Abstract

An experiment was performed to determine the effect of exposure time on color discrimination. Five durations ranging from 0.02 to 5 sec were used. Discrimination continued to improve as exposure was lengthened. Some possible explanations for these results are offered.

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  1. See, for instance, the following: L. A. Jones, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 1, 63 (1917); H. Laurens and W. F. Hamilton, Am. J. Physiol. 65, 547 (1923) ; D. B. Judd, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 22, 72 (1932) ; E. P. T. Tyndall, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 23, 15 (1933); W. D. Wright and F. H. G. Pitt, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 46, 459 (1934); M. H. Siegel and F. L. Dimmick, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 52, 1071 (1962).
  2. M. H. Siegel, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 53, 874 (1963).
  3. L. M. Hurvich and D. Jameson in The Visual System: Neurophysiology and Psychophysics, edited by R. Jung and H. Kornhuber (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1961).
  4. R. A. Weale, J. Physiol. (London) 113, 115 (1951).
  5. C. H. Graham and R. Margaria, Am. J. Physiol. 113, 299 (1935); R. C. Rouse, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 42, 626 (1952); G. S. Brindley, J. Physiol. 118, 135 (1952); R. M. Herrick, J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol. 49, 437 (1956); B. Hillman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 48, 422 (1958); R. M. Boynton, in Sensory Communication, edited by W. A. Rosenblith (Tech Press and John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1961), pp. 739–765.
  6. F. L. Dimmick and J. C. Karl, J. Exptl. Psychol. 13, 365 (1930); R. H. Brown, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 45, 189 (1955); R. H. Brown, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 48, 125 (1958).
  7. C. H. Graham and C. Cook, Am. J. Psychol. 49, 655 (1937); J. I. Niven and R. H. Brown, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 34, 738 (1944); K. E. Baker, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 39, 567 (1949); L. C. Martin, D. J. Day, and W. Kaniowski, Brit. J. Opthalmol. 34, 89 (1950).
  8. M. Ikeda and R. M. Boynton, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 52, 697 (1962); W. R. Biersdorf and A. M. Granda, ibid. 52, 1402 (1962).
  9. D. Farnsworth, in Visual Problems of Colour (Chemical Publishing Co., Inc., New York 1961), Vol. II, pp. 65–78.
  10. M. H. Siegel, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 52, 1067 (1962).
  11. D. Jameson and L. M. Hurvich, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 43, 552 (1953); 46, 405 (1956).
  12. L. A. Riggs, F. Ratliff, J. C. Cornsweet, and T. N. Cornsweet, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 43, 495 (1953).

Boynton, R. M.

M. Ikeda and R. M. Boynton, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 52, 697 (1962); W. R. Biersdorf and A. M. Granda, ibid. 52, 1402 (1962).

Cook, C.

C. H. Graham and C. Cook, Am. J. Psychol. 49, 655 (1937); J. I. Niven and R. H. Brown, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 34, 738 (1944); K. E. Baker, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 39, 567 (1949); L. C. Martin, D. J. Day, and W. Kaniowski, Brit. J. Opthalmol. 34, 89 (1950).

Cornsweet, J. C.

L. A. Riggs, F. Ratliff, J. C. Cornsweet, and T. N. Cornsweet, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 43, 495 (1953).

Cornsweet, T. N.

L. A. Riggs, F. Ratliff, J. C. Cornsweet, and T. N. Cornsweet, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 43, 495 (1953).

Dimmick, F. L.

F. L. Dimmick and J. C. Karl, J. Exptl. Psychol. 13, 365 (1930); R. H. Brown, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 45, 189 (1955); R. H. Brown, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 48, 125 (1958).

Farnsworth, D.

D. Farnsworth, in Visual Problems of Colour (Chemical Publishing Co., Inc., New York 1961), Vol. II, pp. 65–78.

Graham, C. H.

C. H. Graham and R. Margaria, Am. J. Physiol. 113, 299 (1935); R. C. Rouse, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 42, 626 (1952); G. S. Brindley, J. Physiol. 118, 135 (1952); R. M. Herrick, J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol. 49, 437 (1956); B. Hillman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 48, 422 (1958); R. M. Boynton, in Sensory Communication, edited by W. A. Rosenblith (Tech Press and John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1961), pp. 739–765.

C. H. Graham and C. Cook, Am. J. Psychol. 49, 655 (1937); J. I. Niven and R. H. Brown, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 34, 738 (1944); K. E. Baker, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 39, 567 (1949); L. C. Martin, D. J. Day, and W. Kaniowski, Brit. J. Opthalmol. 34, 89 (1950).

Hurvich, L. M.

L. M. Hurvich and D. Jameson in The Visual System: Neurophysiology and Psychophysics, edited by R. Jung and H. Kornhuber (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1961).

D. Jameson and L. M. Hurvich, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 43, 552 (1953); 46, 405 (1956).

Ikeda, M.

M. Ikeda and R. M. Boynton, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 52, 697 (1962); W. R. Biersdorf and A. M. Granda, ibid. 52, 1402 (1962).

Jameson, D.

D. Jameson and L. M. Hurvich, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 43, 552 (1953); 46, 405 (1956).

L. M. Hurvich and D. Jameson in The Visual System: Neurophysiology and Psychophysics, edited by R. Jung and H. Kornhuber (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1961).

Jones, L. A.

See, for instance, the following: L. A. Jones, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 1, 63 (1917); H. Laurens and W. F. Hamilton, Am. J. Physiol. 65, 547 (1923) ; D. B. Judd, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 22, 72 (1932) ; E. P. T. Tyndall, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 23, 15 (1933); W. D. Wright and F. H. G. Pitt, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 46, 459 (1934); M. H. Siegel and F. L. Dimmick, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 52, 1071 (1962).

Karl, J. C.

F. L. Dimmick and J. C. Karl, J. Exptl. Psychol. 13, 365 (1930); R. H. Brown, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 45, 189 (1955); R. H. Brown, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 48, 125 (1958).

Margaria, R.

C. H. Graham and R. Margaria, Am. J. Physiol. 113, 299 (1935); R. C. Rouse, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 42, 626 (1952); G. S. Brindley, J. Physiol. 118, 135 (1952); R. M. Herrick, J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol. 49, 437 (1956); B. Hillman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 48, 422 (1958); R. M. Boynton, in Sensory Communication, edited by W. A. Rosenblith (Tech Press and John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1961), pp. 739–765.

Ratliff, F.

L. A. Riggs, F. Ratliff, J. C. Cornsweet, and T. N. Cornsweet, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 43, 495 (1953).

Riggs, L. A.

L. A. Riggs, F. Ratliff, J. C. Cornsweet, and T. N. Cornsweet, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 43, 495 (1953).

Siegel, M. H.

M. H. Siegel, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 53, 874 (1963).

M. H. Siegel, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 52, 1067 (1962).

Weale, R. A.

R. A. Weale, J. Physiol. (London) 113, 115 (1951).

Other (12)

See, for instance, the following: L. A. Jones, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 1, 63 (1917); H. Laurens and W. F. Hamilton, Am. J. Physiol. 65, 547 (1923) ; D. B. Judd, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 22, 72 (1932) ; E. P. T. Tyndall, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 23, 15 (1933); W. D. Wright and F. H. G. Pitt, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 46, 459 (1934); M. H. Siegel and F. L. Dimmick, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 52, 1071 (1962).

M. H. Siegel, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 53, 874 (1963).

L. M. Hurvich and D. Jameson in The Visual System: Neurophysiology and Psychophysics, edited by R. Jung and H. Kornhuber (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1961).

R. A. Weale, J. Physiol. (London) 113, 115 (1951).

C. H. Graham and R. Margaria, Am. J. Physiol. 113, 299 (1935); R. C. Rouse, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 42, 626 (1952); G. S. Brindley, J. Physiol. 118, 135 (1952); R. M. Herrick, J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol. 49, 437 (1956); B. Hillman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 48, 422 (1958); R. M. Boynton, in Sensory Communication, edited by W. A. Rosenblith (Tech Press and John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1961), pp. 739–765.

F. L. Dimmick and J. C. Karl, J. Exptl. Psychol. 13, 365 (1930); R. H. Brown, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 45, 189 (1955); R. H. Brown, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 48, 125 (1958).

C. H. Graham and C. Cook, Am. J. Psychol. 49, 655 (1937); J. I. Niven and R. H. Brown, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 34, 738 (1944); K. E. Baker, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 39, 567 (1949); L. C. Martin, D. J. Day, and W. Kaniowski, Brit. J. Opthalmol. 34, 89 (1950).

M. Ikeda and R. M. Boynton, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 52, 697 (1962); W. R. Biersdorf and A. M. Granda, ibid. 52, 1402 (1962).

D. Farnsworth, in Visual Problems of Colour (Chemical Publishing Co., Inc., New York 1961), Vol. II, pp. 65–78.

M. H. Siegel, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 52, 1067 (1962).

D. Jameson and L. M. Hurvich, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 43, 552 (1953); 46, 405 (1956).

L. A. Riggs, F. Ratliff, J. C. Cornsweet, and T. N. Cornsweet, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 43, 495 (1953).

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