Abstract

The excitation of lines forbidden by the Laporte rule and corresponding to transitions between levels, all belonging to the ground configuration, was studied for the elements of the fifth group. The short-wave experimental technique developed permits the recognition of these multipole lines without any knowledge of the spectra investigated, from their behavior at the changeover point of the discharge. Neutral multipole spectra of Bi, Sb, As, and P (s2p3 configuration) were obtained with decreasing intensity in the order listed as well as singly ionized spectra of Bi and Sb (s2p2 configuration). Interesting changes in relative intensities of lines, in particular of the pair 2P3/2,1/24S3/2 were noted, and an anomalous effect for lines originating from the 2P3/20 level in bismuth observed. A high resolution study of lines in Sb and As gave previously unknown hf separations of levels 3P1 of Sb ii, 2P1/20 of As i and upper limits for those of the levels 2P3/20 and 4S3/20 of As i.

© 1964 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. S. Mrozowski, Rev. Mod. Phys. 16, 153 (1944).
    [Crossref]
  2. S. Mrozowski, Phys. Rev. 58, 1086 (1940).
    [Crossref]
  3. S. Mrozowski, Phys. Rev. 69, 169 (1946).
    [Crossref]
  4. A. Rubinowicz, Rept. Progr. Phys. 12, 233 (1949);or J. Phys. Radium 10, 33D (1949).
    [Crossref]
  5. S. Mrozowski, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 46, 663 (1956).
  6. W. C. Martin and J. L. Tech, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 51, 591 (1961).
    [Crossref]
  7. Papers on band spectra of SbO, AsO, and PO as well as on Sb2, As2, and P2 are in preparation.
  8. C. D. Cole, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 54, 859 (1964).
    [Crossref]
  9. F. A. Jenkins and S. Mrozowski, Phys. Rev. 60, 225 (1941).
    [Crossref]
  10. S. Mrozowski, Phys. Rev. 62, 526 (1942).
    [Crossref]
  11. G.H. Shortley, L. H. Aller, J. G. Baker, and D. H. Menzel, Astrophys. J. 93, 178 (1941).
    [Crossref]
  12. C. D. Cole and S. Mrozowski, Phys. Rev. 93, 933 (1954).
  13. J. S. Badami, Z. Physik 79, 224 (1932).
    [Crossref]
  14. P. C. B. Fernando and et al., Phil. Mag. 5, 1291 (1960).
    [Crossref]

1964 (1)

1961 (1)

1960 (1)

P. C. B. Fernando and et al., Phil. Mag. 5, 1291 (1960).
[Crossref]

1956 (1)

1954 (1)

C. D. Cole and S. Mrozowski, Phys. Rev. 93, 933 (1954).

1949 (1)

A. Rubinowicz, Rept. Progr. Phys. 12, 233 (1949);or J. Phys. Radium 10, 33D (1949).
[Crossref]

1946 (1)

S. Mrozowski, Phys. Rev. 69, 169 (1946).
[Crossref]

1944 (1)

S. Mrozowski, Rev. Mod. Phys. 16, 153 (1944).
[Crossref]

1942 (1)

S. Mrozowski, Phys. Rev. 62, 526 (1942).
[Crossref]

1941 (2)

G.H. Shortley, L. H. Aller, J. G. Baker, and D. H. Menzel, Astrophys. J. 93, 178 (1941).
[Crossref]

F. A. Jenkins and S. Mrozowski, Phys. Rev. 60, 225 (1941).
[Crossref]

1940 (1)

S. Mrozowski, Phys. Rev. 58, 1086 (1940).
[Crossref]

1932 (1)

J. S. Badami, Z. Physik 79, 224 (1932).
[Crossref]

Aller, L. H.

G.H. Shortley, L. H. Aller, J. G. Baker, and D. H. Menzel, Astrophys. J. 93, 178 (1941).
[Crossref]

Badami, J. S.

J. S. Badami, Z. Physik 79, 224 (1932).
[Crossref]

Baker, J. G.

G.H. Shortley, L. H. Aller, J. G. Baker, and D. H. Menzel, Astrophys. J. 93, 178 (1941).
[Crossref]

Cole, C. D.

C. D. Cole, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 54, 859 (1964).
[Crossref]

C. D. Cole and S. Mrozowski, Phys. Rev. 93, 933 (1954).

Fernando, P. C. B.

P. C. B. Fernando and et al., Phil. Mag. 5, 1291 (1960).
[Crossref]

Jenkins, F. A.

F. A. Jenkins and S. Mrozowski, Phys. Rev. 60, 225 (1941).
[Crossref]

Martin, W. C.

Menzel, D. H.

G.H. Shortley, L. H. Aller, J. G. Baker, and D. H. Menzel, Astrophys. J. 93, 178 (1941).
[Crossref]

Mrozowski, S.

S. Mrozowski, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 46, 663 (1956).

C. D. Cole and S. Mrozowski, Phys. Rev. 93, 933 (1954).

S. Mrozowski, Phys. Rev. 69, 169 (1946).
[Crossref]

S. Mrozowski, Rev. Mod. Phys. 16, 153 (1944).
[Crossref]

S. Mrozowski, Phys. Rev. 62, 526 (1942).
[Crossref]

F. A. Jenkins and S. Mrozowski, Phys. Rev. 60, 225 (1941).
[Crossref]

S. Mrozowski, Phys. Rev. 58, 1086 (1940).
[Crossref]

Rubinowicz, A.

A. Rubinowicz, Rept. Progr. Phys. 12, 233 (1949);or J. Phys. Radium 10, 33D (1949).
[Crossref]

Shortley, G.H.

G.H. Shortley, L. H. Aller, J. G. Baker, and D. H. Menzel, Astrophys. J. 93, 178 (1941).
[Crossref]

Tech, J. L.

Astrophys. J. (1)

G.H. Shortley, L. H. Aller, J. G. Baker, and D. H. Menzel, Astrophys. J. 93, 178 (1941).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (3)

Phil. Mag. (1)

P. C. B. Fernando and et al., Phil. Mag. 5, 1291 (1960).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. (5)

S. Mrozowski, Phys. Rev. 58, 1086 (1940).
[Crossref]

S. Mrozowski, Phys. Rev. 69, 169 (1946).
[Crossref]

F. A. Jenkins and S. Mrozowski, Phys. Rev. 60, 225 (1941).
[Crossref]

S. Mrozowski, Phys. Rev. 62, 526 (1942).
[Crossref]

C. D. Cole and S. Mrozowski, Phys. Rev. 93, 933 (1954).

Rept. Progr. Phys. (1)

A. Rubinowicz, Rept. Progr. Phys. 12, 233 (1949);or J. Phys. Radium 10, 33D (1949).
[Crossref]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

S. Mrozowski, Rev. Mod. Phys. 16, 153 (1944).
[Crossref]

Z. Physik (1)

J. S. Badami, Z. Physik 79, 224 (1932).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

Papers on band spectra of SbO, AsO, and PO as well as on Sb2, As2, and P2 are in preparation.

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Figures (3)

F. 1
F. 1

Discharge tube for short-wave excitation of spectra. A—location of sample, B—discharge region, C—condensation region of the metal, D—cooling trap, E1 and E2—external electrodes, F1 and F2—furnaces.

F. 2
F. 2

Energy levels of the s2p3 ground configuration for the elements Bi, Sb, As, and P (in reciprocal centimeters). The hyperfine splitting is given on the right on a greatly expanded scale (in 10−3 cm−1). The intensities of the multipole lines observed are indicated by lines of different thickness. Dotted lines indicate transitions looked for but not found.

F. 3
F. 3

The observed contours and splittings (in 10−3 cm−1) and the predicted hyperfine structures for multipole lines of Sbi and Sbii. Full lines 121Sb, broken lines 123Sb.