Abstract

The refractivity of nitrogen gas has been measured, with high relative precision, at vacuum wavelengths from 4679 Å to 20 586 Å. The absolute value of refractivity for 5462 Å, reduced to one atmosphere at 0°C., is 2.991×10-4. A dispersion formula fitting the data well at 15°C. is 108 (n-1) = 6497.378+3073 864.9/ (144-σ2), where σ is wave number in reciprocal microns. This is compared to Svensson’s dispersion formula for air. Alternative dispersion formulas are discussed. Quantities related to dispersion are deduced: mean absorption frequency, effective total oscillator strength., dielectric constant, Verdet constant, and Rayleigh scattering coefficient.

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  13. See American Institute of Physics Handbook (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1957), 1st ed., p. 2–99.
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  15. Reference 14, p. 3366.
  16. E. R. Peck, B. N. Khanna, and N. C. Anderholm, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 52, 536 (1962).
  17. MIT Spectroscopy Laboratory, Tables of Wavelengths (John Wiley & Sons Inc., N. Y., 1939).
  18. K. Svensson, Arkiv Fysik 16, 361 (1960).
  19. G. Herzberg, Molecular Spectra and Molecular Structure (Van Nostrand, New York, 1950), Vol. I, p. 449.
  20. Reference 19, p. 343.
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  22. L. Essen, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) B66, 189 (1953).
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  24. L. Ingersoll and D. Liebenberg, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 44, 566 (1954).
  25. L. Rosenfeld, Z. Phys. 57, 835 (1929).
  26. R. Serber, Phys. Rev. 41, 489 (1932).
  27. R. Lageman and F. Slack, Phys. Rev. 49, 807 (1936).
  28. T. George, L. Goldstein, L. Slama, and M. Yokoyama, Phys. Rev. 137, A369 (1965).

Anderholm, N. C.

E. R. Peck, B. N. Khanna, and N. C. Anderholm, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 52, 536 (1962).

Bennett, C. E.

C. E. Bennett, Phys. Rev. 37, 263 (1931).

Buckley, F.

A. Maryott and F. Buckley, U. S. Natl. Bur. Std. Circ. 537, 3 (1953).

Cuthbertson, C.

C. Cuthbertson and M. Cuthbertson, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) 83A, 151 (1910).

Cuthbertson, M.

C. Cuthbertson and M. Cuthbertson, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) 83A, 151 (1910).

Essen, L.

L. Essen and K. D. Froome, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) B64, 862 (1951).

L. Essen, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) B66, 189 (1953).

Fisher, D. J.

E. R. Peck and D. J. Fisher, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 54, 1362 (1964).

Froome, K. D.

L. Essen and K. D. Froome, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) B64, 862 (1951).

George, T.

T. George, L. Goldstein, L. Slama, and M. Yokoyama, Phys. Rev. 137, A369 (1965).

Goldstein, L.

T. George, L. Goldstein, L. Slama, and M. Yokoyama, Phys. Rev. 137, A369 (1965).

Görlacher, H.

J. Tausz and H. Görlacher, Z. Tekhn. Phys. 12, 19, 123 (1931).

Herzberg, G.

G. Herzberg, Molecular Spectra and Molecular Structure (Van Nostrand, New York, 1950), Vol. I, p. 449.

Hilsenrath, J.

J. Hilsenrath, U. S. Natl. Bur. Std. Circ. 564, 317 (1955).

Ingersoll, L.

L. Ingersoll and D. Liebenberg, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 44, 566 (1954).

Khanna, B. N.

E. R. Peck, B. N. Khanna, and N. C. Anderholm, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 52, 536 (1962).

E. R. Peck and B. N. Khanna, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 52, 416 (1962).

Koch, J.

J. Koch, Arkiv Math. Astron. Fysik. 9 (No. 6) 1 (1913).

Lageman, R.

R. Lageman and F. Slack, Phys. Rev. 49, 807 (1936).

Liebenberg, D.

L. Ingersoll and D. Liebenberg, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 44, 566 (1954).

Maryott, A.

A. Maryott and F. Buckley, U. S. Natl. Bur. Std. Circ. 537, 3 (1953).

Peck, E. R.

E. R. Peck and D. J. Fisher, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 54, 1362 (1964).

E. R. Peck, B. N. Khanna, and N. C. Anderholm, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 52, 536 (1962).

D. Schlueter and E. R. Peck, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 48, 313 (1958).

E. R. Peck and B. N. Khanna, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 52, 416 (1962).

Rentschler, H.

H. Rentschler, Astrophys. J. 28, 345 (1908).

Rosenfeld, L.

L. Rosenfeld, Z. Phys. 57, 835 (1929).

Scheel, K.

K. Scheel, Ber. Physik. Ges. 5, 24 (1907).

Schlueter, D.

D. Schlueter and E. R. Peck, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 48, 313 (1958).

Serber, R.

R. Serber, Phys. Rev. 41, 489 (1932).

Slack, F.

R. Lageman and F. Slack, Phys. Rev. 49, 807 (1936).

Slama, L.

T. George, L. Goldstein, L. Slama, and M. Yokoyama, Phys. Rev. 137, A369 (1965).

Stoll, E.

E. Stoll, Ann. Physik 69, 81 (1922).

Svensson, K.

K. Svensson, Arkiv Fysik 16, 361 (1960).

Tausz, J.

J. Tausz and H. Görlacher, Z. Tekhn. Phys. 12, 19, 123 (1931).

Wilkinson, P. G.

P. G. Wilkinson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 50, 1002 (1960).

Yokoyama, M.

T. George, L. Goldstein, L. Slama, and M. Yokoyama, Phys. Rev. 137, A369 (1965).

Other (28)

K. Scheel, Ber. Physik. Ges. 5, 24 (1907).

H. Rentschler, Astrophys. J. 28, 345 (1908).

C. Cuthbertson and M. Cuthbertson, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) 83A, 151 (1910).

J. Koch, Arkiv Math. Astron. Fysik. 9 (No. 6) 1 (1913).

E. Stoll, Ann. Physik 69, 81 (1922).

C. E. Bennett, Phys. Rev. 37, 263 (1931).

J. Tausz and H. Görlacher, Z. Tekhn. Phys. 12, 19, 123 (1931).

P. G. Wilkinson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 50, 1002 (1960).

D. Schlueter and E. R. Peck, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 48, 313 (1958).

E. R. Peck and B. N. Khanna, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 52, 416 (1962).

E. R. Peck and D. J. Fisher, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 54, 1362 (1964).

J. Hilsenrath, U. S. Natl. Bur. Std. Circ. 564, 317 (1955).

See American Institute of Physics Handbook (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1957), 1st ed., p. 2–99.

Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (Chemical Rubber Publishing Company, Cleveland, 1959), 41st ed., p. 3372.

Reference 14, p. 3366.

E. R. Peck, B. N. Khanna, and N. C. Anderholm, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 52, 536 (1962).

MIT Spectroscopy Laboratory, Tables of Wavelengths (John Wiley & Sons Inc., N. Y., 1939).

K. Svensson, Arkiv Fysik 16, 361 (1960).

G. Herzberg, Molecular Spectra and Molecular Structure (Van Nostrand, New York, 1950), Vol. I, p. 449.

Reference 19, p. 343.

L. Essen and K. D. Froome, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) B64, 862 (1951).

L. Essen, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) B66, 189 (1953).

A. Maryott and F. Buckley, U. S. Natl. Bur. Std. Circ. 537, 3 (1953).

L. Ingersoll and D. Liebenberg, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 44, 566 (1954).

L. Rosenfeld, Z. Phys. 57, 835 (1929).

R. Serber, Phys. Rev. 41, 489 (1932).

R. Lageman and F. Slack, Phys. Rev. 49, 807 (1936).

T. George, L. Goldstein, L. Slama, and M. Yokoyama, Phys. Rev. 137, A369 (1965).

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