The irradiance fluctuations of beams which propagate through a turbulent medium can be used to infer the spatial spectrum of the turbulent scatterers. The propagation of Goubau-type beam waves in a random medium is used to show that amplitude fluctuations depend upon the transmitter aperture size, observation distance, and wavelength. Most of the results are presented in terms of a parameter, αL, which is inversely proportional to the Fresnel number, πW02/Lλ. A Monte Carlo numerical procedure is used to obtain the normalized mean-square log-amplitude fluctuation as a function of the inverse Fresnel number for various magnitudes of the turbulence inner scale. The applicability of these procedures to measured turbulence spectra is also discussed.
© 1969 Optical Society of AmericaFull Article | PDF Article
J. I. Davis
Appl. Opt. 5(1) 139-147 (1966)
C. E. Coulman and J. Vernin
Appl. Opt. 30(1) 118-126 (1991)
Frederick P. Carlson and Akira Ishimaru
J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59(3) 319-327 (1969)