Abstract

The absorption of light in distilled water, artificial sea water, and heavy water was measured in the visible region. A Nielsen spectrometer with glass optics was used with a tungsten source and photomultiplier detector. Path lengths were 60.0 and 132.0 cm. The absorption in distilled and artificial sea water differs little; maxima below 745 mμ were too weak to be observed. The absorption in heavy water is very small, increasing from a broad minimum at 700–600 mμ until at 390 mμ it is a factor of 10 larger than the minimum value.

© 1963 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. N. E. Dorsey, Properties of Ordinary Water Substance (Reinhold Publishing Corporation, New York, 1940), 341 ff.
  2. E. F. Dupre and L. H. Dawson, Transmission of Light in Water: An Annotated Bibliography (U. S. Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D. C., 1961).
  3. E. O. Hulburt, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 35, 698 (1945).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. A. Curcio and C. C. Petty, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 41, 302 (1951).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. R. Nielsen, F. W. Crawford, and D. C. Smith, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 37, 246 (1947).
  6. Smithsonian Physical Tables (Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D. C., 1954), 9th revised ed., p. 776.
  7. J. C. McLennan, R. Ruedy, and A. C. Burton, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) A120, 296 (1928).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Barret and A. L. Mansell, Nature 187, 138 (1960).
    [CrossRef]

1960 (1)

J. Barret and A. L. Mansell, Nature 187, 138 (1960).
[CrossRef]

1951 (1)

1947 (1)

J. R. Nielsen, F. W. Crawford, and D. C. Smith, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 37, 246 (1947).

1945 (1)

1928 (1)

J. C. McLennan, R. Ruedy, and A. C. Burton, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) A120, 296 (1928).
[CrossRef]

Barret, J.

J. Barret and A. L. Mansell, Nature 187, 138 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Burton, A. C.

J. C. McLennan, R. Ruedy, and A. C. Burton, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) A120, 296 (1928).
[CrossRef]

Crawford, F. W.

J. R. Nielsen, F. W. Crawford, and D. C. Smith, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 37, 246 (1947).

Curcio, J. A.

Dawson, L. H.

E. F. Dupre and L. H. Dawson, Transmission of Light in Water: An Annotated Bibliography (U. S. Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D. C., 1961).

Dorsey, N. E.

N. E. Dorsey, Properties of Ordinary Water Substance (Reinhold Publishing Corporation, New York, 1940), 341 ff.

Dupre, E. F.

E. F. Dupre and L. H. Dawson, Transmission of Light in Water: An Annotated Bibliography (U. S. Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D. C., 1961).

Hulburt, E. O.

Mansell, A. L.

J. Barret and A. L. Mansell, Nature 187, 138 (1960).
[CrossRef]

McLennan, J. C.

J. C. McLennan, R. Ruedy, and A. C. Burton, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) A120, 296 (1928).
[CrossRef]

Nielsen, J. R.

J. R. Nielsen, F. W. Crawford, and D. C. Smith, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 37, 246 (1947).

Petty, C. C.

Ruedy, R.

J. C. McLennan, R. Ruedy, and A. C. Burton, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) A120, 296 (1928).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. C.

J. R. Nielsen, F. W. Crawford, and D. C. Smith, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 37, 246 (1947).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (3)

Nature (1)

J. Barret and A. L. Mansell, Nature 187, 138 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) (1)

J. C. McLennan, R. Ruedy, and A. C. Burton, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) A120, 296 (1928).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

N. E. Dorsey, Properties of Ordinary Water Substance (Reinhold Publishing Corporation, New York, 1940), 341 ff.

E. F. Dupre and L. H. Dawson, Transmission of Light in Water: An Annotated Bibliography (U. S. Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D. C., 1961).

Smithsonian Physical Tables (Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D. C., 1954), 9th revised ed., p. 776.

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Tables (4)

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Table I Absorption coefficient α for distilled water, artificial sea water, and heavy water in the region 790–580 mμ (×104 cm−1).

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Table II Absorption coefficient α for heavy water (580–390 mμ) and for distilled water (450–400 mμ) (×104 cm−1).

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Table III Absolute and relative deviations from the mean value of the absorption coefficient for the three types of water from 790–580 mμ.

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Table IV Absolute and relative deviations from the mean value of the absorption coefficient for heavy water from 570–390 mμ.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I = I 0 e α x ,
I = I 0 e α t x
I = R I 0 e α x .
k = α t α = ( ln R / x ) = 0.0883 / x .
[ ( 0.3 ) 2 ( 0.2 ) 2 ] 1 2 = 0.22 ( × 10 4 cm 1 ) ,