc. IEEE 55, 57 (1967).
    [Crossref]
  5. D. L. Fried, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 57, 169 (1967).
    [Crossref]
  6. D. L. Fried, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 57, 980 (1967).
    [Crossref]
  7. C. E. Coulman, Solar Phys. 7, 122 (1969) shows Hufnagel’s new curve in Fig. 4.
    [Crossref]
  8. H. R. Hulett, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 57, 1335 (1967).
    [Crossref]
  9. P. O. Minott, private communication.
  10. W. M. Protheroe, Preliminary Rep. on Stellar Scintillation Contrib. Perkins Observ. Ser.2, No. 4, p. 47 (1955) found a like result for the log-amplitude variance of starlight. The coincidence between Minott’s and Protheroe’s results substantiates Fried’s assumption in Ref. 6 about the correlation between starlight scintillation and upward laser scintillation.

1969 (1)

C. E. Coulman, Solar Phys. 7, 122 (1969) shows Hufnagel’s new curve in Fig. 4.
[Crossref]

1967 (4)

1966 (1)

1964 (1)

Cloud, J. D.

Coulman, C. E.

C. E. Coulman, Solar Phys. 7, 122 (1969) shows Hufnagel’s new curve in Fig. 4.
[Crossref]

Fried, D. L.

Hufnagel, R. E.

Hulett, H. R.

Minott, P. O.

P. O. Minott, private communication.

Protheroe, W. M.

W. M. Protheroe, Preliminary Rep. on Stellar Scintillation Contrib. Perkins Observ. Ser.2, No. 4, p. 47 (1955) found a like result for the log-amplitude variance of starlight. The coincidence between Minott’s and Protheroe’s results substantiates Fried’s assumption in Ref. 6 about the correlation between starlight scintillation and upward laser scintillation.

Stanley, N. R.

Tatarski, V. J.

V. J. Tatarski, Wave Propagation in a Turbulent Medium (Dover Publications, Inc., New York, 1967), Chs. 6–9.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (5)

Proc. IEEE (1)

D. L. Fried, Proc. IEEE 55, 57 (1967).
[Crossref]

Solar Phys. (1)

C. E. Coulman, Solar Phys. 7, 122 (1969) shows Hufnagel’s new curve in Fig. 4.
[Crossref]

Other (3)

P. O. Minott, private communication.

W. M. Protheroe, Preliminary Rep. on Stellar Scintillation Contrib. Perkins Observ. Ser.2, No. 4, p. 47 (1955) found a like result for the log-amplitude variance of starlight. The coincidence between Minott’s and Protheroe’s results substantiates Fried’s assumption in Ref. 6 about the correlation between starlight scintillation and upward laser scintillation.

V. J. Tatarski, Wave Propagation in a Turbulent Medium (Dover Publications, Inc., New York, 1967), Chs. 6–9.

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Figures (1)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The h0=3.2-km curve is a reproduction of Fried’s Fig. 1 in Ref. 6. Cl(0)/Clt(0) is the ratio of the variance of a laser source (with normalized aperture Ω) to the variance of a spherical-wave source. Ω is defined as k α02/h0 secθ for k the wavenumber, 2 - 1 2 α 0 the standard deviation of the gaussian shape describing the spread of the beam, and θ the zenith angle.

Equations (8)

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D n ( r ) = [ n ( x 1 ) - n ( x 2 ) ] 2 ,
D n ( r , h ) = C n 2 ( h ) r 2 3
C n 2 ( h ) = A h - 1 2 e - h / h 0
C l m ( 0 ) = 0.016 sec 2.2 ( θ )
C l t ( 0 ) = 0.747 sec 11 / 6 ( θ ) ,
Ω = k α 0 2 / h 0 sec θ
Ω m = 95.3 / h 0 ,
for h 0 = 20 m , Ω = 4.77 and C l ( 0 ) / C l t ( 0 ) < 10 - 3 0.0214 for h 0 = 100 m , Ω = 0.954 and C l ( 0 ) / C l t ( 0 ) 0.01 0.0214 for h 0 = 1000 m , Ω = 0.0954 and C l ( 0 ) / C l t ( 0 ) 0.15 0.0214.