Abstract

Asymmetric autoionized lines have been observed for the first time in an atomic emission spectrum. Several members of the 2<i>s</i><sup>2</sup>2<i>p</i><sup>2</sup><sup>3</sup><i>P</i>–2<i>s</i>2<i>p</i><sup>2</sup>(<sup>4</sup><i>P</i>)<i>np</i><sup>3</sup><i>D</i>° Rydberg series have been observed which interact with the 2<i>S</i><sup>2</sup>2<i>p</i>(<sup>2</sup><i>P</i>°)<i>np</i><sup>3</sup><i>D</i>° continuum beyond the first ionization limit, 2<i>s</i><sup>2</sup>2<i>p</i><sup>2</sup><i>P</i>½°, in the triplet levels of O III. Symmetric autoionized lines of the 2<i>s</i><sup>2</sup>2<i>p</i><sup>2</sup><sup>3</sup><i>P</i>–2<i>s</i> 2<i>p</i><sup>2</sup>(<sup>4</sup><i>P</i>)<i>np</i><sup>3</sup><i>P</i>° Rydberg series have also been observed in this same spectrum.

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  1. U. Fano, Phys. Rev. 124, 1866 (1961).
  2. H. Beutler, Z. Physik 93, 177 (1935).
  3. R. E. Huffman, Y. Tanaka, and J. C. Larrabee, Appl. Opt. 2, 947 (1963).
  4. W. R. S. Garton and K. Codling, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) A75, 87 (1960).
  5. W. R. S. Garton, J. Quant. Spectry. Radiation Transfer 2, 335 (1962).
  6. R. W. Ditchburn and R. D. Hudson, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) A256, 53 (1960).
  7. R. P. Madden and K. Codling, Phys. Rev. Letters 10, 516 (1963).
  8. A. G. Shenstone, Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. (London) A241, 297 (1948); Phys. Rev. 57, 894 (1940).
  9. B. Edlén, Handbuch der Physik 27, 80 (1963).
  10. S. G. Tilford, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 53, 1051 (1963).
  11. The Matheson Company Inc., P. O. Box 85, East Rutherford, New Jersey.
  12. B. Edlén, Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsaliensis 9, 103 (1934).
  13. C. E. Moore, Natl. Bur. Std. (U.S.), Circ. 467, Vol. III (1958) (corrected value quoted for ionization limit of O III; the value quoted in Vol. I is too high by 387 cm-l).
  14. (1 eV = 8066.03 cm-1), E. R. Cohen, J. W. Dumond, T. W. Layton, and J. S. Rollet, Rev. Mod. Phys. 27, 363 (1955).
  15. It may be that the first ionization potential is lowered by conditions within the source16 such that the 2s2p2(4P)4p3D° level now falls well above the actual limit. This phenomenon of forced ionization has been observed in the absorption spectrum of shock-excited barium by Garton, Parkinson, and Reeves.17
  16. H. Margenau and M. Lewis, Rev. Mod. Phys. 31, 569 (1959).
  17. W. R. S. Garton, W. H. Parkinson, and E. M. Reeves, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 80, 860 (1962).
  18. C. E. Moore, Natl. Bur. Standards (U. S.), Circ. 467, Vol. I (1949).
  19. The lines converging to the 2s22p2P½° limit, Fig. 5, are rather broad. Part of these widths result from almost superposition of several transitions (26 lines have been observed in the peak at 248 Å). Conditions in the source might also contribute to the widths of the lines. When levels below the lowest idealized ionization potential belong to a series in which higher members are able to autoionize, higher members of series levels converging to this first limit are expected to become drowned in their own limiting continuum.16,17 Also the merging of states16 possibly contribute to the width of these lines. Additional work is necessary to determine the contributions from each of these possibilities.

Beutler, H.

H. Beutler, Z. Physik 93, 177 (1935).

Codling, K.

W. R. S. Garton and K. Codling, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) A75, 87 (1960).

R. P. Madden and K. Codling, Phys. Rev. Letters 10, 516 (1963).

Cohen, E. R.

(1 eV = 8066.03 cm-1), E. R. Cohen, J. W. Dumond, T. W. Layton, and J. S. Rollet, Rev. Mod. Phys. 27, 363 (1955).

Ditchburn, R. W.

R. W. Ditchburn and R. D. Hudson, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) A256, 53 (1960).

Dumond, J. W.

(1 eV = 8066.03 cm-1), E. R. Cohen, J. W. Dumond, T. W. Layton, and J. S. Rollet, Rev. Mod. Phys. 27, 363 (1955).

Edlén, B.

B. Edlén, Handbuch der Physik 27, 80 (1963).

B. Edlén, Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsaliensis 9, 103 (1934).

Fano, U.

U. Fano, Phys. Rev. 124, 1866 (1961).

Garton, W. R. S.

W. R. S. Garton, J. Quant. Spectry. Radiation Transfer 2, 335 (1962).

W. R. S. Garton and K. Codling, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) A75, 87 (1960).

W. R. S. Garton, W. H. Parkinson, and E. M. Reeves, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 80, 860 (1962).

Hudson, R. D.

R. W. Ditchburn and R. D. Hudson, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) A256, 53 (1960).

Huffman, R. E.

R. E. Huffman, Y. Tanaka, and J. C. Larrabee, Appl. Opt. 2, 947 (1963).

Larrabee, J. C.

R. E. Huffman, Y. Tanaka, and J. C. Larrabee, Appl. Opt. 2, 947 (1963).

Layton, T. W.

(1 eV = 8066.03 cm-1), E. R. Cohen, J. W. Dumond, T. W. Layton, and J. S. Rollet, Rev. Mod. Phys. 27, 363 (1955).

Lewis, M.

H. Margenau and M. Lewis, Rev. Mod. Phys. 31, 569 (1959).

Madden, R. P.

R. P. Madden and K. Codling, Phys. Rev. Letters 10, 516 (1963).

Margenau, H.

H. Margenau and M. Lewis, Rev. Mod. Phys. 31, 569 (1959).

Moore, C. E.

C. E. Moore, Natl. Bur. Std. (U.S.), Circ. 467, Vol. III (1958) (corrected value quoted for ionization limit of O III; the value quoted in Vol. I is too high by 387 cm-l).

C. E. Moore, Natl. Bur. Standards (U. S.), Circ. 467, Vol. I (1949).

Parkinson, W. H.

W. R. S. Garton, W. H. Parkinson, and E. M. Reeves, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 80, 860 (1962).

Reeves, E. M.

W. R. S. Garton, W. H. Parkinson, and E. M. Reeves, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 80, 860 (1962).

Rollet, J. S.

(1 eV = 8066.03 cm-1), E. R. Cohen, J. W. Dumond, T. W. Layton, and J. S. Rollet, Rev. Mod. Phys. 27, 363 (1955).

Shenstone, A. G.

A. G. Shenstone, Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. (London) A241, 297 (1948); Phys. Rev. 57, 894 (1940).

Tanaka, Y.

R. E. Huffman, Y. Tanaka, and J. C. Larrabee, Appl. Opt. 2, 947 (1963).

Tilford, S. G.

S. G. Tilford, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 53, 1051 (1963).

Other (19)

U. Fano, Phys. Rev. 124, 1866 (1961).

H. Beutler, Z. Physik 93, 177 (1935).

R. E. Huffman, Y. Tanaka, and J. C. Larrabee, Appl. Opt. 2, 947 (1963).

W. R. S. Garton and K. Codling, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) A75, 87 (1960).

W. R. S. Garton, J. Quant. Spectry. Radiation Transfer 2, 335 (1962).

R. W. Ditchburn and R. D. Hudson, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) A256, 53 (1960).

R. P. Madden and K. Codling, Phys. Rev. Letters 10, 516 (1963).

A. G. Shenstone, Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. (London) A241, 297 (1948); Phys. Rev. 57, 894 (1940).

B. Edlén, Handbuch der Physik 27, 80 (1963).

S. G. Tilford, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 53, 1051 (1963).

The Matheson Company Inc., P. O. Box 85, East Rutherford, New Jersey.

B. Edlén, Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsaliensis 9, 103 (1934).

C. E. Moore, Natl. Bur. Std. (U.S.), Circ. 467, Vol. III (1958) (corrected value quoted for ionization limit of O III; the value quoted in Vol. I is too high by 387 cm-l).

(1 eV = 8066.03 cm-1), E. R. Cohen, J. W. Dumond, T. W. Layton, and J. S. Rollet, Rev. Mod. Phys. 27, 363 (1955).

It may be that the first ionization potential is lowered by conditions within the source16 such that the 2s2p2(4P)4p3D° level now falls well above the actual limit. This phenomenon of forced ionization has been observed in the absorption spectrum of shock-excited barium by Garton, Parkinson, and Reeves.17

H. Margenau and M. Lewis, Rev. Mod. Phys. 31, 569 (1959).

W. R. S. Garton, W. H. Parkinson, and E. M. Reeves, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 80, 860 (1962).

C. E. Moore, Natl. Bur. Standards (U. S.), Circ. 467, Vol. I (1949).

The lines converging to the 2s22p2P½° limit, Fig. 5, are rather broad. Part of these widths result from almost superposition of several transitions (26 lines have been observed in the peak at 248 Å). Conditions in the source might also contribute to the widths of the lines. When levels below the lowest idealized ionization potential belong to a series in which higher members are able to autoionize, higher members of series levels converging to this first limit are expected to become drowned in their own limiting continuum.16,17 Also the merging of states16 possibly contribute to the width of these lines. Additional work is necessary to determine the contributions from each of these possibilities.

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