Abstract

A new visual threshold lying between the colors that appear to contain gray and those that appear fluorescent has been determined as a function of dominant wavelength at high purity on a white (7000 K) background. The function is found to be an approximately constant multiple of the previously known purity threshold; it is independent of purity and hence is named chromatic threshold. The value of the function for any given chromaticity is shown to be a measure of its chromatic strength in (a) neutralizing its complementary color, (b) producing Munsell Chroma. It is considered also in terms of the Hering–Johansson “Natural Color System,” where it appears to specify the “clear” series, and in terms of the Ostwald System.

© 1967 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. Fluorence and fluorent are words coined by one of us2 to describe the appearance of fluorescence and the characteristic of so appearing, respectively. Use of distinct words is a reminder that physical fluorescence is not necessary to produce the appearance.
  2. R. M. Evans, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 49, 1049 (1959).
    [Crossref]
  3. D. Jameson and L. M. Hurvich, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 45, 546 (1955).
    [Crossref]
  4. R. H. Sinden, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 7, 1123 (1923).
    [Crossref]
  5. D. L. MacAdam, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 28, 103 (1938).
    [Crossref]
  6. T. Johansson, Rev. Opt. 28, 241 (1949).
  7. S. M. Newhall, D. Nickerson, and D. B. Judd, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 33, 385 (1943).
    [Crossref]
  8. G. Wyszecki and W. S. Stiles, Color Science (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1967), p. 217.

1959 (1)

1955 (1)

1949 (1)

T. Johansson, Rev. Opt. 28, 241 (1949).

1943 (1)

1938 (1)

1923 (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (5)

Rev. Opt. (1)

T. Johansson, Rev. Opt. 28, 241 (1949).

Other (2)

G. Wyszecki and W. S. Stiles, Color Science (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1967), p. 217.

Fluorence and fluorent are words coined by one of us2 to describe the appearance of fluorescence and the characteristic of so appearing, respectively. Use of distinct words is a reminder that physical fluorescence is not necessary to produce the appearance.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of instrument.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

CIE diagram showing filter chromaticities.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Threshold between fluorence and gray content for observer RME.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The solid line is the saturation discrimination curve predicted by Jameson and Hurvich. Our experimental data are represented by the X’s.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The solid line is the ratio of the calculated chromatic moment of our filters and of their complements. X = log10(Lc/Lλ) at G0.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Log luminance of (a) surround, (b) G0, (c) chromatic component as a function of colorimetric purity for dominant wavelength 453 nm.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Log luminance of (a) surround, (b) G0, (c) chromatic component as a function of colorimetric purity for dominant wavelength 543 nm.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Solid line S is the luminance of the surround. Curve G0 is the locus of G0 colors for dominant wavelength 482 nm. Curve A is the chromatic threshold for this dominant wavelength. Line B represents the chromatic component of all colors tying on Curve A.