Abstract

<p>The normalized transfer function of an elliptical annular aperture for incoherent illumination is derived. The relationship between the formulation developed here and a problem occurring in the diffraction from apertures illuminated with partially coherent radiation is shown. Results are discussed in terms of spatial-filtering concepts, with emphasis on the behavior of the cutoff frequency and the passband characteristics in the spatial-frequency plane.</p><p>The effect of the aperture ellipticity for arbitrary annulus width is to introduce an asymmetry in the behavior of the cutoff frequency. The presence of a central obstruction, for arbitrary ellipticity, emphasizes the high-frequency transmission, with the region of emphasis dependent upon the angular orientation in the frequency plane.</p>

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  1. E. L. O'Neill, Introduction to Statistical Optics (Addison-Wesley Publishing Co., Inc., Reading, Mass., 1963), Chs. 5 and 6.
  2. M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 2nd ed. (Pergamon Press, New York, 1964), Secs. 9.5 and 10.5.3.
  3. Ref. 1, p. 77.
  4. If u, v are the rectangular coordinates defining a point in the aperture, then µ=ku/d, v=kv/d are the reduced coordinates, where k is the wave vector, and d is the distance from the aperture to the plane for which the transfer function is computed.
  5. Ref. 1, p. 76.
  6. Reference 1, references on pp. 95 and 103.
  7. R. Barakat and A. Houston, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 55, 538, (1965).
  8. E. L. O'Neill, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 46, 285 (1956).
  9. J. V. Cornacchio and R. P. Soni, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 55, 107 (1965). The transformation involved is also used in the analysis of Fraunhofer diffraction from planar apertures, see Ref. 2, p. 399.
  10. J. V. Cornacchio, Phys. Letters 15, 306 (1965).
  11. J. V. Cornacchio and R. P. Soni, Nuovo Cimento 38, 1169 (1965).
  12. J. V. Cornacchio and K. A. Farnham, Nuovo Cimento 42, 108 (1966).
  13. There is an error in the result given in Ref. 8. Although the graphs are correct, the term C, as given in that reference, must have the factor -2η2 added to it in the interval [1-η, 1+η]. In fact, C(Ω), and therefore τ˜ (Ω), is discontinuous at Ω = 1∓η by this amount.

O’Neill, E. L.

E. L. O'Neill, Introduction to Statistical Optics (Addison-Wesley Publishing Co., Inc., Reading, Mass., 1963), Chs. 5 and 6.

Barakat, R.

R. Barakat and A. Houston, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 55, 538, (1965).

Born, M.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 2nd ed. (Pergamon Press, New York, 1964), Secs. 9.5 and 10.5.3.

Cornacchio, J. V.

J. V. Cornacchio and R. P. Soni, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 55, 107 (1965). The transformation involved is also used in the analysis of Fraunhofer diffraction from planar apertures, see Ref. 2, p. 399.

J. V. Cornacchio, Phys. Letters 15, 306 (1965).

J. V. Cornacchio and K. A. Farnham, Nuovo Cimento 42, 108 (1966).

J. V. Cornacchio and R. P. Soni, Nuovo Cimento 38, 1169 (1965).

Farnham, K. A.

J. V. Cornacchio and K. A. Farnham, Nuovo Cimento 42, 108 (1966).

Houston, A.

R. Barakat and A. Houston, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 55, 538, (1965).

O’Neill, E. L.

E. L. O'Neill, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 46, 285 (1956).

Soni, R. P.

J. V. Cornacchio and R. P. Soni, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 55, 107 (1965). The transformation involved is also used in the analysis of Fraunhofer diffraction from planar apertures, see Ref. 2, p. 399.

J. V. Cornacchio and R. P. Soni, Nuovo Cimento 38, 1169 (1965).

Wolf, E.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 2nd ed. (Pergamon Press, New York, 1964), Secs. 9.5 and 10.5.3.

Other (13)

E. L. O'Neill, Introduction to Statistical Optics (Addison-Wesley Publishing Co., Inc., Reading, Mass., 1963), Chs. 5 and 6.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 2nd ed. (Pergamon Press, New York, 1964), Secs. 9.5 and 10.5.3.

Ref. 1, p. 77.

If u, v are the rectangular coordinates defining a point in the aperture, then µ=ku/d, v=kv/d are the reduced coordinates, where k is the wave vector, and d is the distance from the aperture to the plane for which the transfer function is computed.

Ref. 1, p. 76.

Reference 1, references on pp. 95 and 103.

R. Barakat and A. Houston, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 55, 538, (1965).

E. L. O'Neill, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 46, 285 (1956).

J. V. Cornacchio and R. P. Soni, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 55, 107 (1965). The transformation involved is also used in the analysis of Fraunhofer diffraction from planar apertures, see Ref. 2, p. 399.

J. V. Cornacchio, Phys. Letters 15, 306 (1965).

J. V. Cornacchio and R. P. Soni, Nuovo Cimento 38, 1169 (1965).

J. V. Cornacchio and K. A. Farnham, Nuovo Cimento 42, 108 (1966).

There is an error in the result given in Ref. 8. Although the graphs are correct, the term C, as given in that reference, must have the factor -2η2 added to it in the interval [1-η, 1+η]. In fact, C(Ω), and therefore τ˜ (Ω), is discontinuous at Ω = 1∓η by this amount.

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