Abstract

The infrared spectra of water sorbed on several synthetic zeolites is discussed in terms of the molecular species present. Three different sets of bands are observed for water as the water content on the zeolite is varied. Evidence for surface OH groups for synthetic zeolites is presented. A technique for reducing the scattered light of zeolite powders by wetting them is suggested. It is possible to study surface OH groups by this technique using D<sub>2</sub>O as the wetting agent. A mechanism whereby surface OH groups can form in sodium and ammonium zeolites is given. The results obtained for water sorbed on sodium zeolites differs to some extent from those reported previously.

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  1. J. E. Mapes and R. P. Eischens, J. Phys. Chem. 58, 1059 (1954).
  2. G. J. C. Frohnsdorff and G. L. Kington, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) A247, 469 (1958).
  3. R. P. Eischens, J. Chem. Educ. 35, 385 (1958).
  4. R. S. McDonald, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 79, 850 (1957).
  5. Advances in Catalysis, 10, 41 (1958).
  6. H. A. Szymanski, R. Povinelli, D. Stamires, and G. Lynch, Anal. Chem. 31, 2110 (1959).
  7. R. M. Barrer, F. W. Bultitude and T. W. Sutherland, Trans. Faraday Soc. 53, 1111 (1957).
  8. D. W. Breck, E. M. Flanigen, R. M. Milton and T. B. Reed, meeting of the American Chemical Society, September, 1958, Chicago, Illinois, abstract 134.
  9. R. M. Barrer, Proceedings of the 10th Symposium of the Colston Research Society, March 24โ€“27, 1958.
  10. D. W. Breck, W. G. Eversale, R. M. Milton, T. B. Reed, and T. L. Thomas, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 78, 5963 (1956).
  11. R. M. Barrer, Nature 164, 112 (1949).
  12. A. N. Terenin, Mikrochim. Acta 2, 467 (1955).
  13. H. A. Benesi and A. C. Jones, J. Phys. Chem. 63, 179 (1959).
  14. A. M. Buswell, K. Krebs and W. H. Rodebush, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 59, 2603 (1937).
  15. G. C. Pimental, C. W. Garland and G. Jura, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 75, 803 (1953).
  16. J. T. Brqumholtz, G. E. Hall, F. C. Mann and N. Sheppard, J. Chem. Soc. 1959, 868.
  17. A. N. Terenin, Gordon Research Conference on Infrared Spectroscopy, August, 1957.
  18. T. H. Milliken and G. A. Mills, Discussions Faraday Soc. No. 8, 279 (1950).
  19. M. Falk and P. A. Giguere, Can. J. Chem. 35, 1195 (1957).

Barrer, R. M.

R. M. Barrer, Proceedings of the 10th Symposium of the Colston Research Society, March 24โ€“27, 1958.

R. M. Barrer, F. W. Bultitude and T. W. Sutherland, Trans. Faraday Soc. 53, 1111 (1957).

R. M. Barrer, Nature 164, 112 (1949).

Benesi, H. A.

H. A. Benesi and A. C. Jones, J. Phys. Chem. 63, 179 (1959).

Breck, D. W.

D. W. Breck, W. G. Eversale, R. M. Milton, T. B. Reed, and T. L. Thomas, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 78, 5963 (1956).

D. W. Breck, E. M. Flanigen, R. M. Milton and T. B. Reed, meeting of the American Chemical Society, September, 1958, Chicago, Illinois, abstract 134.

Brqumholtz, J. T.

J. T. Brqumholtz, G. E. Hall, F. C. Mann and N. Sheppard, J. Chem. Soc. 1959, 868.

Bultitude, F. W.

R. M. Barrer, F. W. Bultitude and T. W. Sutherland, Trans. Faraday Soc. 53, 1111 (1957).

Buswell, A. M.

A. M. Buswell, K. Krebs and W. H. Rodebush, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 59, 2603 (1937).

Eischens, R. P.

J. E. Mapes and R. P. Eischens, J. Phys. Chem. 58, 1059 (1954).

R. P. Eischens, J. Chem. Educ. 35, 385 (1958).

Eversale, W. G.

D. W. Breck, W. G. Eversale, R. M. Milton, T. B. Reed, and T. L. Thomas, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 78, 5963 (1956).

Falk, M.

M. Falk and P. A. Giguere, Can. J. Chem. 35, 1195 (1957).

Flanigen, E. M.

D. W. Breck, E. M. Flanigen, R. M. Milton and T. B. Reed, meeting of the American Chemical Society, September, 1958, Chicago, Illinois, abstract 134.

Frohnsdorff, G. J. C.

G. J. C. Frohnsdorff and G. L. Kington, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) A247, 469 (1958).

Garland, C. W.

G. C. Pimental, C. W. Garland and G. Jura, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 75, 803 (1953).

Giguere, P. A.

M. Falk and P. A. Giguere, Can. J. Chem. 35, 1195 (1957).

Hall, G. E.

J. T. Brqumholtz, G. E. Hall, F. C. Mann and N. Sheppard, J. Chem. Soc. 1959, 868.

Jones, A. C.

H. A. Benesi and A. C. Jones, J. Phys. Chem. 63, 179 (1959).

Jura, G.

G. C. Pimental, C. W. Garland and G. Jura, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 75, 803 (1953).

Kington, G. L.

G. J. C. Frohnsdorff and G. L. Kington, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) A247, 469 (1958).

Krebs, K.

A. M. Buswell, K. Krebs and W. H. Rodebush, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 59, 2603 (1937).

Lynch, G.

H. A. Szymanski, R. Povinelli, D. Stamires, and G. Lynch, Anal. Chem. 31, 2110 (1959).

Mann, F. C.

J. T. Brqumholtz, G. E. Hall, F. C. Mann and N. Sheppard, J. Chem. Soc. 1959, 868.

Mapes, J. E.

J. E. Mapes and R. P. Eischens, J. Phys. Chem. 58, 1059 (1954).

McDonald, R. S.

R. S. McDonald, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 79, 850 (1957).

Milliken, T. H.

T. H. Milliken and G. A. Mills, Discussions Faraday Soc. No. 8, 279 (1950).

Mills, G. A.

T. H. Milliken and G. A. Mills, Discussions Faraday Soc. No. 8, 279 (1950).

Milton, R. M.

D. W. Breck, E. M. Flanigen, R. M. Milton and T. B. Reed, meeting of the American Chemical Society, September, 1958, Chicago, Illinois, abstract 134.

D. W. Breck, W. G. Eversale, R. M. Milton, T. B. Reed, and T. L. Thomas, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 78, 5963 (1956).

Pimental, G. C.

G. C. Pimental, C. W. Garland and G. Jura, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 75, 803 (1953).

Povinelli, R.

H. A. Szymanski, R. Povinelli, D. Stamires, and G. Lynch, Anal. Chem. 31, 2110 (1959).

Reed, T. B.

D. W. Breck, W. G. Eversale, R. M. Milton, T. B. Reed, and T. L. Thomas, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 78, 5963 (1956).

D. W. Breck, E. M. Flanigen, R. M. Milton and T. B. Reed, meeting of the American Chemical Society, September, 1958, Chicago, Illinois, abstract 134.

Rodebush, W. H.

A. M. Buswell, K. Krebs and W. H. Rodebush, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 59, 2603 (1937).

Sheppard, N.

J. T. Brqumholtz, G. E. Hall, F. C. Mann and N. Sheppard, J. Chem. Soc. 1959, 868.

Stamires, D.

H. A. Szymanski, R. Povinelli, D. Stamires, and G. Lynch, Anal. Chem. 31, 2110 (1959).

Sutherland, T. W.

R. M. Barrer, F. W. Bultitude and T. W. Sutherland, Trans. Faraday Soc. 53, 1111 (1957).

Szymanski, H. A.

H. A. Szymanski, R. Povinelli, D. Stamires, and G. Lynch, Anal. Chem. 31, 2110 (1959).

Terenin, A. N.

A. N. Terenin, Mikrochim. Acta 2, 467 (1955).

A. N. Terenin, Gordon Research Conference on Infrared Spectroscopy, August, 1957.

Thomas, T. L.

D. W. Breck, W. G. Eversale, R. M. Milton, T. B. Reed, and T. L. Thomas, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 78, 5963 (1956).

Other (19)

J. E. Mapes and R. P. Eischens, J. Phys. Chem. 58, 1059 (1954).

G. J. C. Frohnsdorff and G. L. Kington, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) A247, 469 (1958).

R. P. Eischens, J. Chem. Educ. 35, 385 (1958).

R. S. McDonald, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 79, 850 (1957).

Advances in Catalysis, 10, 41 (1958).

H. A. Szymanski, R. Povinelli, D. Stamires, and G. Lynch, Anal. Chem. 31, 2110 (1959).

R. M. Barrer, F. W. Bultitude and T. W. Sutherland, Trans. Faraday Soc. 53, 1111 (1957).

D. W. Breck, E. M. Flanigen, R. M. Milton and T. B. Reed, meeting of the American Chemical Society, September, 1958, Chicago, Illinois, abstract 134.

R. M. Barrer, Proceedings of the 10th Symposium of the Colston Research Society, March 24โ€“27, 1958.

D. W. Breck, W. G. Eversale, R. M. Milton, T. B. Reed, and T. L. Thomas, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 78, 5963 (1956).

R. M. Barrer, Nature 164, 112 (1949).

A. N. Terenin, Mikrochim. Acta 2, 467 (1955).

H. A. Benesi and A. C. Jones, J. Phys. Chem. 63, 179 (1959).

A. M. Buswell, K. Krebs and W. H. Rodebush, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 59, 2603 (1937).

G. C. Pimental, C. W. Garland and G. Jura, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 75, 803 (1953).

J. T. Brqumholtz, G. E. Hall, F. C. Mann and N. Sheppard, J. Chem. Soc. 1959, 868.

A. N. Terenin, Gordon Research Conference on Infrared Spectroscopy, August, 1957.

T. H. Milliken and G. A. Mills, Discussions Faraday Soc. No. 8, 279 (1950).

M. Falk and P. A. Giguere, Can. J. Chem. 35, 1195 (1957).

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