Abstract

Binding energies (ionization energies) of all subshells are given for free atoms up to Z = 108. X-ray data for solids have been combined with spectroscopic data and work functions, and have been smoothed, interpolated, and extrapolated.

© 1970 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. C. Slater, Phys. Rev. 98, 1039 (1955).
    [Crossref]
  2. J. A. Bearden and A. F. Burr, Rev. Mod. Phys. 39, 125 (1967).
    [Crossref]
  3. W. Lotz, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 58, 915 (1968).
    [Crossref]
  4. W. Lotz, Z. Physik 220, 466 (1969).
    [Crossref]
  5. C. E. Moore, Atomic Energy Levels, Natl. Bur. Std. (U. S.) Circ. 467 (U. S. Gov’t. Printing Office, Washington, D. C., 1952, 1958).
  6. Landolt-Börnstein, Zahlenwerte und Funktionen, I. Band, 4. Teil Springer (Verlag, Berlin, 1955), 6th ed., p. 759, Table 15062.
  7. W. Lotz, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 57, 873 (1967).
    [Crossref]
  8. W. Mehlhorn and D. Stalherm, Z. Physik 217, 294 (1968).
    [Crossref]
  9. J. Reader and J. Sugar, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 1189 (1966).
    [Crossref]
  10. H. N. Russell, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 40, 550 (1950).
    [Crossref]
  11. K. L. Andrew and K. W. Meissner, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 49, 146 (1959).
    [Crossref]
  12. L. Minnhagen, Arkiv Fysik 21, 415 (1962).
  13. Th. A.M. van Kleef and P. F. A. Klinkenberg, Physica 27, 83 (1961).
    [Crossref]
  14. Th. A.M. van Kleef, Physica 23, 843 (1957).
    [Crossref]
  15. I. N. Bakulina and N. I. Ionov, Sov. Phys.—JETP 36, 709 (1959).
  16. M. Fred and F. S. Tomkins, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 1076 (1957).
    [Crossref]
  17. K. Codling and R. P. Madden, Phys. Rev. Letters 12, 106 (1964).
    [Crossref]
  18. C. L. Pekeris, Phys. Rev. 112, 1649 (1958).
    [Crossref]
  19. J. W. McConkey and J. A. Kernahan, Phys. Letters 27A, 82 (1968).
  20. K. Bockasten and K. B. Johansson, Arkiv Fysik 38, 563 (1969).
  21. W. Persson and L. Minnhagen, Arkiv Fysik 37, 369 (1968).
  22. A. Borgström, Arkiv Fysik 38, 243 (1968).
  23. K. A. Dick, Can. J. Phys. 46, 1291 (1968).
    [Crossref]

1969 (2)

W. Lotz, Z. Physik 220, 466 (1969).
[Crossref]

K. Bockasten and K. B. Johansson, Arkiv Fysik 38, 563 (1969).

1968 (6)

W. Persson and L. Minnhagen, Arkiv Fysik 37, 369 (1968).

A. Borgström, Arkiv Fysik 38, 243 (1968).

K. A. Dick, Can. J. Phys. 46, 1291 (1968).
[Crossref]

W. Mehlhorn and D. Stalherm, Z. Physik 217, 294 (1968).
[Crossref]

W. Lotz, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 58, 915 (1968).
[Crossref]

J. W. McConkey and J. A. Kernahan, Phys. Letters 27A, 82 (1968).

1967 (2)

W. Lotz, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 57, 873 (1967).
[Crossref]

J. A. Bearden and A. F. Burr, Rev. Mod. Phys. 39, 125 (1967).
[Crossref]

1966 (1)

1964 (1)

K. Codling and R. P. Madden, Phys. Rev. Letters 12, 106 (1964).
[Crossref]

1962 (1)

L. Minnhagen, Arkiv Fysik 21, 415 (1962).

1961 (1)

Th. A.M. van Kleef and P. F. A. Klinkenberg, Physica 27, 83 (1961).
[Crossref]

1959 (2)

I. N. Bakulina and N. I. Ionov, Sov. Phys.—JETP 36, 709 (1959).

K. L. Andrew and K. W. Meissner, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 49, 146 (1959).
[Crossref]

1958 (1)

C. L. Pekeris, Phys. Rev. 112, 1649 (1958).
[Crossref]

1957 (2)

1955 (1)

J. C. Slater, Phys. Rev. 98, 1039 (1955).
[Crossref]

1950 (1)

Andrew, K. L.

Bakulina, I. N.

I. N. Bakulina and N. I. Ionov, Sov. Phys.—JETP 36, 709 (1959).

Bearden, J. A.

J. A. Bearden and A. F. Burr, Rev. Mod. Phys. 39, 125 (1967).
[Crossref]

Bockasten, K.

K. Bockasten and K. B. Johansson, Arkiv Fysik 38, 563 (1969).

Borgström, A.

A. Borgström, Arkiv Fysik 38, 243 (1968).

Burr, A. F.

J. A. Bearden and A. F. Burr, Rev. Mod. Phys. 39, 125 (1967).
[Crossref]

Codling, K.

K. Codling and R. P. Madden, Phys. Rev. Letters 12, 106 (1964).
[Crossref]

Dick, K. A.

K. A. Dick, Can. J. Phys. 46, 1291 (1968).
[Crossref]

Fred, M.

Ionov, N. I.

I. N. Bakulina and N. I. Ionov, Sov. Phys.—JETP 36, 709 (1959).

Johansson, K. B.

K. Bockasten and K. B. Johansson, Arkiv Fysik 38, 563 (1969).

Kernahan, J. A.

J. W. McConkey and J. A. Kernahan, Phys. Letters 27A, 82 (1968).

Klinkenberg, P. F. A.

Th. A.M. van Kleef and P. F. A. Klinkenberg, Physica 27, 83 (1961).
[Crossref]

Lotz, W.

Madden, R. P.

K. Codling and R. P. Madden, Phys. Rev. Letters 12, 106 (1964).
[Crossref]

McConkey, J. W.

J. W. McConkey and J. A. Kernahan, Phys. Letters 27A, 82 (1968).

Mehlhorn, W.

W. Mehlhorn and D. Stalherm, Z. Physik 217, 294 (1968).
[Crossref]

Meissner, K. W.

Minnhagen, L.

W. Persson and L. Minnhagen, Arkiv Fysik 37, 369 (1968).

L. Minnhagen, Arkiv Fysik 21, 415 (1962).

Moore, C. E.

C. E. Moore, Atomic Energy Levels, Natl. Bur. Std. (U. S.) Circ. 467 (U. S. Gov’t. Printing Office, Washington, D. C., 1952, 1958).

Pekeris, C. L.

C. L. Pekeris, Phys. Rev. 112, 1649 (1958).
[Crossref]

Persson, W.

W. Persson and L. Minnhagen, Arkiv Fysik 37, 369 (1968).

Reader, J.

Russell, H. N.

Slater, J. C.

J. C. Slater, Phys. Rev. 98, 1039 (1955).
[Crossref]

Stalherm, D.

W. Mehlhorn and D. Stalherm, Z. Physik 217, 294 (1968).
[Crossref]

Sugar, J.

Tomkins, F. S.

van Kleef, Th. A.M.

Th. A.M. van Kleef and P. F. A. Klinkenberg, Physica 27, 83 (1961).
[Crossref]

Th. A.M. van Kleef, Physica 23, 843 (1957).
[Crossref]

Arkiv Fysik (4)

L. Minnhagen, Arkiv Fysik 21, 415 (1962).

K. Bockasten and K. B. Johansson, Arkiv Fysik 38, 563 (1969).

W. Persson and L. Minnhagen, Arkiv Fysik 37, 369 (1968).

A. Borgström, Arkiv Fysik 38, 243 (1968).

Can. J. Phys. (1)

K. A. Dick, Can. J. Phys. 46, 1291 (1968).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (6)

Phys. Letters (1)

J. W. McConkey and J. A. Kernahan, Phys. Letters 27A, 82 (1968).

Phys. Rev. (2)

C. L. Pekeris, Phys. Rev. 112, 1649 (1958).
[Crossref]

J. C. Slater, Phys. Rev. 98, 1039 (1955).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Letters (1)

K. Codling and R. P. Madden, Phys. Rev. Letters 12, 106 (1964).
[Crossref]

Physica (2)

Th. A.M. van Kleef and P. F. A. Klinkenberg, Physica 27, 83 (1961).
[Crossref]

Th. A.M. van Kleef, Physica 23, 843 (1957).
[Crossref]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

J. A. Bearden and A. F. Burr, Rev. Mod. Phys. 39, 125 (1967).
[Crossref]

Sov. Phys.—JETP (1)

I. N. Bakulina and N. I. Ionov, Sov. Phys.—JETP 36, 709 (1959).

Z. Physik (2)

W. Mehlhorn and D. Stalherm, Z. Physik 217, 294 (1968).
[Crossref]

W. Lotz, Z. Physik 220, 466 (1969).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

C. E. Moore, Atomic Energy Levels, Natl. Bur. Std. (U. S.) Circ. 467 (U. S. Gov’t. Printing Office, Washington, D. C., 1952, 1958).

Landolt-Börnstein, Zahlenwerte und Funktionen, I. Band, 4. Teil Springer (Verlag, Berlin, 1955), 6th ed., p. 759, Table 15062.

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Tables (4)

Tables Icon

Table I Work functions6 (WF); difference of binding energy in the outermost shell (ΔIP) and difference of binding energy in the next inner subshell (ΔBE) between Ref. 5 and Ref. 2; corrections (ΔK, ΔL1, ΔL2, etc.) applied to the values given in Ref. 2 in order to get binding energies for electrons in free atoms. All values are rounded to the nearest electron volt.

Tables Icon

Table II Binding energies (ionization energies) of electrons in free atoms in the ground state (in eV). The last digit is uncertain by 1–10 units (probable error), but in no case more than 2 eV.

Tables Icon

Table III Binding energies (ionization energies) of electrons in free atoms in the ground state (in electron volts). The last digit is uncertain by 1–10 units (probable error), but in no case up to 92 U more than 2 eV. If a digit is thought to be uncertain by more than 10 units (transuranium elements), it is printed in italics.

Tables Icon

Table IV Ionization potentials of the He i sequence according to Pekeris.18 Digits that are different from those of Ref. 7 are printed in italics.