Abstract

This is an experimental study of multiple scattering by a polystyrene latex whose particles have a modal diameter of 1.277µ. A special rectangular cell was constructed to correspond to an infinite plane-parallel slab. The experiments were carried out for two wavelengths, λ<sub>0</sub>=0.546 and 0.436 µ, for two cell thicknesses 0.089 and 0.183 cm, and for seven concentrations, ranging from 1.051 × 10<sup>-5</sup> to 1.058×10<sup>-2</sup> g/g. The angular range was from O° to 90°. The higher angles were made accessible by placing the scattering cell in a cylindrical jacket containing Nujol. Extensive theoretical calculations were carried out with the aid of the Hartel theory for each of the above cases. The agreement between the experimental and theoretical results was excellent.

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  1. W. Trinks, Ann. Physik 22, 561 (1935).
  2. O. Lillesaeter, Proceedings of the Eleventh Weather Radar Conference, pp. 192–193 (1964), Am. Meteorol. Soc., Boston, Massachusetts.
  3. S. W. Churchill, G. C. Clark, and C. M. Sliepcevich, Discussions Faraday Soc. 30, 192 (1960).
  4. L. Chi-chen, Sci. Sinica Peking 12, 695 (1963).
  5. P. Debye in Electromagnetic Scattering, M. Kerker, ed. (Pergamon Press, London, 1963).
  6. M. Kerker, ed., Electromagnetic Scattering (Pergamon Press, London, 1963). See papers by D. Stigter, J. Th. G. Overbeek, A. Vrij, and H. F. Huisman and S. N. Timasheff.
  7. Ref. 6. See papers in Part 6, "Multiple Scattering."
  8. D. H. Woodward, "Multiple Light Scattering by Spherical Dielectric Particles," Ph.D. thesis, University of Colorado (1963).
  9. D. H. Woodward, Appl. Opt. 2, 1205 (1963).
  10. D. H. Woodward, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 54, 1325 (1964).
  11. G. Dezelić and J. P. Kratohvil, J. Colloid Sci. 16, 561 (1961).
  12. S. H. Maron, P. E. Pierce, and I. N. Ulevitch, J. Colloid Sci. 18, 470 (1963).
  13. W. Heller and M. Wallach, J. Phys. Chem. 68, 931 (1964).
  14. M. Kerker and E. Matijević, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 50, 722 (1960).
  15. W. Hartel, Licht 10, 141 (1940).
  16. J. P. Kratohvil, J. Colloid Sci. (to be published).
  17. H. C. van de Hulst, Light Scattering by Small Particles (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1957), p. 126.
  18. G. C. Clark, C. M. Chu, and S. W. Churchill, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 81 (1957).
  19. W. F. Espenschied, M. Kerker, and E. Matijević, J. Phys. Chem. 68, 3093 (1964).
  20. J. P. Kratohvil and C. Smart, J. Colloid Sci. (to be published).
  21. M. Kerker, E. Matijević, W. F. Espenscheid, W. A. Farone, and S. Kitani, J. Colloid Sci. 19, 213 (1964).
  22. W. J. Pangonis, W. Heller, and A. Jacobson, Tables of Light Scattering Futnctions for Spherical Particles (Wayne State University Press, Michigan, 1957).

Chi-chen, L.

L. Chi-chen, Sci. Sinica Peking 12, 695 (1963).

Chu, C. M.

G. C. Clark, C. M. Chu, and S. W. Churchill, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 81 (1957).

Churchill, S. W.

G. C. Clark, C. M. Chu, and S. W. Churchill, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 81 (1957).

S. W. Churchill, G. C. Clark, and C. M. Sliepcevich, Discussions Faraday Soc. 30, 192 (1960).

Clark, G. C.

S. W. Churchill, G. C. Clark, and C. M. Sliepcevich, Discussions Faraday Soc. 30, 192 (1960).

G. C. Clark, C. M. Chu, and S. W. Churchill, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 81 (1957).

Debye, P.

P. Debye in Electromagnetic Scattering, M. Kerker, ed. (Pergamon Press, London, 1963).

Dezelic, G.

G. Dezelić and J. P. Kratohvil, J. Colloid Sci. 16, 561 (1961).

Espenscheid, W. F.

M. Kerker, E. Matijević, W. F. Espenscheid, W. A. Farone, and S. Kitani, J. Colloid Sci. 19, 213 (1964).

Espenschied, W. F.

W. F. Espenschied, M. Kerker, and E. Matijević, J. Phys. Chem. 68, 3093 (1964).

Farone, W. A.

M. Kerker, E. Matijević, W. F. Espenscheid, W. A. Farone, and S. Kitani, J. Colloid Sci. 19, 213 (1964).

Hartel, W.

W. Hartel, Licht 10, 141 (1940).

Heller, W.

W. Heller and M. Wallach, J. Phys. Chem. 68, 931 (1964).

W. J. Pangonis, W. Heller, and A. Jacobson, Tables of Light Scattering Futnctions for Spherical Particles (Wayne State University Press, Michigan, 1957).

Jacobson, A.

W. J. Pangonis, W. Heller, and A. Jacobson, Tables of Light Scattering Futnctions for Spherical Particles (Wayne State University Press, Michigan, 1957).

Kerker, M.

W. F. Espenschied, M. Kerker, and E. Matijević, J. Phys. Chem. 68, 3093 (1964).

M. Kerker, E. Matijević, W. F. Espenscheid, W. A. Farone, and S. Kitani, J. Colloid Sci. 19, 213 (1964).

M. Kerker and E. Matijević, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 50, 722 (1960).

Kitani, S.

M. Kerker, E. Matijević, W. F. Espenscheid, W. A. Farone, and S. Kitani, J. Colloid Sci. 19, 213 (1964).

Kratohvil, J. P.

J. P. Kratohvil, J. Colloid Sci. (to be published).

J. P. Kratohvil and C. Smart, J. Colloid Sci. (to be published).

G. Dezelić and J. P. Kratohvil, J. Colloid Sci. 16, 561 (1961).

Lillesaeter, O.

O. Lillesaeter, Proceedings of the Eleventh Weather Radar Conference, pp. 192–193 (1964), Am. Meteorol. Soc., Boston, Massachusetts.

Maron, S. H.

S. H. Maron, P. E. Pierce, and I. N. Ulevitch, J. Colloid Sci. 18, 470 (1963).

Matijevic, E.

W. F. Espenschied, M. Kerker, and E. Matijević, J. Phys. Chem. 68, 3093 (1964).

M. Kerker and E. Matijević, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 50, 722 (1960).

M. Kerker, E. Matijević, W. F. Espenscheid, W. A. Farone, and S. Kitani, J. Colloid Sci. 19, 213 (1964).

Pangonis, W. J.

W. J. Pangonis, W. Heller, and A. Jacobson, Tables of Light Scattering Futnctions for Spherical Particles (Wayne State University Press, Michigan, 1957).

Pierce, P. E.

S. H. Maron, P. E. Pierce, and I. N. Ulevitch, J. Colloid Sci. 18, 470 (1963).

Sliepcevich, C. M.

S. W. Churchill, G. C. Clark, and C. M. Sliepcevich, Discussions Faraday Soc. 30, 192 (1960).

Smart, C.

J. P. Kratohvil and C. Smart, J. Colloid Sci. (to be published).

Trinks, W.

W. Trinks, Ann. Physik 22, 561 (1935).

Ulevitch, I. N.

S. H. Maron, P. E. Pierce, and I. N. Ulevitch, J. Colloid Sci. 18, 470 (1963).

van de Hulst, H. C.

H. C. van de Hulst, Light Scattering by Small Particles (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1957), p. 126.

Wallach, M.

W. Heller and M. Wallach, J. Phys. Chem. 68, 931 (1964).

Woodward, D. H.

D. H. Woodward, Appl. Opt. 2, 1205 (1963).

D. H. Woodward, "Multiple Light Scattering by Spherical Dielectric Particles," Ph.D. thesis, University of Colorado (1963).

D. H. Woodward, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 54, 1325 (1964).

Other (22)

W. Trinks, Ann. Physik 22, 561 (1935).

O. Lillesaeter, Proceedings of the Eleventh Weather Radar Conference, pp. 192–193 (1964), Am. Meteorol. Soc., Boston, Massachusetts.

S. W. Churchill, G. C. Clark, and C. M. Sliepcevich, Discussions Faraday Soc. 30, 192 (1960).

L. Chi-chen, Sci. Sinica Peking 12, 695 (1963).

P. Debye in Electromagnetic Scattering, M. Kerker, ed. (Pergamon Press, London, 1963).

M. Kerker, ed., Electromagnetic Scattering (Pergamon Press, London, 1963). See papers by D. Stigter, J. Th. G. Overbeek, A. Vrij, and H. F. Huisman and S. N. Timasheff.

Ref. 6. See papers in Part 6, "Multiple Scattering."

D. H. Woodward, "Multiple Light Scattering by Spherical Dielectric Particles," Ph.D. thesis, University of Colorado (1963).

D. H. Woodward, Appl. Opt. 2, 1205 (1963).

D. H. Woodward, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 54, 1325 (1964).

G. Dezelić and J. P. Kratohvil, J. Colloid Sci. 16, 561 (1961).

S. H. Maron, P. E. Pierce, and I. N. Ulevitch, J. Colloid Sci. 18, 470 (1963).

W. Heller and M. Wallach, J. Phys. Chem. 68, 931 (1964).

M. Kerker and E. Matijević, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 50, 722 (1960).

W. Hartel, Licht 10, 141 (1940).

J. P. Kratohvil, J. Colloid Sci. (to be published).

H. C. van de Hulst, Light Scattering by Small Particles (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1957), p. 126.

G. C. Clark, C. M. Chu, and S. W. Churchill, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 81 (1957).

W. F. Espenschied, M. Kerker, and E. Matijević, J. Phys. Chem. 68, 3093 (1964).

J. P. Kratohvil and C. Smart, J. Colloid Sci. (to be published).

M. Kerker, E. Matijević, W. F. Espenscheid, W. A. Farone, and S. Kitani, J. Colloid Sci. 19, 213 (1964).

W. J. Pangonis, W. Heller, and A. Jacobson, Tables of Light Scattering Futnctions for Spherical Particles (Wayne State University Press, Michigan, 1957).

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