Abstract

The specular reflectance of evaporated aluminum films has been measured with high precision (±0.1%) from 0.55 to 32 µ. The measurements were made at normal incidence on fresh and aged films deposited on fuzed quartz substrates with rapid evaporation rates at pressures of about 1×10<sup>-5</sup> Torr. The dependence of the reflectance on the evaporation conditions was also investigated, and it was found that the infrared reflectance of aluminum prepared under the usual high-vacuum conditions is reproducible and insensitive to the conditions of film preparation. Although the measured reflectance of freshly evaporated aluminum films differs by only 0.1% at 30 µ from the value calculated from the free-electron approximation assuming bulk parameters for aluminum, the variation of the measured reflectance with wavelength does not fit the theory in the infrared. It is felt that the validity of the free-electron approximation should be further tested by using films deposited in ultra-high vacuum.

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  1. W. W. Coblentz, Tech. News Bull. Bur. Standards 2, 470 (1906).
  2. W. W. Coblentz, Tech. News Bull. Bur. Standards 7, 197 (1911).
  3. W. Woltersdorff, Z. Physik 91, 230 (1934).
  4. W. Walkenhorst, Z. Tech. Physik 22, 14 (1941).
  5. G. Hass, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 45, 945 (1955).
  6. D. M. Gates, C. C. Shaw, and D. Beaumont, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 48, 88 (1958).
  7. L. G. Schulz, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 44, 357 (1954).
  8. L. G. Schulz and F. R. Tangherlini, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 44, 362 (1954).
  9. J. N. Hodgson, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) B68, 593 (1955).
  10. J. R. Beattie, Phil. Mag. 46, 235 (1955).
  11. Obtained from the Aluminum Company of America.
  12. W. F. Koehler, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 43, 743 (1953).
  13. W. F. Koehler, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 45, 1015 (1955).
  14. G. N. Srivastava and G. D. Scott, Brit. J. Appl. Phys. 12, 255 (1961).
  15. H. E. Bennett and W. F. Koehler, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 50, 1 (1960).
  16. G. Hass, American Institute of Physics Handbook (McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., New York, 1957), pp. 6–108.
  17. G. Hass and J. E. Waylonis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 51, 719 (1961).
  18. G. Hass (private communication).
  19. L. Holland, Vacuumt Deposition of Thin Films (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1958), p. 328.
  20. A. J. Melmed and R. Gomer, J. Chem. Phys. 34, 1802 (1961).
  21. J. Hasse, Z. Physik 157, 166 (1959).
  22. I. H. Malitson, F. V. Murphy, Jr., and W. S. Rodney, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 18, 72 (1958).
  23. G. Hass and N. W. Scott, J. phys. radium 11, 394 (1950).
  24. P. H. Berning, G. Hass, and R. P. Madden, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 50, 586 (1960).
  25. H. E. Bennett and J. O. Porteus, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 51, 123 (1961).
  26. G. Hass, W. R. Hunter, and R. Tousey, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 1070 (1957).
  27. See reference 19, p. 320.
  28. E. Gaviola, and J. Strong, Phys. Rev. 48, 136 (1935).
  29. J. Strong, Astrophys. J. 83, 401 (1936).
  30. L. G. Schulz, Advances in Phys. 6, 102 (1957).
  31. H. Mendlowitz, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 75, 664 (1960).

Beattie, J. R.

J. R. Beattie, Phil. Mag. 46, 235 (1955).

Beaumont, D.

D. M. Gates, C. C. Shaw, and D. Beaumont, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 48, 88 (1958).

Bennett, H. E.

H. E. Bennett and W. F. Koehler, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 50, 1 (1960).

H. E. Bennett and J. O. Porteus, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 51, 123 (1961).

Berning, P. H.

P. H. Berning, G. Hass, and R. P. Madden, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 50, 586 (1960).

Coblentz, W. W.

W. W. Coblentz, Tech. News Bull. Bur. Standards 2, 470 (1906).

W. W. Coblentz, Tech. News Bull. Bur. Standards 7, 197 (1911).

Gates, D. M.

D. M. Gates, C. C. Shaw, and D. Beaumont, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 48, 88 (1958).

Gaviola, E.

E. Gaviola, and J. Strong, Phys. Rev. 48, 136 (1935).

Gomer, R.

A. J. Melmed and R. Gomer, J. Chem. Phys. 34, 1802 (1961).

Hass, G.

G. Hass, American Institute of Physics Handbook (McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., New York, 1957), pp. 6–108.

G. Hass and J. E. Waylonis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 51, 719 (1961).

P. H. Berning, G. Hass, and R. P. Madden, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 50, 586 (1960).

G. Hass (private communication).

G. Hass and N. W. Scott, J. phys. radium 11, 394 (1950).

G. Hass, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 45, 945 (1955).

G. Hass, W. R. Hunter, and R. Tousey, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 1070 (1957).

Hasse, J.

J. Hasse, Z. Physik 157, 166 (1959).

Hodgson, J. N.

J. N. Hodgson, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) B68, 593 (1955).

Holland, L.

L. Holland, Vacuumt Deposition of Thin Films (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1958), p. 328.

Hunter, W. R.

G. Hass, W. R. Hunter, and R. Tousey, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 1070 (1957).

Koehler, W. F.

H. E. Bennett and W. F. Koehler, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 50, 1 (1960).

W. F. Koehler, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 43, 743 (1953).

W. F. Koehler, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 45, 1015 (1955).

Madden, R. P.

P. H. Berning, G. Hass, and R. P. Madden, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 50, 586 (1960).

Malitson, I. H.

I. H. Malitson, F. V. Murphy, Jr., and W. S. Rodney, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 18, 72 (1958).

Melmed, A. J.

A. J. Melmed and R. Gomer, J. Chem. Phys. 34, 1802 (1961).

Mendlowitz, H.

H. Mendlowitz, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 75, 664 (1960).

Murphy, Jr., F. V.

I. H. Malitson, F. V. Murphy, Jr., and W. S. Rodney, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 18, 72 (1958).

Porteus, J. O.

H. E. Bennett and J. O. Porteus, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 51, 123 (1961).

Rodney, W. S.

I. H. Malitson, F. V. Murphy, Jr., and W. S. Rodney, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 18, 72 (1958).

Schulz, L. G.

L. G. Schulz, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 44, 357 (1954).

L. G. Schulz and F. R. Tangherlini, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 44, 362 (1954).

L. G. Schulz, Advances in Phys. 6, 102 (1957).

Scott, G. D.

G. N. Srivastava and G. D. Scott, Brit. J. Appl. Phys. 12, 255 (1961).

Scott, N. W.

G. Hass and N. W. Scott, J. phys. radium 11, 394 (1950).

Shaw, C. C.

D. M. Gates, C. C. Shaw, and D. Beaumont, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 48, 88 (1958).

Srivastava, G. N.

G. N. Srivastava and G. D. Scott, Brit. J. Appl. Phys. 12, 255 (1961).

Strong, J.

E. Gaviola, and J. Strong, Phys. Rev. 48, 136 (1935).

J. Strong, Astrophys. J. 83, 401 (1936).

Tangherlini, F. R.

L. G. Schulz and F. R. Tangherlini, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 44, 362 (1954).

Tousey, R.

G. Hass, W. R. Hunter, and R. Tousey, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 1070 (1957).

Walkenhorst, W.

W. Walkenhorst, Z. Tech. Physik 22, 14 (1941).

Waylonis, J. E.

G. Hass and J. E. Waylonis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 51, 719 (1961).

Woltersdorff, W.

W. Woltersdorff, Z. Physik 91, 230 (1934).

Other (31)

W. W. Coblentz, Tech. News Bull. Bur. Standards 2, 470 (1906).

W. W. Coblentz, Tech. News Bull. Bur. Standards 7, 197 (1911).

W. Woltersdorff, Z. Physik 91, 230 (1934).

W. Walkenhorst, Z. Tech. Physik 22, 14 (1941).

G. Hass, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 45, 945 (1955).

D. M. Gates, C. C. Shaw, and D. Beaumont, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 48, 88 (1958).

L. G. Schulz, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 44, 357 (1954).

L. G. Schulz and F. R. Tangherlini, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 44, 362 (1954).

J. N. Hodgson, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) B68, 593 (1955).

J. R. Beattie, Phil. Mag. 46, 235 (1955).

Obtained from the Aluminum Company of America.

W. F. Koehler, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 43, 743 (1953).

W. F. Koehler, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 45, 1015 (1955).

G. N. Srivastava and G. D. Scott, Brit. J. Appl. Phys. 12, 255 (1961).

H. E. Bennett and W. F. Koehler, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 50, 1 (1960).

G. Hass, American Institute of Physics Handbook (McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., New York, 1957), pp. 6–108.

G. Hass and J. E. Waylonis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 51, 719 (1961).

G. Hass (private communication).

L. Holland, Vacuumt Deposition of Thin Films (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1958), p. 328.

A. J. Melmed and R. Gomer, J. Chem. Phys. 34, 1802 (1961).

J. Hasse, Z. Physik 157, 166 (1959).

I. H. Malitson, F. V. Murphy, Jr., and W. S. Rodney, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 18, 72 (1958).

G. Hass and N. W. Scott, J. phys. radium 11, 394 (1950).

P. H. Berning, G. Hass, and R. P. Madden, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 50, 586 (1960).

H. E. Bennett and J. O. Porteus, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 51, 123 (1961).

G. Hass, W. R. Hunter, and R. Tousey, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 1070 (1957).

See reference 19, p. 320.

E. Gaviola, and J. Strong, Phys. Rev. 48, 136 (1935).

J. Strong, Astrophys. J. 83, 401 (1936).

L. G. Schulz, Advances in Phys. 6, 102 (1957).

H. Mendlowitz, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 75, 664 (1960).

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