Abstract

This paper reports the index of refraction of CaWO<sub>4</sub>, CaF<sub>2</sub>, and BaF<sub>2</sub> for wavelengths from 4350 to 18 460 Å and over the temperature range - 180°C to room temperature. Measurements are made on dilute ruby at 5461 Å from -180° to 70°C. The results are applied to an interpretation of the output frequency of solid-state optical masers.

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  1. W. L. Bond (to be published).
  2. M. Barbaron, Ann. Phys. (Paris) 6, 899 (1951).
  3. R. A. McFarlane, "A Summary of Available Data on the Physical Properties of Synthetic Sapphire," Adolf Meller Company, Providence (1961) and private communication. However, there is some spread in the values quoted in the literature. See also the publication of the Linde Company, "Thermal Properties of Clear Sapphire" (February 1959).
  4. I. H. Malitson, F. V. Murphy, Jr., and W. S. Rodney, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 48, 72 (1958).
  5. G. N. Ramachandran, Proc. Ind. Acad. Sci. 25A, 266 (1947).
  6. L. Prod'homme, Phys. Chem. Glasses 1, 119 (1960).
  7. L. Prod'homme, Rev. Opt. (France) 40, 407 (1961).
  8. F. Lukes, Czech. J. Phys. 10, 742 (1960).
  9. International Critical Tables (McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., New York, 1928), Vol. 3, p. 43.
  10. T. H. Maiman, R. H. Hoskins, I. J. D'Haenens, C. K. Asawa, and V. Evtuhof, Phys. Rev. 123, 1151 (1961).
  11. J. A. Ditzenberger (unpublished).
  12. M. Ciftan, A. Krutchkoff, and S. Koozekanani, Proc. IRE 50, 84 (1962).
  13. The coefficients of thermal expansion for CaWO4 are 7.9 × 10-6 (a axis) and 12.7× 10-6 (c axis). See K. Nassau and A. M. Broyer, J. Appl. Phys. 33, 3064 (1962).
  14. L. F. Johnson and R. A. Thomas (unpublished).
  15. L. F. Johnson, Quantum Electronics Conference, Paris, 1963.
  16. D. Abella and H. Z. Cummins, J. Appl. Phys. 32, 1177 (1961).
  17. P. Kisliuk and W. S. Boyle, Proc. IRE 49, 1635 (1961).

Abella, I. D.

D. Abella and H. Z. Cummins, J. Appl. Phys. 32, 1177 (1961).

Asawa, C. K.

T. H. Maiman, R. H. Hoskins, I. J. D'Haenens, C. K. Asawa, and V. Evtuhof, Phys. Rev. 123, 1151 (1961).

Barbaron, M.

M. Barbaron, Ann. Phys. (Paris) 6, 899 (1951).

Bond, W. L.

W. L. Bond (to be published).

Boyle, W. S.

P. Kisliuk and W. S. Boyle, Proc. IRE 49, 1635 (1961).

Broyer, A. M.

The coefficients of thermal expansion for CaWO4 are 7.9 × 10-6 (a axis) and 12.7× 10-6 (c axis). See K. Nassau and A. M. Broyer, J. Appl. Phys. 33, 3064 (1962).

Ciftan, M.

M. Ciftan, A. Krutchkoff, and S. Koozekanani, Proc. IRE 50, 84 (1962).

Cummins, H. Z.

D. Abella and H. Z. Cummins, J. Appl. Phys. 32, 1177 (1961).

D’Haenens, I. J.

T. H. Maiman, R. H. Hoskins, I. J. D'Haenens, C. K. Asawa, and V. Evtuhof, Phys. Rev. 123, 1151 (1961).

Ditzenberger, J. A.

J. A. Ditzenberger (unpublished).

Evtuhof, V.

T. H. Maiman, R. H. Hoskins, I. J. D'Haenens, C. K. Asawa, and V. Evtuhof, Phys. Rev. 123, 1151 (1961).

Hoskins, R. H.

T. H. Maiman, R. H. Hoskins, I. J. D'Haenens, C. K. Asawa, and V. Evtuhof, Phys. Rev. 123, 1151 (1961).

Johnson, L. F.

L. F. Johnson, Quantum Electronics Conference, Paris, 1963.

L. F. Johnson and R. A. Thomas (unpublished).

Kisliuk, P.

P. Kisliuk and W. S. Boyle, Proc. IRE 49, 1635 (1961).

Koozekanani, S.

M. Ciftan, A. Krutchkoff, and S. Koozekanani, Proc. IRE 50, 84 (1962).

Krutchkoff, A.

M. Ciftan, A. Krutchkoff, and S. Koozekanani, Proc. IRE 50, 84 (1962).

Lukes, F.

F. Lukes, Czech. J. Phys. 10, 742 (1960).

Maiman, T. H.

T. H. Maiman, R. H. Hoskins, I. J. D'Haenens, C. K. Asawa, and V. Evtuhof, Phys. Rev. 123, 1151 (1961).

Malitson, I. H.

I. H. Malitson, F. V. Murphy, Jr., and W. S. Rodney, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 48, 72 (1958).

McFarlane, R. A.

R. A. McFarlane, "A Summary of Available Data on the Physical Properties of Synthetic Sapphire," Adolf Meller Company, Providence (1961) and private communication. However, there is some spread in the values quoted in the literature. See also the publication of the Linde Company, "Thermal Properties of Clear Sapphire" (February 1959).

Murphy, Jr., F. V.

I. H. Malitson, F. V. Murphy, Jr., and W. S. Rodney, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 48, 72 (1958).

Nassau, K.

The coefficients of thermal expansion for CaWO4 are 7.9 × 10-6 (a axis) and 12.7× 10-6 (c axis). See K. Nassau and A. M. Broyer, J. Appl. Phys. 33, 3064 (1962).

Prod’homme, L.

L. Prod'homme, Phys. Chem. Glasses 1, 119 (1960).

L. Prod'homme, Rev. Opt. (France) 40, 407 (1961).

Ramachandran, G. N.

G. N. Ramachandran, Proc. Ind. Acad. Sci. 25A, 266 (1947).

Rodney, W. S.

I. H. Malitson, F. V. Murphy, Jr., and W. S. Rodney, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 48, 72 (1958).

Thomas, R. A.

L. F. Johnson and R. A. Thomas (unpublished).

Other (17)

W. L. Bond (to be published).

M. Barbaron, Ann. Phys. (Paris) 6, 899 (1951).

R. A. McFarlane, "A Summary of Available Data on the Physical Properties of Synthetic Sapphire," Adolf Meller Company, Providence (1961) and private communication. However, there is some spread in the values quoted in the literature. See also the publication of the Linde Company, "Thermal Properties of Clear Sapphire" (February 1959).

I. H. Malitson, F. V. Murphy, Jr., and W. S. Rodney, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 48, 72 (1958).

G. N. Ramachandran, Proc. Ind. Acad. Sci. 25A, 266 (1947).

L. Prod'homme, Phys. Chem. Glasses 1, 119 (1960).

L. Prod'homme, Rev. Opt. (France) 40, 407 (1961).

F. Lukes, Czech. J. Phys. 10, 742 (1960).

International Critical Tables (McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., New York, 1928), Vol. 3, p. 43.

T. H. Maiman, R. H. Hoskins, I. J. D'Haenens, C. K. Asawa, and V. Evtuhof, Phys. Rev. 123, 1151 (1961).

J. A. Ditzenberger (unpublished).

M. Ciftan, A. Krutchkoff, and S. Koozekanani, Proc. IRE 50, 84 (1962).

The coefficients of thermal expansion for CaWO4 are 7.9 × 10-6 (a axis) and 12.7× 10-6 (c axis). See K. Nassau and A. M. Broyer, J. Appl. Phys. 33, 3064 (1962).

L. F. Johnson and R. A. Thomas (unpublished).

L. F. Johnson, Quantum Electronics Conference, Paris, 1963.

D. Abella and H. Z. Cummins, J. Appl. Phys. 32, 1177 (1961).

P. Kisliuk and W. S. Boyle, Proc. IRE 49, 1635 (1961).

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