Abstract

The hyperfine structures of <sup>206</sup>Bi (6.3 day) and <sup>209</sup>Bi (10<sup>18</sup> year) have been measured with the use of a 10-m focal-length Czerny-Turner grating monochromator, and the isotope shift between them was obtained. The radioactive isotope 206.Bi was produced by proton bombardment of 208.Pb. A radiochemical procedure was developed for separating the radioactive bismuth from the lead target and transferring it into an electrodeless lamp. The light source contained about 10 ng of 206.Bi. From an analysis of the hfs in the 6p3. 4.S<sub>1/2</sub> and 6p2.7s 4.P<sub>1/2</sub> states, a value of 121±13 mK was obtained for the 206.Bi–209.Bi isotope shift in the 3067-Å resonance line. The possible effect on this value of perturbations by other isotopes is discussed.

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  1. C. S. Wu, International Nuclear Physics Conference, R. L. Becker and A. Zucker, Eds. (Academic Press Inc., New York, 1967), p. 419; V. L. Telegdi, Atomic Physics, B. Bederson, V. W. Cohen, and F. M. J. Pichanick, Eds. (Plenum Press, New York 1969), p. 551; O. I. Sumbaev and A. F. Mezentsev, Sov. Phys. �" JETP 22, 323 (1966); R. T. Brockmeier, F. Boehm, and E. N. Hatch, Phys. Rev. Letters 15, 132 (1965); R. B. Chester, F. Boehm, and R. T. Brockmeier, Phys. Rev. Letters 18, 953 (1967).
  2. W. J. Tomlinson III and H. H. Stroke, Nuclear Phys. 60, 614 (1964); O. Redi and H. H. Stroke, Phys. Letters 8, 257 (1964).
  3. W. J. Tomlinson III and H. H. Stroke, Phys. Rev. Letters 8, 436 (1962).
  4. R. J. Hull and H. H. Stroke, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 51, 1203 (1961).
  5. R. S. Title and K. F. Smith, Phil. Mag. 5, 1281 (1960).
  6. I. Lindgren and C. M. Johansson, Arkiv Fysik 15, 445 (1959).
  7. H. Schüler and T. Schmidt, Z. Physik 99, 717 (1936).
  8. R. Chuckrow, P. C. Magnante, and H. H. Stroke, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 58, 922 (1968).
  9. L. O. Dickie and F. M. Kelly, Can. J. Phys. 45, 2249 (1967).
  10. R. Winkler, II. Physikalisches Institut der Universität Berlin, private communication to H.H.S., 24 September 1968.
  11. See, for example, H. Kopfermann, Nuclear Moments, transl. by E. E. Schneider (Academic Press Inc., New York, 1958).
  12. A. Bohr and V. F. Weisskopf, Phys. Rev. 77, 94 (1950).
  13. H. H. Stroke, R. J. Blin-Stoyle, and V. Jaccarino, Phys. Rev. 123, 1326 (1961).
  14. R. E. Bell and H. M. Skarsgard, Can. J. Phys. 34, 745 (1956).
  15. D. Strominger, J. M. Hollander, and G. T. Seaborg, Rev. Mod. Phys. 30, II, 585 (1958).
  16. H. H. Stroke and K. K. Y. Li, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 51, 678 (1961).
  17. H. H. Stroke, V. Jaccarino, D. S. Edmonds, Jr., and R. Weiss, Phys. Rev. 105, 590 (1957).
  18. M. H. Brennan and A. M. Bernstein, Phys. Rev. 120, 927 (1960).
  19. E. U. Condon and G. H. Shortley, The Theory of Atomic Spectra (The University Press, Cambridge, England, 1951).
  20. A. R. Edmonds, Angular Momentum in Quantum Mechanics (Princeton University Press, Princeton, N. J., 1957).
  21. M. Rotenberg, R. Bivins, N. Metropolis, J. K. Wooten, Jr., The 3-j and 6-j Symbols (The Technology Press, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass., 1959).

Bell, R. E.

R. E. Bell and H. M. Skarsgard, Can. J. Phys. 34, 745 (1956).

Bernstein, A. M.

M. H. Brennan and A. M. Bernstein, Phys. Rev. 120, 927 (1960).

Bivins, R.

M. Rotenberg, R. Bivins, N. Metropolis, J. K. Wooten, Jr., The 3-j and 6-j Symbols (The Technology Press, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass., 1959).

Blin-Stoyle, R. J.

H. H. Stroke, R. J. Blin-Stoyle, and V. Jaccarino, Phys. Rev. 123, 1326 (1961).

Bohr, A.

A. Bohr and V. F. Weisskopf, Phys. Rev. 77, 94 (1950).

Brennan, M. H.

M. H. Brennan and A. M. Bernstein, Phys. Rev. 120, 927 (1960).

Chuckrow, R.

R. Chuckrow, P. C. Magnante, and H. H. Stroke, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 58, 922 (1968).

Condon, E. U.

E. U. Condon and G. H. Shortley, The Theory of Atomic Spectra (The University Press, Cambridge, England, 1951).

Dickie, L. O.

L. O. Dickie and F. M. Kelly, Can. J. Phys. 45, 2249 (1967).

Edmonds, A. R.

A. R. Edmonds, Angular Momentum in Quantum Mechanics (Princeton University Press, Princeton, N. J., 1957).

Edmonds, Jr., D. S.

H. H. Stroke, V. Jaccarino, D. S. Edmonds, Jr., and R. Weiss, Phys. Rev. 105, 590 (1957).

Hollander, J. M.

D. Strominger, J. M. Hollander, and G. T. Seaborg, Rev. Mod. Phys. 30, II, 585 (1958).

Hull, R. J.

R. J. Hull and H. H. Stroke, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 51, 1203 (1961).

Jaccarino, V.

H. H. Stroke, V. Jaccarino, D. S. Edmonds, Jr., and R. Weiss, Phys. Rev. 105, 590 (1957).

H. H. Stroke, R. J. Blin-Stoyle, and V. Jaccarino, Phys. Rev. 123, 1326 (1961).

Johansson, C. M.

I. Lindgren and C. M. Johansson, Arkiv Fysik 15, 445 (1959).

Kelly, F. M.

L. O. Dickie and F. M. Kelly, Can. J. Phys. 45, 2249 (1967).

Kopfermann, H.

See, for example, H. Kopfermann, Nuclear Moments, transl. by E. E. Schneider (Academic Press Inc., New York, 1958).

Li, K. K. Y.

H. H. Stroke and K. K. Y. Li, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 51, 678 (1961).

Lindgren, I.

I. Lindgren and C. M. Johansson, Arkiv Fysik 15, 445 (1959).

Magnante, P. C.

R. Chuckrow, P. C. Magnante, and H. H. Stroke, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 58, 922 (1968).

Metropolis, N.

M. Rotenberg, R. Bivins, N. Metropolis, J. K. Wooten, Jr., The 3-j and 6-j Symbols (The Technology Press, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass., 1959).

Rotenberg, M.

M. Rotenberg, R. Bivins, N. Metropolis, J. K. Wooten, Jr., The 3-j and 6-j Symbols (The Technology Press, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass., 1959).

Schmidt, T.

H. Schüler and T. Schmidt, Z. Physik 99, 717 (1936).

Schüler, H.

H. Schüler and T. Schmidt, Z. Physik 99, 717 (1936).

Seaborg, G. T.

D. Strominger, J. M. Hollander, and G. T. Seaborg, Rev. Mod. Phys. 30, II, 585 (1958).

Shortley, G. H.

E. U. Condon and G. H. Shortley, The Theory of Atomic Spectra (The University Press, Cambridge, England, 1951).

Skarsgard, H. M.

R. E. Bell and H. M. Skarsgard, Can. J. Phys. 34, 745 (1956).

Smith, K. F.

R. S. Title and K. F. Smith, Phil. Mag. 5, 1281 (1960).

Stroke, H. H.

W. J. Tomlinson III and H. H. Stroke, Phys. Rev. Letters 8, 436 (1962).

R. J. Hull and H. H. Stroke, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 51, 1203 (1961).

W. J. Tomlinson III and H. H. Stroke, Nuclear Phys. 60, 614 (1964); O. Redi and H. H. Stroke, Phys. Letters 8, 257 (1964).

R. Chuckrow, P. C. Magnante, and H. H. Stroke, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 58, 922 (1968).

H. H. Stroke, R. J. Blin-Stoyle, and V. Jaccarino, Phys. Rev. 123, 1326 (1961).

H. H. Stroke and K. K. Y. Li, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 51, 678 (1961).

H. H. Stroke, V. Jaccarino, D. S. Edmonds, Jr., and R. Weiss, Phys. Rev. 105, 590 (1957).

Strominger, D.

D. Strominger, J. M. Hollander, and G. T. Seaborg, Rev. Mod. Phys. 30, II, 585 (1958).

Title, R. S.

R. S. Title and K. F. Smith, Phil. Mag. 5, 1281 (1960).

Tomlinson III, W. J.

W. J. Tomlinson III and H. H. Stroke, Phys. Rev. Letters 8, 436 (1962).

W. J. Tomlinson III and H. H. Stroke, Nuclear Phys. 60, 614 (1964); O. Redi and H. H. Stroke, Phys. Letters 8, 257 (1964).

Weiss, R.

H. H. Stroke, V. Jaccarino, D. S. Edmonds, Jr., and R. Weiss, Phys. Rev. 105, 590 (1957).

Weisskopf, V. F.

A. Bohr and V. F. Weisskopf, Phys. Rev. 77, 94 (1950).

Winkler, R.

R. Winkler, II. Physikalisches Institut der Universität Berlin, private communication to H.H.S., 24 September 1968.

Wooten, Jr., J. K.

M. Rotenberg, R. Bivins, N. Metropolis, J. K. Wooten, Jr., The 3-j and 6-j Symbols (The Technology Press, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass., 1959).

Wu, C. S.

C. S. Wu, International Nuclear Physics Conference, R. L. Becker and A. Zucker, Eds. (Academic Press Inc., New York, 1967), p. 419; V. L. Telegdi, Atomic Physics, B. Bederson, V. W. Cohen, and F. M. J. Pichanick, Eds. (Plenum Press, New York 1969), p. 551; O. I. Sumbaev and A. F. Mezentsev, Sov. Phys. �" JETP 22, 323 (1966); R. T. Brockmeier, F. Boehm, and E. N. Hatch, Phys. Rev. Letters 15, 132 (1965); R. B. Chester, F. Boehm, and R. T. Brockmeier, Phys. Rev. Letters 18, 953 (1967).

Other

C. S. Wu, International Nuclear Physics Conference, R. L. Becker and A. Zucker, Eds. (Academic Press Inc., New York, 1967), p. 419; V. L. Telegdi, Atomic Physics, B. Bederson, V. W. Cohen, and F. M. J. Pichanick, Eds. (Plenum Press, New York 1969), p. 551; O. I. Sumbaev and A. F. Mezentsev, Sov. Phys. �" JETP 22, 323 (1966); R. T. Brockmeier, F. Boehm, and E. N. Hatch, Phys. Rev. Letters 15, 132 (1965); R. B. Chester, F. Boehm, and R. T. Brockmeier, Phys. Rev. Letters 18, 953 (1967).

W. J. Tomlinson III and H. H. Stroke, Nuclear Phys. 60, 614 (1964); O. Redi and H. H. Stroke, Phys. Letters 8, 257 (1964).

W. J. Tomlinson III and H. H. Stroke, Phys. Rev. Letters 8, 436 (1962).

R. J. Hull and H. H. Stroke, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 51, 1203 (1961).

R. S. Title and K. F. Smith, Phil. Mag. 5, 1281 (1960).

I. Lindgren and C. M. Johansson, Arkiv Fysik 15, 445 (1959).

H. Schüler and T. Schmidt, Z. Physik 99, 717 (1936).

R. Chuckrow, P. C. Magnante, and H. H. Stroke, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 58, 922 (1968).

L. O. Dickie and F. M. Kelly, Can. J. Phys. 45, 2249 (1967).

R. Winkler, II. Physikalisches Institut der Universität Berlin, private communication to H.H.S., 24 September 1968.

See, for example, H. Kopfermann, Nuclear Moments, transl. by E. E. Schneider (Academic Press Inc., New York, 1958).

A. Bohr and V. F. Weisskopf, Phys. Rev. 77, 94 (1950).

H. H. Stroke, R. J. Blin-Stoyle, and V. Jaccarino, Phys. Rev. 123, 1326 (1961).

R. E. Bell and H. M. Skarsgard, Can. J. Phys. 34, 745 (1956).

D. Strominger, J. M. Hollander, and G. T. Seaborg, Rev. Mod. Phys. 30, II, 585 (1958).

H. H. Stroke and K. K. Y. Li, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 51, 678 (1961).

H. H. Stroke, V. Jaccarino, D. S. Edmonds, Jr., and R. Weiss, Phys. Rev. 105, 590 (1957).

M. H. Brennan and A. M. Bernstein, Phys. Rev. 120, 927 (1960).

E. U. Condon and G. H. Shortley, The Theory of Atomic Spectra (The University Press, Cambridge, England, 1951).

A. R. Edmonds, Angular Momentum in Quantum Mechanics (Princeton University Press, Princeton, N. J., 1957).

M. Rotenberg, R. Bivins, N. Metropolis, J. K. Wooten, Jr., The 3-j and 6-j Symbols (The Technology Press, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass., 1959).

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