Abstract

The luminous efficiency of the spectrum, dichromatic coefficients, spectral color confusions, and matches of spectral to pigment colors were obtained on a congenital tritanope. The results are compared with those obtained by Wright and by Thomson and Wright. The conclusion is drawn that a point close to the spectrum locus in the violet region of the normal chromaticity plane has been reliably located as representing a “missing” receptor process, according to the Helmholtz theoretical development. The possible implications of this finding are pursued with reference to the theoretical primary receptor functions of normals and the question of a theoretically derived equal chromaticity space.

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  1. W. D. Wright, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 42, 509 (1952).
  2. H. V. Helmholtz, Physiological Optics, edited by J. P. C. Southall (Optical Society of America, 1924), Chap. II, pp. 148–150.
  3. L. C. Thomson and W. D. Wright, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 43, 890 (1953).
  4. F. H. G. Pitt, "Characteristics of dichromatic vision," Report No. 14 of the Committee upon the Physiology of Vision, Medical Research Council, H.M.S.O. (1935).
  5. D. B. Judd, J. Research Natl. Bur. Standards 33, 407 (1944).
  6. W. R. Miles, J. Neurophysiol. 17, 22 (1954).
  7. G. A. Fry, "Final report on contract nonr-560(00) NR 141–047," between the Office of Naval Research and the Ohio State University (June 15, 1953).
  8. H. G. Sperling, National Physical Laboratory Symszposium No. 8, "Visual problems of colour" (Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1958), Paper No. 8.
  9. H. G. Sperling and W. G. Lewis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 49, 983 (1959).
  10. C. H. Graham and Y. Hsia, Science 127, 675 (1958).
  11. W. D. Wright, Researcles in Normal and Defective Color Vision (C. V. Mosby Company, St. Louis, 1947), p. 265.
  12. Martin, Warburton, and Morgan, Medical Research Council Report No. 188 (1933).
  13. F. H. G. Pitt, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) B132, 101 (1944).
  14. H. v. Helmholtz, Z. Sinnesphysiol., 3, 517 (1891).
  15. W. S. Stiles, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 58, 41 (1946).
  16. E. Shrödinger, Ann. Physik 63 (1920).
  17. D. L. MacAdam, J. Opt. Soc. A. 32, 247 (1942).
  18. D. L. MacAdam, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 33, 675 (1943).
  19. F. C. Breckenridge and W. R. Schaub, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 29, 370 (1939).
  20. D. B. Judd, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 25, 24 (1935).
  21. W. R. J. Brown, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 137 (1957).
  22. A. Dresler, Trans. Am. Illum. Eng. Soc. 18, 141 (1953).

Breckenridge, F. C.

F. C. Breckenridge and W. R. Schaub, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 29, 370 (1939).

Brown, W. R. J.

W. R. J. Brown, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 137 (1957).

Dresler, A.

A. Dresler, Trans. Am. Illum. Eng. Soc. 18, 141 (1953).

Fry, G. A.

G. A. Fry, "Final report on contract nonr-560(00) NR 141–047," between the Office of Naval Research and the Ohio State University (June 15, 1953).

Graham, C. H.

C. H. Graham and Y. Hsia, Science 127, 675 (1958).

Helmholtz, H. v.

H. v. Helmholtz, Z. Sinnesphysiol., 3, 517 (1891).

H. V. Helmholtz, Physiological Optics, edited by J. P. C. Southall (Optical Society of America, 1924), Chap. II, pp. 148–150.

Hsia, Y.

C. H. Graham and Y. Hsia, Science 127, 675 (1958).

Judd, D. B.

D. B. Judd, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 25, 24 (1935).

D. B. Judd, J. Research Natl. Bur. Standards 33, 407 (1944).

Lewis, W. G.

H. G. Sperling and W. G. Lewis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 49, 983 (1959).

MacAdam, D. L.

D. L. MacAdam, J. Opt. Soc. A. 32, 247 (1942).

D. L. MacAdam, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 33, 675 (1943).

Miles, W. R.

W. R. Miles, J. Neurophysiol. 17, 22 (1954).

Pitt, F. H. G.

F. H. G. Pitt, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) B132, 101 (1944).

F. H. G. Pitt, "Characteristics of dichromatic vision," Report No. 14 of the Committee upon the Physiology of Vision, Medical Research Council, H.M.S.O. (1935).

Schaub, W. R.

F. C. Breckenridge and W. R. Schaub, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 29, 370 (1939).

Shrödinger, E.

E. Shrödinger, Ann. Physik 63 (1920).

Sperling, H. G.

H. G. Sperling and W. G. Lewis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 49, 983 (1959).

H. G. Sperling, National Physical Laboratory Symszposium No. 8, "Visual problems of colour" (Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1958), Paper No. 8.

Stiles, W. S.

W. S. Stiles, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 58, 41 (1946).

Thomson, L. C.

L. C. Thomson and W. D. Wright, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 43, 890 (1953).

Wright, W. D.

L. C. Thomson and W. D. Wright, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 43, 890 (1953).

W. D. Wright, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 42, 509 (1952).

W. D. Wright, Researcles in Normal and Defective Color Vision (C. V. Mosby Company, St. Louis, 1947), p. 265.

Other (22)

W. D. Wright, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 42, 509 (1952).

H. V. Helmholtz, Physiological Optics, edited by J. P. C. Southall (Optical Society of America, 1924), Chap. II, pp. 148–150.

L. C. Thomson and W. D. Wright, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 43, 890 (1953).

F. H. G. Pitt, "Characteristics of dichromatic vision," Report No. 14 of the Committee upon the Physiology of Vision, Medical Research Council, H.M.S.O. (1935).

D. B. Judd, J. Research Natl. Bur. Standards 33, 407 (1944).

W. R. Miles, J. Neurophysiol. 17, 22 (1954).

G. A. Fry, "Final report on contract nonr-560(00) NR 141–047," between the Office of Naval Research and the Ohio State University (June 15, 1953).

H. G. Sperling, National Physical Laboratory Symszposium No. 8, "Visual problems of colour" (Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1958), Paper No. 8.

H. G. Sperling and W. G. Lewis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 49, 983 (1959).

C. H. Graham and Y. Hsia, Science 127, 675 (1958).

W. D. Wright, Researcles in Normal and Defective Color Vision (C. V. Mosby Company, St. Louis, 1947), p. 265.

Martin, Warburton, and Morgan, Medical Research Council Report No. 188 (1933).

F. H. G. Pitt, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) B132, 101 (1944).

H. v. Helmholtz, Z. Sinnesphysiol., 3, 517 (1891).

W. S. Stiles, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 58, 41 (1946).

E. Shrödinger, Ann. Physik 63 (1920).

D. L. MacAdam, J. Opt. Soc. A. 32, 247 (1942).

D. L. MacAdam, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 33, 675 (1943).

F. C. Breckenridge and W. R. Schaub, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 29, 370 (1939).

D. B. Judd, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 25, 24 (1935).

W. R. J. Brown, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 137 (1957).

A. Dresler, Trans. Am. Illum. Eng. Soc. 18, 141 (1953).

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