B. Hillman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 48, 422 (1958) and E. Baumgardt and B. Hillman, ibid. 51, 340 (1961) are the most recent of many studies of foveal and peripheral reciprocity relations.
Y. LeGrand, Light, Colour and Vision (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1957), pp. 291–293.
M. Alpern, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 43, 648 (1953).
W. McDougall, Brit. J. Psychol. 1, 151 (1904). McDougall's "indirect method" could be used only to determine the "action time" of a flash, i.e., that duration of stimulus which yields maximal brightness.
D. Raab, E. Fehrer, and M. Hershenson, J. Exptl. Psychol. 61, 193 (1961).
D. Raab and E. Fehrer, J. Exptl. Psychol. (to be published).
D. Raab, Am. J. Psychol. 75, 298 (1962).
S. S. Stevens, Am. J. Psychol. 69, 1 (1956).
D. Raab, Science 135, 42 (1962).
M. S. Katz, "The Perceived Brightness of Light Flashes," Ph.D. thesis, University of Rochester (1959).
M. A. Bills, Psychol. Monogr. 28, No. 5 (1920).
W. H. Stainton, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 16, 26 (1928).
R. M. Boynton, in Sensory Communication, edited by W. A. Rosenblith (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1961), p. 741.
P. A. Kolers and B. S. Rosner, Am. J. Psychol. 73, 2 (1960).
Let Δt= the onset asynchrony between the standard and variable flashes. Let d = the duration of the variable flash. The three conditions are then defined as follows: 1. Δt=0; 2. Δt=200-d; 3. Δt=100-½d.
R. S. Woodworth and H. Schlosberg, Experimental Psychology (Henry Holt and Company, Inc., New York, 1954), revised ed., pp. 197–198.
See reference 13, p. 742.
Our equipment cannot generate luminances greater than 101 dB; below 73 dB, the test flash appeared too faint for positional judgments to be made.