Abstract

The present investigation aims at the determination of the influence of the distance between the observer and a moving object and of the size of a slit in front of the object, on the maximum angular velocity of pursuit ocular movements. The latter was indirectly computed from the maximum linear velocity at which an individual is just able to recognize the smallest resolvable details of the object moving in a vertical plane. The results indicate that the maximum angular velocity of eye movements is equal to 57.3s/d(bs+a) where s is the vertical dimension of the slit, d, the distance between the observer and the moving object, and b and a are constants for the individual. It is concluded from the above relationship that s and d independently influence the maximum angular velocity of eye movements and not by altering the pattern of image on the retina. The results confirm the hypothesis that the maximum angular velocity of eye movements is related to the perceived dimensions of the slit. Further, it is postulated that the visual cues for distance perception are responsible for the inverse linear relationship between the response of the eyes to a given stimulus pattern in the psychovisual cortex and the distance of the observer from the object.

© 1960 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. B. Bhatia, J. Aviation Med. 28, 309 (1957).
  2. F. H. Adler, Physiology of the Eye (C. V. Mosby Company, New York, 1950).
  3. B. Bhatia (to be published).
  4. E. J. Ludvigh, Science 105, 176 (1947).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. E. J. Ludvigh, Science 108, 63 (1948).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. E. J. Ludvigh, Arch. Ophthalmol. 42, 14 (1949).
    [Crossref]
  7. E. J. Ludvigh and J. W. Miller, Joint Project NM 001 110 501. (Kresge Eye Institute and Naval School of Aviation Medicine, Pensacola, Florida, 1953).
  8. J. W. Miller and E. J. Ludvigh, Joint Project NM 001 110 501. (Kresge Eye Institute and Naval School of Aviation Medicine, Pensacola, Florida, 1953).
  9. E. J. Ludvigh, Joint Project, , 1953.

1957 (1)

B. Bhatia, J. Aviation Med. 28, 309 (1957).

1949 (1)

E. J. Ludvigh, Arch. Ophthalmol. 42, 14 (1949).
[Crossref]

1948 (1)

E. J. Ludvigh, Science 108, 63 (1948).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1947 (1)

E. J. Ludvigh, Science 105, 176 (1947).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adler, F. H.

F. H. Adler, Physiology of the Eye (C. V. Mosby Company, New York, 1950).

Bhatia, B.

B. Bhatia, J. Aviation Med. 28, 309 (1957).

B. Bhatia (to be published).

Ludvigh, E. J.

E. J. Ludvigh, Arch. Ophthalmol. 42, 14 (1949).
[Crossref]

E. J. Ludvigh, Science 108, 63 (1948).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. J. Ludvigh, Science 105, 176 (1947).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. J. Ludvigh and J. W. Miller, Joint Project NM 001 110 501. (Kresge Eye Institute and Naval School of Aviation Medicine, Pensacola, Florida, 1953).

J. W. Miller and E. J. Ludvigh, Joint Project NM 001 110 501. (Kresge Eye Institute and Naval School of Aviation Medicine, Pensacola, Florida, 1953).

E. J. Ludvigh, Joint Project, , 1953.

Miller, J. W.

E. J. Ludvigh and J. W. Miller, Joint Project NM 001 110 501. (Kresge Eye Institute and Naval School of Aviation Medicine, Pensacola, Florida, 1953).

J. W. Miller and E. J. Ludvigh, Joint Project NM 001 110 501. (Kresge Eye Institute and Naval School of Aviation Medicine, Pensacola, Florida, 1953).

Arch. Ophthalmol. (1)

E. J. Ludvigh, Arch. Ophthalmol. 42, 14 (1949).
[Crossref]

J. Aviation Med. (1)

B. Bhatia, J. Aviation Med. 28, 309 (1957).

Science (2)

E. J. Ludvigh, Science 105, 176 (1947).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. J. Ludvigh, Science 108, 63 (1948).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (5)

F. H. Adler, Physiology of the Eye (C. V. Mosby Company, New York, 1950).

B. Bhatia (to be published).

E. J. Ludvigh and J. W. Miller, Joint Project NM 001 110 501. (Kresge Eye Institute and Naval School of Aviation Medicine, Pensacola, Florida, 1953).

J. W. Miller and E. J. Ludvigh, Joint Project NM 001 110 501. (Kresge Eye Institute and Naval School of Aviation Medicine, Pensacola, Florida, 1953).

E. J. Ludvigh, Joint Project, , 1953.

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Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table I Values of b and a in the relationship t=bs+a, where s is the slit length in inches and t is the time in seconds taken by the object to traverse the slit when the object is moving at the critical velocity; r denotes the coefficient of correlation between s and t.

Equations (2)

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t = b s + a ,
d d t | max = 57.3 s * d ( b s + a ) .