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  1. Published by Permission of the Director, U. S. Bureau of Standards.
  2. Holde-Mueller, Examination of Hydrocarbon Oils, p.  117; 1915.
  3. F. M. Lidstone, Jour. Soc. Chem. Ind.,  36, p. 270, 317; 1917.
  4. E. C. Bingham and R. E. Jackson, , p. 64; 1917. E. C. Bingham, Proc. A.S.T.M.,  18, part 2, p. 373; 1918. The word viscometer is used by Bingham and will be used throughout this paper to avoid confusion, even for instruments usually called viscosimeters.
  5. Proc. A. S. T. M., loc. cit. The effect of the uncertainty in regard to end effects, upon the demonstrable accuracy of the instrument, is considered in the discussion of this paper.
  6. T. E. Thorpe and J. W. Rodger, Phil. Trans. R. S.,  185, part 2, p. 423; 1894.
  7. Guy Barr, ; Aeronautical Research Com., p. 4; London; 1921.
  8. E. C. Bingham, H. I. Schlesinger, and A. B. Coleman, Jour. Am. Chem. Soc.,  38, p. 32; 1916.
    [Crossref]
  9. For similar tables for use with a mercury manometer, see paper by E. C. Bingham and Henry Green, Proc. Am. Soc. Test. Mat.,  19, II, p. 651; 1919.
  10. Bingham, Schlesinger, and Coleman, loc. cit., p. 32.
  11. E. C. Bingham, , p. 58; 1922.
  12. .
  13. Proc. Am. Soc. Test. Mat., Vol.  10, p. 117–146, 1910: A. H. Gill, Oil Analysis, p. 164; 1913: Wm. M. Davis, Friction and Lubrication, p. 42; 1904: W. G. Scott, Drugs, Oils and Paints, Vol.  13, p. 50; 1897–8.
  14. W. F. Higgins, Jour. Soc. Chem. Ind.,  32, p. 568, 1913.
    [Crossref]
  15. W. F. Higgins, Collected Researches, National Physical Laboratory, 11, p. 12; 1914.
  16. Winslow H. Herschel, ; 1922.
  17. E. C. Bingham and H. L. Young, paper presented before the Birmingham, Ala., meeting, A. C. S.; April, 1922.
  18. E. C. Bingham, Fluidity and Plasticity, p. 66; 1922.
  19. Based upon unpublished manuscript of J. L. Basseches, formerly of the Bureau of Standards.
  20. S. E. Sheppard, Jour. Ind. and Eng. Chem.,  9, p. 523; 1917; W. H. Gibson and L. M. Jacobs, Jour. Chem. Soc. London, p. 473; May, 1920.
    [Crossref]

1922 (1)

E. C. Bingham, Fluidity and Plasticity, p. 66; 1922.

1919 (1)

For similar tables for use with a mercury manometer, see paper by E. C. Bingham and Henry Green, Proc. Am. Soc. Test. Mat.,  19, II, p. 651; 1919.

1917 (2)

S. E. Sheppard, Jour. Ind. and Eng. Chem.,  9, p. 523; 1917; W. H. Gibson and L. M. Jacobs, Jour. Chem. Soc. London, p. 473; May, 1920.
[Crossref]

F. M. Lidstone, Jour. Soc. Chem. Ind.,  36, p. 270, 317; 1917.

1916 (1)

E. C. Bingham, H. I. Schlesinger, and A. B. Coleman, Jour. Am. Chem. Soc.,  38, p. 32; 1916.
[Crossref]

1915 (1)

Holde-Mueller, Examination of Hydrocarbon Oils, p.  117; 1915.

1913 (1)

W. F. Higgins, Jour. Soc. Chem. Ind.,  32, p. 568, 1913.
[Crossref]

1910 (1)

Proc. Am. Soc. Test. Mat., Vol.  10, p. 117–146, 1910: A. H. Gill, Oil Analysis, p. 164; 1913: Wm. M. Davis, Friction and Lubrication, p. 42; 1904: W. G. Scott, Drugs, Oils and Paints, Vol.  13, p. 50; 1897–8.

1894 (1)

T. E. Thorpe and J. W. Rodger, Phil. Trans. R. S.,  185, part 2, p. 423; 1894.

Barr, Guy

Guy Barr, ; Aeronautical Research Com., p. 4; London; 1921.

Basseches, J. L.

Based upon unpublished manuscript of J. L. Basseches, formerly of the Bureau of Standards.

Bingham,

Bingham, Schlesinger, and Coleman, loc. cit., p. 32.

Bingham, E. C.

E. C. Bingham, Fluidity and Plasticity, p. 66; 1922.

For similar tables for use with a mercury manometer, see paper by E. C. Bingham and Henry Green, Proc. Am. Soc. Test. Mat.,  19, II, p. 651; 1919.

E. C. Bingham, H. I. Schlesinger, and A. B. Coleman, Jour. Am. Chem. Soc.,  38, p. 32; 1916.
[Crossref]

E. C. Bingham and R. E. Jackson, , p. 64; 1917. E. C. Bingham, Proc. A.S.T.M.,  18, part 2, p. 373; 1918. The word viscometer is used by Bingham and will be used throughout this paper to avoid confusion, even for instruments usually called viscosimeters.

E. C. Bingham, , p. 58; 1922.

E. C. Bingham and H. L. Young, paper presented before the Birmingham, Ala., meeting, A. C. S.; April, 1922.

Coleman,

Bingham, Schlesinger, and Coleman, loc. cit., p. 32.

Coleman, A. B.

E. C. Bingham, H. I. Schlesinger, and A. B. Coleman, Jour. Am. Chem. Soc.,  38, p. 32; 1916.
[Crossref]

Green, Henry

For similar tables for use with a mercury manometer, see paper by E. C. Bingham and Henry Green, Proc. Am. Soc. Test. Mat.,  19, II, p. 651; 1919.

Herschel, Winslow H.

Winslow H. Herschel, ; 1922.

Higgins, W. F.

W. F. Higgins, Jour. Soc. Chem. Ind.,  32, p. 568, 1913.
[Crossref]

W. F. Higgins, Collected Researches, National Physical Laboratory, 11, p. 12; 1914.

Holde-Mueller,

Holde-Mueller, Examination of Hydrocarbon Oils, p.  117; 1915.

Jackson, R. E.

E. C. Bingham and R. E. Jackson, , p. 64; 1917. E. C. Bingham, Proc. A.S.T.M.,  18, part 2, p. 373; 1918. The word viscometer is used by Bingham and will be used throughout this paper to avoid confusion, even for instruments usually called viscosimeters.

Lidstone, F. M.

F. M. Lidstone, Jour. Soc. Chem. Ind.,  36, p. 270, 317; 1917.

Rodger, J. W.

T. E. Thorpe and J. W. Rodger, Phil. Trans. R. S.,  185, part 2, p. 423; 1894.

Schlesinger,

Bingham, Schlesinger, and Coleman, loc. cit., p. 32.

Schlesinger, H. I.

E. C. Bingham, H. I. Schlesinger, and A. B. Coleman, Jour. Am. Chem. Soc.,  38, p. 32; 1916.
[Crossref]

Sheppard, S. E.

S. E. Sheppard, Jour. Ind. and Eng. Chem.,  9, p. 523; 1917; W. H. Gibson and L. M. Jacobs, Jour. Chem. Soc. London, p. 473; May, 1920.
[Crossref]

Thorpe, T. E.

T. E. Thorpe and J. W. Rodger, Phil. Trans. R. S.,  185, part 2, p. 423; 1894.

Young, H. L.

E. C. Bingham and H. L. Young, paper presented before the Birmingham, Ala., meeting, A. C. S.; April, 1922.

Examination of Hydrocarbon Oils (1)

Holde-Mueller, Examination of Hydrocarbon Oils, p.  117; 1915.

Fluidity and Plasticity (1)

E. C. Bingham, Fluidity and Plasticity, p. 66; 1922.

Jour. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

E. C. Bingham, H. I. Schlesinger, and A. B. Coleman, Jour. Am. Chem. Soc.,  38, p. 32; 1916.
[Crossref]

Jour. Ind. and Eng. Chem. (1)

S. E. Sheppard, Jour. Ind. and Eng. Chem.,  9, p. 523; 1917; W. H. Gibson and L. M. Jacobs, Jour. Chem. Soc. London, p. 473; May, 1920.
[Crossref]

Jour. Soc. Chem. Ind. (2)

F. M. Lidstone, Jour. Soc. Chem. Ind.,  36, p. 270, 317; 1917.

W. F. Higgins, Jour. Soc. Chem. Ind.,  32, p. 568, 1913.
[Crossref]

Phil. Trans. R. S. (1)

T. E. Thorpe and J. W. Rodger, Phil. Trans. R. S.,  185, part 2, p. 423; 1894.

Proc. Am. Soc. Test. Mat. (2)

Proc. Am. Soc. Test. Mat., Vol.  10, p. 117–146, 1910: A. H. Gill, Oil Analysis, p. 164; 1913: Wm. M. Davis, Friction and Lubrication, p. 42; 1904: W. G. Scott, Drugs, Oils and Paints, Vol.  13, p. 50; 1897–8.

For similar tables for use with a mercury manometer, see paper by E. C. Bingham and Henry Green, Proc. Am. Soc. Test. Mat.,  19, II, p. 651; 1919.

Other (11)

Bingham, Schlesinger, and Coleman, loc. cit., p. 32.

E. C. Bingham, , p. 58; 1922.

.

E. C. Bingham and R. E. Jackson, , p. 64; 1917. E. C. Bingham, Proc. A.S.T.M.,  18, part 2, p. 373; 1918. The word viscometer is used by Bingham and will be used throughout this paper to avoid confusion, even for instruments usually called viscosimeters.

Proc. A. S. T. M., loc. cit. The effect of the uncertainty in regard to end effects, upon the demonstrable accuracy of the instrument, is considered in the discussion of this paper.

Published by Permission of the Director, U. S. Bureau of Standards.

Guy Barr, ; Aeronautical Research Com., p. 4; London; 1921.

W. F. Higgins, Collected Researches, National Physical Laboratory, 11, p. 12; 1914.

Winslow H. Herschel, ; 1922.

E. C. Bingham and H. L. Young, paper presented before the Birmingham, Ala., meeting, A. C. S.; April, 1922.

Based upon unpublished manuscript of J. L. Basseches, formerly of the Bureau of Standards.

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The Bingham viscometer

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Higgins diagram for Scott viscometer

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Higgins diagram for Saybolt Universal viscometer No. 109

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Herschel diagram for Saybolt Universal viscometer No. 109

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Higgins diagram for Redwood viscometer

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Higgins diagram for Redwood viscometer, Admiralty type

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Higgins diagram for Saybolt Furol viscometer

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Relation of kinematic viscosity to time of flow of Redwood viscometer

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Correction factors for Bingham viscometer

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Comparison of different methods of measuring viscosity

Tables (6)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Calibration of Bingham viscometer

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Table 2 Viscosities of calibrating liquids

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Table 3 Dimensions of Scott viscometers

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Table 4 Tests of Scott viscometer, B. S. 6452

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Table 5 Factors to correct for drainage error of Bingham viscometer

Tables Icon

Table 6 Comparison of different methods of measuring viscosity

Equations (11)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

C = 1.12 Q 8 π l
h = μ 2 C γ ( 1 t 1 - 1 t 2 ) + C 2 C ( 1 t 1 2 - 1 t 2 2 )
C = μ + C γ t p t
μ = C p t - C γ / t
p = h ± h γ - K ± L
kinematic viscosity = μ γ = 0.0178 t - 2.74 t
W = W v + W s
W 1 t 1 = W 2 t 2 = constant = V
( W 1 - W s ) t 1 = ( W 2 - W s ) t 2 = V
W s = W 2 t 2 - W 1 t 1 t 2 - t 1
μ = K V