Abstract

Information contained in evanescent wave fields was recorded by holographic techniques. Internal reflection within a highly refractive liquid was used to create evanescent surface waves in the emulsion of immersed high-resolution photographic plates. The holograms have unique properties. When reconstructed by an evanescent wave, two mirror images of the same kind were formed; however, two conjugate images were obtained by reversing the direction of the surface wave. Although the holograms are very thin with fringes confined to the surface of the emulsion, they reconstruct in white light and exhibit frequency-selection properties similar to thick holograms.

© 1969 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. D. Gabor in Progress in Optics I, E. Wolf, Ed. (North-Holland Publ. Co., Amsterdam, 1961), p. 118.
  2. Principles of Optics, M. Born and E. Wolf, Eds. (Pergamon Press, Inc., New York, 1964), p. 561.
  3. H. Nassenstein, Phys. Letters 28A, 249 (1968).
  4. H. K. V. Lotsch, J. Opt. Soc Am. 58, 551 (1968).
    [Crossref]

1968 (2)

H. Nassenstein, Phys. Letters 28A, 249 (1968).

H. K. V. Lotsch, J. Opt. Soc Am. 58, 551 (1968).
[Crossref]

Gabor, D.

D. Gabor in Progress in Optics I, E. Wolf, Ed. (North-Holland Publ. Co., Amsterdam, 1961), p. 118.

Lotsch, H. K. V.

H. K. V. Lotsch, J. Opt. Soc Am. 58, 551 (1968).
[Crossref]

Nassenstein, H.

H. Nassenstein, Phys. Letters 28A, 249 (1968).

J. Opt. Soc Am. (1)

H. K. V. Lotsch, J. Opt. Soc Am. 58, 551 (1968).
[Crossref]

Phys. Letters (1)

H. Nassenstein, Phys. Letters 28A, 249 (1968).

Other (2)

D. Gabor in Progress in Optics I, E. Wolf, Ed. (North-Holland Publ. Co., Amsterdam, 1961), p. 118.

Principles of Optics, M. Born and E. Wolf, Eds. (Pergamon Press, Inc., New York, 1964), p. 561.

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Figures (5)

F. 1
F. 1

Photographs of the optical setup. (a) An arrangement for recording evanescent-wave holograms and (b) the corresponding reconstruction is shown.

F. 2
F. 2

Recording and reconstruction schemes for holograms formed by interference between an ordinary object wave o and an evanescent reference wave r. The hologram recorded in (a) as well as (b) gives the same reconstructed waves—true wave field o and complex-conjugate wave field o*—using the arrangements shown in (c), (d), (e), and (f).

F. 3
F. 3

Recording and reconstruction schemes for holograms formed by interference between an evanescent object wave o and an ordinary reference wave r. The hologram recorded in (a) as well as (b) gives the same reconstructed waves—true wave field o and complex-conjugate wave field o*—using the arrangements shown in (c), (d), (e), and (f).

F. 4
F. 4

Recording and reconstruction schemes for a hologram formed by interference between an evanescent object wave o and an evanescent reference wave r. (b) and (c) show the directions of the reconstructed true wave field o and complex-conjugate wave field o* for opposite directions of the illuminating evanescent wave.

F. 5
F. 5

Recording and reconstruction schemes for a hologram formed by interference between an evanescent object wave o and an evanescent reference wave r. (b) and (c) show the directions of the reconstructed true wave field o and complex-conjugate wave field o* for opposite directions of the illuminating evanescent wave.

Equations (3)

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d = λ ( 2 π n s ) 1 ( sin 2 α sin 2 α c ) 1 2
sin α c = n e / n s ,
λ e = λ n s 1 ( sin α ) 1 .