Abstract

The optical properties of silver chloride at room temperature have been determined in the energy range 2–21 eV by means of reflectivity measurements. In addition to the first reflection peak at 4.7 eV, a pronounced peak at 7.1 eV, lesser peaks at 10.6 and 13.2 eV, and shoulders at 6.0 and 8.2 eV were observed. The reflectivity decreased monotonically for energies greater than 14.0 eV. A Kramers–Kronig analysis was employed to calculate the phase shift on reflection and the resulting optical constants. Vacuum-ultraviolet spectra of R, α, n, κ, 1, and 2 of silver chloride are given for the first time. Details of these measurements and calculations, and tentative interpretations of the observed structure are explained.

© 1968 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

1965 (2)

F. Bassani, R. S. Knox, and W. B. Fowler, Phys. Rev. 137, A1217 (1965).
[CrossRef]

P. M. Scop, Phys. Rev. 139, A934 (1965).
[CrossRef]

1964 (3)

J. J. White, R. D. Powell, and J. W. Straley, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 9, 630 (1964).

H. R. Philipp and H. Ehrenreich, J. Appl Phys. 35, 1416 (1964).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Phillips, Phys. Rev. Letters 12, 142 (1964); Phys. Rev. 136, A1705 (1964); Phys. Rev. 136, A1714 (1964); Phys. Rev. 136, A1721 (1964).
[CrossRef]

1963 (1)

1961 (3)

R. E. Morrison, Phys. Rev. 124, 1314 (1961).
[CrossRef]

P. L. Hartman and R. C. Merrill, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 51, 168 (1961).
[CrossRef]

F. C. Brown, T. Masumi, and H. H. Tippins, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 22, 101 (1961); see also F. C. Brown, J. Chem. Phys. 66, 2368 (1962).
[CrossRef]

1960 (1)

1957 (3)

F. C. Jahoda, Phys. Rev. 107, 1261 (1957).
[CrossRef]

S. Tutihasi, Phys. Rev. 105, 882 (1957).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Koester and M. P. Givens, Phys. Rev. 106, 241 (1957).
[CrossRef]

1956 (2)

F. Moser and F. Urbach, Phys. Rev. 102, 1519 (1956).
[CrossRef]

Y. Okamoto, Nachr. Akad. Wiss. Goettingen IIa,  14, 275 (1956).

1951 (2)

1950 (1)

1931 (1)

H. Schröter, Z. Physik 67, 24 (1931).
[CrossRef]

Bassani, F.

F. Bassani, R. S. Knox, and W. B. Fowler, Phys. Rev. 137, A1217 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Brown, F. C.

F. C. Brown, T. Masumi, and H. H. Tippins, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 22, 101 (1961); see also F. C. Brown, J. Chem. Phys. 66, 2368 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Ehrenreich, H.

H. R. Philipp and H. Ehrenreich, J. Appl Phys. 35, 1416 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Fowler, W. B.

F. Bassani, R. S. Knox, and W. B. Fowler, Phys. Rev. 137, A1217 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Givens, M. P.

C. J. Koester and M. P. Givens, Phys. Rev. 106, 241 (1957).
[CrossRef]

Hartman, P. L.

Hildebrand, F. B.

F. B. Hildebrand, Introduction to Numerical Analysis (McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1956), p. 259.

Jahoda, F. C.

F. C. Jahoda, Phys. Rev. 107, 1261 (1957).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, F. S.

Knapp, R. A.

Knox, R. S.

F. Bassani, R. S. Knox, and W. B. Fowler, Phys. Rev. 137, A1217 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Koester, C. J.

C. J. Koester and M. P. Givens, Phys. Rev. 106, 241 (1957).
[CrossRef]

Krumhansel, J. A.

J. A. Krumhansel, in Photoconductivity Conference, Ed. by R. G. Breckenridge and et al. (John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1956), p. 450.

Martienssen, W.

W. Martienssen, in Proceedings of the International Conference on Semiconductor Physics (Czechoslovak Academy of Science, Prague, 1960), p. 760.

Masumi, T.

F. C. Brown, T. Masumi, and H. H. Tippins, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 22, 101 (1961); see also F. C. Brown, J. Chem. Phys. 66, 2368 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Merrill, R. C.

Milliman, P. D.

P. D. Milliman, Master’s thesis, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, 1953.

Morrison, R. E.

R. E. Morrison, Phys. Rev. 124, 1314 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Moser, F.

F. Moser and F. Urbach, Phys. Rev. 102, 1519 (1956).
[CrossRef]

Moss, T. S.

T. S. Moss, Optical Properties of Semiconductors (Butterworths Scientific Publ. Ltd., London, 1959), p. 25.

Okamoto, Y.

Y. Okamoto, Nachr. Akad. Wiss. Goettingen IIa,  14, 275 (1956).

Peterson, C. W.

C. W. Peterson, Ph.D. dissertation, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, 1964.

Philipp, H. R.

H. R. Philipp and H. Ehrenreich, J. Appl Phys. 35, 1416 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Phillips, J. C.

J. C. Phillips, Phys. Rev. Letters 12, 142 (1964); Phys. Rev. 136, A1705 (1964); Phys. Rev. 136, A1714 (1964); Phys. Rev. 136, A1721 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Plyler, E. K.

Powell, R. D.

J. J. White, R. D. Powell, and J. W. Straley, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 9, 630 (1964).

Schröter, H.

H. Schröter, Z. Physik 67, 24 (1931).
[CrossRef]

Scop, P. M.

P. M. Scop, Phys. Rev. 139, A934 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Sietz, F.

F. Sietz, Rev. Mod. Phys. 23, 328 (1951).
[CrossRef]

Smith, A.

Stephens, R. E.

Straley, J. W.

J. J. White, R. D. Powell, and J. W. Straley, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 9, 630 (1964).

Tilton, L. W.

Tippins, H. H.

F. C. Brown, T. Masumi, and H. H. Tippins, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 22, 101 (1961); see also F. C. Brown, J. Chem. Phys. 66, 2368 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Tousey, R.

Tutihasi, S.

S. Tutihasi, Phys. Rev. 105, 882 (1957).
[CrossRef]

Urbach, F.

F. Moser and F. Urbach, Phys. Rev. 102, 1519 (1956).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, K.

White, J. J.

J. J. White, R. D. Powell, and J. W. Straley, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 9, 630 (1964).

J. J. White, Ph.D. dissertation, Univ. of N. C., Chapel Hill, N. C., 1965.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. (1)

J. J. White, R. D. Powell, and J. W. Straley, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 9, 630 (1964).

J. Appl Phys. (1)

H. R. Philipp and H. Ehrenreich, J. Appl Phys. 35, 1416 (1964).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (4)

J. Phys. Chem. Solids (1)

F. C. Brown, T. Masumi, and H. H. Tippins, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 22, 101 (1961); see also F. C. Brown, J. Chem. Phys. 66, 2368 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Nachr. Akad. Wiss. Goettingen IIa (1)

Y. Okamoto, Nachr. Akad. Wiss. Goettingen IIa,  14, 275 (1956).

Phys. Rev. (7)

S. Tutihasi, Phys. Rev. 105, 882 (1957).
[CrossRef]

F. Bassani, R. S. Knox, and W. B. Fowler, Phys. Rev. 137, A1217 (1965).
[CrossRef]

F. Moser and F. Urbach, Phys. Rev. 102, 1519 (1956).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Koester and M. P. Givens, Phys. Rev. 106, 241 (1957).
[CrossRef]

P. M. Scop, Phys. Rev. 139, A934 (1965).
[CrossRef]

R. E. Morrison, Phys. Rev. 124, 1314 (1961).
[CrossRef]

F. C. Jahoda, Phys. Rev. 107, 1261 (1957).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Letters (1)

J. C. Phillips, Phys. Rev. Letters 12, 142 (1964); Phys. Rev. 136, A1705 (1964); Phys. Rev. 136, A1714 (1964); Phys. Rev. 136, A1721 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

F. Sietz, Rev. Mod. Phys. 23, 328 (1951).
[CrossRef]

Z. Physik (1)

H. Schröter, Z. Physik 67, 24 (1931).
[CrossRef]

Other (7)

C. W. Peterson, Ph.D. dissertation, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, 1964.

J. A. Krumhansel, in Photoconductivity Conference, Ed. by R. G. Breckenridge and et al. (John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1956), p. 450.

W. Martienssen, in Proceedings of the International Conference on Semiconductor Physics (Czechoslovak Academy of Science, Prague, 1960), p. 760.

P. D. Milliman, Master’s thesis, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, 1953.

T. S. Moss, Optical Properties of Semiconductors (Butterworths Scientific Publ. Ltd., London, 1959), p. 25.

F. B. Hildebrand, Introduction to Numerical Analysis (McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1956), p. 259.

J. J. White, Ph.D. dissertation, Univ. of N. C., Chapel Hill, N. C., 1965.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The reflectivity spectrum of silver chloride at room temperature. The transitions shown are due to Bassani, Knox, and Fowler (see Ref. 5).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

A semilog plot of far-uv reflectivity data yields an exponential fit with a slope of −0.106 eV−1.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The sum of the squares of the phase shift in the transparent region vs the adjustable parameter A. The minimizing value of A = 2.295 was chosen for the final Kramers–Kronig calculation.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The reflectivity and computed absorption coefficient of silver chloride at room temperature vs energy.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The computed index of refraction and extinction coefficient of silver chloride at room temperature vs energy.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

The computed complex dielectric constant of silver chloride at room temperature vs energy. 1 = n2κ2, 2 = 2nκ.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E R / E I = ( R ) e i θ ,
θ ( E ) = E π 0 ln R ( E ) ln R ( E ) E E 2 d E ,
ln R ( E ) = A ln ( E / E f ) + ln R f ,