Abstract

A near automatic method has been developed for data handling and analysis in atomic spectroscopy. Plate factors are determined by a least-squares solution of 100 standard lines by using a polynomial up to the fifth degree. Catalogs of predicted lines are made from known energy level schemes, and classifications of new lines are suggested. The method has been applied to the visible spectrum of yttrium as produced by electrodeless discharge tubes. A total of 977 new lines has been measured with an accuracy of 0.005 Å in the wavelength range 4600 to 6400 Å, which is usually masked by oxide bands; 162 of these lines have been classified in terms of the known energy level system.

© 1964 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. W. R. Bozman, J. Opt Soc. Am. 44, 824 (A) (1954).
  2. K. G. Kessler, S. B. Prusch, and J. A. Stegun, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc.,  1, 22 (1956).
  3. K. G. Kessler, S. B. Prusch, and J. A. Stegun, J. Opt Soc. Am. 46, 1043 (1956).
    [Crossref]
  4. C. D. Coleman and W. R. Bozman, J. Opt Soc. Am. 49, 511 (A) (1959).
  5. K. L. Vander Sluis, J. Opt Soc. Am. 49, 944 (1959).
    [Crossref]
  6. C. H. Corliss, W. R. Bozman, and F. O. Westfall, J. Opt Soc. Am. 43, 398 (1953).
    [Crossref]
  7. W. E. Howe, J. Opt Soc. Am. 48, 28 (1958).
    [Crossref]
  8. A. Wardakee, J. Opt Soc. Am. 54, 460 (1964).
    [Crossref]
  9. J. F. Guiliani and M. P. Thekaekara, J. Opt Soc. Am. 54, 460 (1964).
    [Crossref]
  10. C. M. Wilson and M. P. Thekaekara, J. Opt Soc. Am. 51, 289 (1961).
    [Crossref]
  11. G. H. Dieke, G. H. Dimock, and H. M. Crosswhite, J. Opt Soc. Am. 46, 456 (1956).
    [Crossref]
  12. H. M. Crosswhite, Johns Hopkins Spectroscopic Report No.13 (August1958 unpublished).A partial listing of the lines is also available in American Institute of Physics Handbook (McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., New York, 1957), pp. 7–89.
  13. W. F. Meggers and H. N. Russell, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Std. 2, 733 (1929).
  14. C. E. Moore, Natl. Bur. Std. Circ. No. 467, 196 (1952).
  15. H. W. Banks, “First Spectrum of Titanium from 6000 Å to 3000 Å,” Doctoral dissertation, Georgetown University, Washington. D. C. (1961).
  16. W. R. Bozman, “The Spectrum of Titanium from 6000 Å to 9000 Å,” Master’s thesis, Georgetown University, Washington, D. C. (1961).
  17. A. S. King and E. Carter, Astrophys. J. 65, 86 (1927).
    [Crossref]
  18. W. F. Meggers, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 14, 427 (1924).
  19. W. F. Meggers and C. C. Kiess, J. Opt Soc Am. 12, 417 (1926).
    [Crossref]
  20. W. F. Meggers and C. E. Moore, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 15, 207 (1925).
  21. I-djen Ho and R. A. Sawyer, Phys. Rev. 51, 1202A (1937).
  22. R. W. B. Pearse and A. G. Gaydon, The Identification of Molecular Spectra (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1950), p. 246.

1964 (2)

A. Wardakee, J. Opt Soc. Am. 54, 460 (1964).
[Crossref]

J. F. Guiliani and M. P. Thekaekara, J. Opt Soc. Am. 54, 460 (1964).
[Crossref]

1961 (1)

C. M. Wilson and M. P. Thekaekara, J. Opt Soc. Am. 51, 289 (1961).
[Crossref]

1959 (2)

C. D. Coleman and W. R. Bozman, J. Opt Soc. Am. 49, 511 (A) (1959).

K. L. Vander Sluis, J. Opt Soc. Am. 49, 944 (1959).
[Crossref]

1958 (1)

W. E. Howe, J. Opt Soc. Am. 48, 28 (1958).
[Crossref]

1956 (3)

K. G. Kessler, S. B. Prusch, and J. A. Stegun, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc.,  1, 22 (1956).

K. G. Kessler, S. B. Prusch, and J. A. Stegun, J. Opt Soc. Am. 46, 1043 (1956).
[Crossref]

G. H. Dieke, G. H. Dimock, and H. M. Crosswhite, J. Opt Soc. Am. 46, 456 (1956).
[Crossref]

1954 (1)

W. R. Bozman, J. Opt Soc. Am. 44, 824 (A) (1954).

1953 (1)

C. H. Corliss, W. R. Bozman, and F. O. Westfall, J. Opt Soc. Am. 43, 398 (1953).
[Crossref]

1952 (1)

C. E. Moore, Natl. Bur. Std. Circ. No. 467, 196 (1952).

1937 (1)

I-djen Ho and R. A. Sawyer, Phys. Rev. 51, 1202A (1937).

1929 (1)

W. F. Meggers and H. N. Russell, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Std. 2, 733 (1929).

1927 (1)

A. S. King and E. Carter, Astrophys. J. 65, 86 (1927).
[Crossref]

1926 (1)

W. F. Meggers and C. C. Kiess, J. Opt Soc Am. 12, 417 (1926).
[Crossref]

1925 (1)

W. F. Meggers and C. E. Moore, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 15, 207 (1925).

1924 (1)

W. F. Meggers, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 14, 427 (1924).

Banks, H. W.

H. W. Banks, “First Spectrum of Titanium from 6000 Å to 3000 Å,” Doctoral dissertation, Georgetown University, Washington. D. C. (1961).

Bozman, W. R.

C. D. Coleman and W. R. Bozman, J. Opt Soc. Am. 49, 511 (A) (1959).

W. R. Bozman, J. Opt Soc. Am. 44, 824 (A) (1954).

C. H. Corliss, W. R. Bozman, and F. O. Westfall, J. Opt Soc. Am. 43, 398 (1953).
[Crossref]

W. R. Bozman, “The Spectrum of Titanium from 6000 Å to 9000 Å,” Master’s thesis, Georgetown University, Washington, D. C. (1961).

Carter, E.

A. S. King and E. Carter, Astrophys. J. 65, 86 (1927).
[Crossref]

Coleman, C. D.

C. D. Coleman and W. R. Bozman, J. Opt Soc. Am. 49, 511 (A) (1959).

Corliss, C. H.

C. H. Corliss, W. R. Bozman, and F. O. Westfall, J. Opt Soc. Am. 43, 398 (1953).
[Crossref]

Crosswhite, H. M.

G. H. Dieke, G. H. Dimock, and H. M. Crosswhite, J. Opt Soc. Am. 46, 456 (1956).
[Crossref]

H. M. Crosswhite, Johns Hopkins Spectroscopic Report No.13 (August1958 unpublished).A partial listing of the lines is also available in American Institute of Physics Handbook (McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., New York, 1957), pp. 7–89.

Dieke, G. H.

G. H. Dieke, G. H. Dimock, and H. M. Crosswhite, J. Opt Soc. Am. 46, 456 (1956).
[Crossref]

Dimock, G. H.

G. H. Dieke, G. H. Dimock, and H. M. Crosswhite, J. Opt Soc. Am. 46, 456 (1956).
[Crossref]

Gaydon, A. G.

R. W. B. Pearse and A. G. Gaydon, The Identification of Molecular Spectra (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1950), p. 246.

Guiliani, J. F.

J. F. Guiliani and M. P. Thekaekara, J. Opt Soc. Am. 54, 460 (1964).
[Crossref]

Ho, I-djen

I-djen Ho and R. A. Sawyer, Phys. Rev. 51, 1202A (1937).

Howe, W. E.

W. E. Howe, J. Opt Soc. Am. 48, 28 (1958).
[Crossref]

Kessler, K. G.

K. G. Kessler, S. B. Prusch, and J. A. Stegun, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc.,  1, 22 (1956).

K. G. Kessler, S. B. Prusch, and J. A. Stegun, J. Opt Soc. Am. 46, 1043 (1956).
[Crossref]

Kiess, C. C.

W. F. Meggers and C. C. Kiess, J. Opt Soc Am. 12, 417 (1926).
[Crossref]

King, A. S.

A. S. King and E. Carter, Astrophys. J. 65, 86 (1927).
[Crossref]

Meggers, W. F.

W. F. Meggers and H. N. Russell, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Std. 2, 733 (1929).

W. F. Meggers and C. C. Kiess, J. Opt Soc Am. 12, 417 (1926).
[Crossref]

W. F. Meggers and C. E. Moore, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 15, 207 (1925).

W. F. Meggers, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 14, 427 (1924).

Moore, C. E.

C. E. Moore, Natl. Bur. Std. Circ. No. 467, 196 (1952).

W. F. Meggers and C. E. Moore, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 15, 207 (1925).

Pearse, R. W. B.

R. W. B. Pearse and A. G. Gaydon, The Identification of Molecular Spectra (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1950), p. 246.

Prusch, S. B.

K. G. Kessler, S. B. Prusch, and J. A. Stegun, J. Opt Soc. Am. 46, 1043 (1956).
[Crossref]

K. G. Kessler, S. B. Prusch, and J. A. Stegun, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc.,  1, 22 (1956).

Russell, H. N.

W. F. Meggers and H. N. Russell, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Std. 2, 733 (1929).

Sawyer, R. A.

I-djen Ho and R. A. Sawyer, Phys. Rev. 51, 1202A (1937).

Stegun, J. A.

K. G. Kessler, S. B. Prusch, and J. A. Stegun, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc.,  1, 22 (1956).

K. G. Kessler, S. B. Prusch, and J. A. Stegun, J. Opt Soc. Am. 46, 1043 (1956).
[Crossref]

Thekaekara, M. P.

J. F. Guiliani and M. P. Thekaekara, J. Opt Soc. Am. 54, 460 (1964).
[Crossref]

C. M. Wilson and M. P. Thekaekara, J. Opt Soc. Am. 51, 289 (1961).
[Crossref]

Vander Sluis, K. L.

K. L. Vander Sluis, J. Opt Soc. Am. 49, 944 (1959).
[Crossref]

Wardakee, A.

A. Wardakee, J. Opt Soc. Am. 54, 460 (1964).
[Crossref]

Westfall, F. O.

C. H. Corliss, W. R. Bozman, and F. O. Westfall, J. Opt Soc. Am. 43, 398 (1953).
[Crossref]

Wilson, C. M.

C. M. Wilson and M. P. Thekaekara, J. Opt Soc. Am. 51, 289 (1961).
[Crossref]

Astrophys. J. (1)

A. S. King and E. Carter, Astrophys. J. 65, 86 (1927).
[Crossref]

Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. (1)

K. G. Kessler, S. B. Prusch, and J. A. Stegun, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc.,  1, 22 (1956).

J. Opt Soc Am. (1)

W. F. Meggers and C. C. Kiess, J. Opt Soc Am. 12, 417 (1926).
[Crossref]

J. Opt Soc. Am. (10)

K. G. Kessler, S. B. Prusch, and J. A. Stegun, J. Opt Soc. Am. 46, 1043 (1956).
[Crossref]

C. D. Coleman and W. R. Bozman, J. Opt Soc. Am. 49, 511 (A) (1959).

K. L. Vander Sluis, J. Opt Soc. Am. 49, 944 (1959).
[Crossref]

C. H. Corliss, W. R. Bozman, and F. O. Westfall, J. Opt Soc. Am. 43, 398 (1953).
[Crossref]

W. E. Howe, J. Opt Soc. Am. 48, 28 (1958).
[Crossref]

A. Wardakee, J. Opt Soc. Am. 54, 460 (1964).
[Crossref]

J. F. Guiliani and M. P. Thekaekara, J. Opt Soc. Am. 54, 460 (1964).
[Crossref]

C. M. Wilson and M. P. Thekaekara, J. Opt Soc. Am. 51, 289 (1961).
[Crossref]

G. H. Dieke, G. H. Dimock, and H. M. Crosswhite, J. Opt Soc. Am. 46, 456 (1956).
[Crossref]

W. R. Bozman, J. Opt Soc. Am. 44, 824 (A) (1954).

J. Res. Natl. Bur. Std. (1)

W. F. Meggers and H. N. Russell, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Std. 2, 733 (1929).

J. Wash. Acad. Sci. (2)

W. F. Meggers and C. E. Moore, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 15, 207 (1925).

W. F. Meggers, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 14, 427 (1924).

Natl. Bur. Std. Circ. No. (1)

C. E. Moore, Natl. Bur. Std. Circ. No. 467, 196 (1952).

Phys. Rev. (1)

I-djen Ho and R. A. Sawyer, Phys. Rev. 51, 1202A (1937).

Other (4)

R. W. B. Pearse and A. G. Gaydon, The Identification of Molecular Spectra (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1950), p. 246.

H. W. Banks, “First Spectrum of Titanium from 6000 Å to 3000 Å,” Doctoral dissertation, Georgetown University, Washington. D. C. (1961).

W. R. Bozman, “The Spectrum of Titanium from 6000 Å to 9000 Å,” Master’s thesis, Georgetown University, Washington, D. C. (1961).

H. M. Crosswhite, Johns Hopkins Spectroscopic Report No.13 (August1958 unpublished).A partial listing of the lines is also available in American Institute of Physics Handbook (McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., New York, 1957), pp. 7–89.

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Figures (1)

F. 1
F. 1

Plate calibration curve as plotted automatically.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table I Newly classified lines of yttrium.

Tables Icon

Table II Wavelengths of yttrium lines measured in the electrodeless discharge, in the region 4596–6424 Å. Newly classified lines of Table I have been omitted. Lines previously measured by Meggers and Russell are indicated by I or II after the wavelength.