Simplified equations are developed for computing the emissivity of the carbon dioxide 4.3-μ band. The harmonic oscillator model is assumed in computing band intensities, but anharmonicity is considered in computing the spectral distribution of emitted radiation. Calculated values of and are presented for temperatures ranging from 300° to 3000°K, from which emissivities may be readily computed for a given pressure and optical path in both the weak-line and strong-line approximations. In the absence of significant Doppler broadening, both approximations provide upper limits to the emissivity. Emissivities are also computed for the case of a pure Doppler line shape for temperatures ranging from 300° to 1500°K. Doppler broadening is shown to be an important factor in setting a lower limit to the possible values of emissivity obtained at low pressures and long path lengths. Comparisons are made with published experimental data using the weak-line approximation; in several cases, the strong-line approximation as well as a mixed strong-line–weak-line approximation is also shown. The results of the present work are shown to be in good agreement with published experimental data and in definite disagreement with other theoretical calculations.
© 1963 Optical Society of AmericaFull Article | PDF Article
Darrell E. Burch and Dudley Williams
Appl. Opt. 3(1) 55-61 (1964)
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