Abstract

Measurement of the brightness, hue, and saturation produced by three different narrow spectral bands having dominant wavelengths of 500, 580, and 660 mμ, was made with intermittent inputs having a rate of 9.8 cps. The PCF (pulse-to-cycle fraction) was 14, and the luminance ranged from 3319 candles/ft2 down to 0.3 candle/ft2. At the higher luminance levels, the 500-mμ waveband produced the greatest brightness; the 660-mμ waveband, the lowest; and the 580-mμ waveband, an intermediate effect. As luminance decreased, the three bands finally became about equally effective around 30 candles/ft2. A range of 200 to 30 candles/ft2 manifested the greatest brightness index. Whereas brightness was above expectations under some conditions, it fell below expectations under others.

The intermittent inputs also produced hue changes and desaturation. Only the 500-mμ band produced large desaturation. When the 660-mμ waveband was used and when luminance was high, hue shifts were toward colors expected of the shorter wavelengths. Only one subject experienced hue shifts for the 580-mμ band; three of the four subjects obtained hue shifts for the 500-mμ band. The results here were complex.

© 1966 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. S. H. Bartley, J. Exptl. Psychol. 19, 342 (1936).
    [Crossref]
  2. S. H. Bartley, J. Exptl. Psychol. 23, 313 (1938).
    [Crossref]
  3. S. H. Bartley, Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 38, 535 (1938).
    [Crossref]
  4. S. H. Bartley, Biol. Symp. 7, 87 (1942).
  5. G. H. Bishop, Am. J. Physiol. 108, 397 (1933).
  6. S. H. Bartley, J. Cell. Comp. Physiol. 8, 41 (1936).
    [Crossref]
  7. S. H. Bartley, J. Exptl. Psychol. 30, 125 (1942).
    [Crossref]
  8. S. H. Bartley and G. H. Bishop, J. Cell. Comp. Physiol. 19, 78 (1942).
    [Crossref]
  9. S. H. Bartley, J. Psychol. 32, 57 (1951).
    [Crossref]
  10. S. H. Bartley, J. Psychol. 32, 217 (1951).
    [Crossref]
  11. S. H. Bartley, A. M. A. Arch. Ophthalmol. 60, 775 (1958).
    [Crossref]
  12. S. H. Bartley and T. M. Nelson, Percept. Mot. Skills 10, 3 (1960).
    [Crossref]
  13. R. J. Ball, Am. J. Optom. 41, 333 (1964).
    [Crossref]
  14. R. J. Ball and S. H. Bartley, Am. J. Optom. 42, 573 (1965).
    [Crossref]
  15. S. H. Bartley and T. M. Nelson, J. Psychol. 50, 323 (1960).
    [Crossref]
  16. T. M. Nelson and S. H. Bartley, J. Psychol. 52, 457 (1961).
    [Crossref]
  17. T. M. Nelson, S. H. Bartley, and W. R. Mackavey, Percept. Mot. Skills 13, 227 (1961).
    [Crossref]
  18. T. M. Nelson, S. H. Bartley, and Z. Ford, J. Psychol. 55, 387 (1963).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. R. J. Ball and G. A. Fry, Am. J. Optom. 36, 200 (1959).
    [Crossref]

1965 (1)

R. J. Ball and S. H. Bartley, Am. J. Optom. 42, 573 (1965).
[Crossref]

1964 (1)

R. J. Ball, Am. J. Optom. 41, 333 (1964).
[Crossref]

1963 (1)

T. M. Nelson, S. H. Bartley, and Z. Ford, J. Psychol. 55, 387 (1963).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1961 (2)

T. M. Nelson and S. H. Bartley, J. Psychol. 52, 457 (1961).
[Crossref]

T. M. Nelson, S. H. Bartley, and W. R. Mackavey, Percept. Mot. Skills 13, 227 (1961).
[Crossref]

1960 (2)

S. H. Bartley and T. M. Nelson, J. Psychol. 50, 323 (1960).
[Crossref]

S. H. Bartley and T. M. Nelson, Percept. Mot. Skills 10, 3 (1960).
[Crossref]

1959 (1)

R. J. Ball and G. A. Fry, Am. J. Optom. 36, 200 (1959).
[Crossref]

1958 (1)

S. H. Bartley, A. M. A. Arch. Ophthalmol. 60, 775 (1958).
[Crossref]

1951 (2)

S. H. Bartley, J. Psychol. 32, 57 (1951).
[Crossref]

S. H. Bartley, J. Psychol. 32, 217 (1951).
[Crossref]

1942 (3)

S. H. Bartley, Biol. Symp. 7, 87 (1942).

S. H. Bartley, J. Exptl. Psychol. 30, 125 (1942).
[Crossref]

S. H. Bartley and G. H. Bishop, J. Cell. Comp. Physiol. 19, 78 (1942).
[Crossref]

1938 (2)

S. H. Bartley, J. Exptl. Psychol. 23, 313 (1938).
[Crossref]

S. H. Bartley, Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 38, 535 (1938).
[Crossref]

1936 (2)

S. H. Bartley, J. Exptl. Psychol. 19, 342 (1936).
[Crossref]

S. H. Bartley, J. Cell. Comp. Physiol. 8, 41 (1936).
[Crossref]

1933 (1)

G. H. Bishop, Am. J. Physiol. 108, 397 (1933).

Ball, R. J.

R. J. Ball and S. H. Bartley, Am. J. Optom. 42, 573 (1965).
[Crossref]

R. J. Ball, Am. J. Optom. 41, 333 (1964).
[Crossref]

R. J. Ball and G. A. Fry, Am. J. Optom. 36, 200 (1959).
[Crossref]

Bartley, S. H.

R. J. Ball and S. H. Bartley, Am. J. Optom. 42, 573 (1965).
[Crossref]

T. M. Nelson, S. H. Bartley, and Z. Ford, J. Psychol. 55, 387 (1963).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. M. Nelson, S. H. Bartley, and W. R. Mackavey, Percept. Mot. Skills 13, 227 (1961).
[Crossref]

T. M. Nelson and S. H. Bartley, J. Psychol. 52, 457 (1961).
[Crossref]

S. H. Bartley and T. M. Nelson, J. Psychol. 50, 323 (1960).
[Crossref]

S. H. Bartley and T. M. Nelson, Percept. Mot. Skills 10, 3 (1960).
[Crossref]

S. H. Bartley, A. M. A. Arch. Ophthalmol. 60, 775 (1958).
[Crossref]

S. H. Bartley, J. Psychol. 32, 57 (1951).
[Crossref]

S. H. Bartley, J. Psychol. 32, 217 (1951).
[Crossref]

S. H. Bartley, Biol. Symp. 7, 87 (1942).

S. H. Bartley, J. Exptl. Psychol. 30, 125 (1942).
[Crossref]

S. H. Bartley and G. H. Bishop, J. Cell. Comp. Physiol. 19, 78 (1942).
[Crossref]

S. H. Bartley, J. Exptl. Psychol. 23, 313 (1938).
[Crossref]

S. H. Bartley, Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 38, 535 (1938).
[Crossref]

S. H. Bartley, J. Exptl. Psychol. 19, 342 (1936).
[Crossref]

S. H. Bartley, J. Cell. Comp. Physiol. 8, 41 (1936).
[Crossref]

Bishop, G. H.

S. H. Bartley and G. H. Bishop, J. Cell. Comp. Physiol. 19, 78 (1942).
[Crossref]

G. H. Bishop, Am. J. Physiol. 108, 397 (1933).

Ford, Z.

T. M. Nelson, S. H. Bartley, and Z. Ford, J. Psychol. 55, 387 (1963).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fry, G. A.

R. J. Ball and G. A. Fry, Am. J. Optom. 36, 200 (1959).
[Crossref]

Mackavey, W. R.

T. M. Nelson, S. H. Bartley, and W. R. Mackavey, Percept. Mot. Skills 13, 227 (1961).
[Crossref]

Nelson, T. M.

T. M. Nelson, S. H. Bartley, and Z. Ford, J. Psychol. 55, 387 (1963).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. M. Nelson, S. H. Bartley, and W. R. Mackavey, Percept. Mot. Skills 13, 227 (1961).
[Crossref]

T. M. Nelson and S. H. Bartley, J. Psychol. 52, 457 (1961).
[Crossref]

S. H. Bartley and T. M. Nelson, Percept. Mot. Skills 10, 3 (1960).
[Crossref]

S. H. Bartley and T. M. Nelson, J. Psychol. 50, 323 (1960).
[Crossref]

A. M. A. Arch. Ophthalmol. (1)

S. H. Bartley, A. M. A. Arch. Ophthalmol. 60, 775 (1958).
[Crossref]

Am. J. Optom. (3)

R. J. Ball, Am. J. Optom. 41, 333 (1964).
[Crossref]

R. J. Ball and S. H. Bartley, Am. J. Optom. 42, 573 (1965).
[Crossref]

R. J. Ball and G. A. Fry, Am. J. Optom. 36, 200 (1959).
[Crossref]

Am. J. Physiol. (1)

G. H. Bishop, Am. J. Physiol. 108, 397 (1933).

Biol. Symp. (1)

S. H. Bartley, Biol. Symp. 7, 87 (1942).

J. Cell. Comp. Physiol. (2)

S. H. Bartley, J. Cell. Comp. Physiol. 8, 41 (1936).
[Crossref]

S. H. Bartley and G. H. Bishop, J. Cell. Comp. Physiol. 19, 78 (1942).
[Crossref]

J. Exptl. Psychol. (3)

S. H. Bartley, J. Exptl. Psychol. 30, 125 (1942).
[Crossref]

S. H. Bartley, J. Exptl. Psychol. 19, 342 (1936).
[Crossref]

S. H. Bartley, J. Exptl. Psychol. 23, 313 (1938).
[Crossref]

J. Psychol. (5)

S. H. Bartley, J. Psychol. 32, 57 (1951).
[Crossref]

S. H. Bartley, J. Psychol. 32, 217 (1951).
[Crossref]

T. M. Nelson, S. H. Bartley, and Z. Ford, J. Psychol. 55, 387 (1963).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. H. Bartley and T. M. Nelson, J. Psychol. 50, 323 (1960).
[Crossref]

T. M. Nelson and S. H. Bartley, J. Psychol. 52, 457 (1961).
[Crossref]

Percept. Mot. Skills (2)

T. M. Nelson, S. H. Bartley, and W. R. Mackavey, Percept. Mot. Skills 13, 227 (1961).
[Crossref]

S. H. Bartley and T. M. Nelson, Percept. Mot. Skills 10, 3 (1960).
[Crossref]

Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. (1)

S. H. Bartley, Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 38, 535 (1938).
[Crossref]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schema for apparatus and visual test-field.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Brightness index as functions of luminance during 1 4 PCF, 9.8-cps intermittent stimulation at 500 mμ (○), 580 mμ (●), and 660 mμ (◑).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Amounts of desaturation as functions of luminance during 1 4 PCF, 9.8-cps intermittent stimulation at 500 mμ (○), 580 mμ (●), and 660 mμ (◑). On the desaturation ordinate, None is “no desaturation”, Sl is “slight,” Mod is “moderate,” Ext is “extreme,” and Tot is “total.”