Abstract

The light output of the Huggins-Bol, type A, high-pressure mercury arc discharge was measured. It was correlated to Baum and Dunkelman’s earlier comparison of the xenon arc to other ultraviolet sources including the General Electric AH-6 mercury lamp. It was found that the Huggins lamp is, at full load, about 1.5–1.8 times brighter than the AH-6 depending on wavelength. Self-reversal of radiation in the vicinity of the mercury resonance line is markedly decreased as compared with the AH-6.

© 1959 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef]
  2. E. B. Noel, J. Appl. Phys. 11, 325 (1940).
    [CrossRef]
  3. E. B. Noel, Illum. Engr. 36, 243 (1941).
  4. General Electric Folder, GET—1248 A.
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  6. P. Schulz, Ann. Physik (6) 1, 95, 107 (1947).
    [CrossRef]
  7. W. T. Anderson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 41, 385 (1951).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. K. Larché, Z. Physik 132, 544 (1952).
    [CrossRef]
  9. K. Larché, Z. Ver. deut. Ing. 94, 3 (1952).
  10. K. Larché, Z. Physik 136, 74 (1953–54).
    [CrossRef]
  11. G. Ullrich, Z. angew. Phys. 5, 350 (1953).
  12. H. G. MacPherson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 30, 189 (1940).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. Euler, Z. angew. Phys. 5, 64 (1953); Ann. Physik (6) 11, 203 (1953).
  14. F. S. Johnson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 46, 101 (1956).
    [CrossRef]
  15. C. Bol, Ingenieu (Utrecht). 50, E91 (1935).
  16. E. Dorgelo, Philips Tech. Rev. 2, 165 (1937).
  17. P. J. Oranje, Grundlagen von Gasentladungslampen (N. V. Philips Gloilampenfabrieken, Eindhoven, 1943), p. 173.
  18. H. K. Bourne, Discharge Lamps for Photography and Projection (Chapman and Hall, Ltd., London, 1948), p. 161.
  19. G. G. Wiseman, thesis, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas.
  20. R. E. Stowell, Laboratory Invest. 1, 128 (1952).
  21. K. J. Habell and A. Cox, Engineering Optics (Pitman Publishing Corporation, London, 1948), first edition, p. 32.
  22. Farrand Optical Company, Inc., Operating Instructions for Monochromator, Ultraviolet and Visible Range.
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    [CrossRef]
  25. V. K. Zworykin and E. G. Ramberg, Photoelectricity (John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 1950), second printing, p. 152.
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  28. W. Elenbaas, The Pressure Mercury Vapour Discharge (North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam, Holland, 1951), first edition, p. 128.
  29. P. Schulz, Z. tech. Physik 19, 585 (1938).
  30. F. Rössler, Z. Physik 133, 80 (1952).
    [CrossRef]

1956 (1)

1953 (2)

G. Ullrich, Z. angew. Phys. 5, 350 (1953).

J. Euler, Z. angew. Phys. 5, 64 (1953); Ann. Physik (6) 11, 203 (1953).

1952 (4)

F. Rössler, Z. Physik 133, 80 (1952).
[CrossRef]

R. E. Stowell, Laboratory Invest. 1, 128 (1952).

K. Larché, Z. Physik 132, 544 (1952).
[CrossRef]

K. Larché, Z. Ver. deut. Ing. 94, 3 (1952).

1951 (1)

1950 (1)

1947 (3)

P. Schulz, Z. Naturforsch. 2a, 583 (1947).

P. Schulz, Ann. Physik (6) 1, 95, 107 (1947).
[CrossRef]

R. W. Engstrom, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 37, 420 (1947).
[CrossRef]

1942 (1)

Forsythe, Adams, and Barnes, J. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ. Bull. 37, 107 (1942).

1941 (1)

E. B. Noel, Illum. Engr. 36, 243 (1941).

1940 (2)

1938 (1)

P. Schulz, Z. tech. Physik 19, 585 (1938).

1937 (1)

E. Dorgelo, Philips Tech. Rev. 2, 165 (1937).

1935 (1)

C. Bol, Ingenieu (Utrecht). 50, E91 (1935).

Adams,

Forsythe, Adams, and Barnes, J. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ. Bull. 37, 107 (1942).

Anderson, W. T.

Barnes,

Forsythe, Adams, and Barnes, J. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ. Bull. 37, 107 (1942).

Baum, W. A.

Bol, C.

C. Bol, Ingenieu (Utrecht). 50, E91 (1935).

Bourne, H. K.

H. K. Bourne, Discharge Lamps for Photography and Projection (Chapman and Hall, Ltd., London, 1948), p. 161.

Cox, A.

K. J. Habell and A. Cox, Engineering Optics (Pitman Publishing Corporation, London, 1948), first edition, p. 32.

Dorgelo, E.

E. Dorgelo, Philips Tech. Rev. 2, 165 (1937).

Dunkelman, L.

Elenbaas, W.

W. Elenbaas, The Pressure Mercury Vapour Discharge (North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam, Holland, 1951), first edition, p. 128.

Engstrom, R. W.

Euler, J.

J. Euler, Z. angew. Phys. 5, 64 (1953); Ann. Physik (6) 11, 203 (1953).

Forsythe,

Forsythe, Adams, and Barnes, J. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ. Bull. 37, 107 (1942).

Habell, K. J.

K. J. Habell and A. Cox, Engineering Optics (Pitman Publishing Corporation, London, 1948), first edition, p. 32.

Johnson, F. S.

Larché, K.

K. Larché, Z. Physik 136, 74 (1953–54).
[CrossRef]

K. Larché, Z. Physik 132, 544 (1952).
[CrossRef]

K. Larché, Z. Ver. deut. Ing. 94, 3 (1952).

MacPherson, H. G.

Noel, E. B.

E. B. Noel, Illum. Engr. 36, 243 (1941).

E. B. Noel, J. Appl. Phys. 11, 325 (1940).
[CrossRef]

Oranje, P. J.

P. J. Oranje, Grundlagen von Gasentladungslampen (N. V. Philips Gloilampenfabrieken, Eindhoven, 1943), p. 173.

Ramberg, E. G.

V. K. Zworykin and E. G. Ramberg, Photoelectricity (John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 1950), second printing, p. 152.

Rodda, S.

S. Rodda, Photoelectric Multiplers (Macdonald and Company, Ltd., London, (1953), first edition, p. 76.

Rössler, F.

F. Rössler, Z. Physik 133, 80 (1952).
[CrossRef]

Schulz, P.

P. Schulz, Z. Naturforsch. 2a, 583 (1947).

P. Schulz, Ann. Physik (6) 1, 95, 107 (1947).
[CrossRef]

P. Schulz, Z. tech. Physik 19, 585 (1938).

Stowell, R. E.

R. E. Stowell, Laboratory Invest. 1, 128 (1952).

Ullrich, G.

G. Ullrich, Z. angew. Phys. 5, 350 (1953).

Wiseman, G. G.

G. G. Wiseman, thesis, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas.

Zworykin, V. K.

V. K. Zworykin and E. G. Ramberg, Photoelectricity (John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 1950), second printing, p. 152.

Ann. Physik (6) (1)

P. Schulz, Ann. Physik (6) 1, 95, 107 (1947).
[CrossRef]

Illum. Engr. (1)

E. B. Noel, Illum. Engr. 36, 243 (1941).

Ingenieu (Utrecht). (1)

C. Bol, Ingenieu (Utrecht). 50, E91 (1935).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

E. B. Noel, J. Appl. Phys. 11, 325 (1940).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (5)

J. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ. Bull. (1)

Forsythe, Adams, and Barnes, J. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ. Bull. 37, 107 (1942).

Laboratory Invest. (1)

R. E. Stowell, Laboratory Invest. 1, 128 (1952).

Philips Tech. Rev. (1)

E. Dorgelo, Philips Tech. Rev. 2, 165 (1937).

Z. angew. Phys. (2)

J. Euler, Z. angew. Phys. 5, 64 (1953); Ann. Physik (6) 11, 203 (1953).

G. Ullrich, Z. angew. Phys. 5, 350 (1953).

Z. Naturforsch. (1)

P. Schulz, Z. Naturforsch. 2a, 583 (1947).

Z. Physik (3)

K. Larché, Z. Physik 136, 74 (1953–54).
[CrossRef]

K. Larché, Z. Physik 132, 544 (1952).
[CrossRef]

F. Rössler, Z. Physik 133, 80 (1952).
[CrossRef]

Z. tech. Physik (1)

P. Schulz, Z. tech. Physik 19, 585 (1938).

Z. Ver. deut. Ing. (1)

K. Larché, Z. Ver. deut. Ing. 94, 3 (1952).

Other (10)

General Electric Folder, GET—1248 A.

P. J. Oranje, Grundlagen von Gasentladungslampen (N. V. Philips Gloilampenfabrieken, Eindhoven, 1943), p. 173.

H. K. Bourne, Discharge Lamps for Photography and Projection (Chapman and Hall, Ltd., London, 1948), p. 161.

G. G. Wiseman, thesis, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas.

W. Elenbaas, The Pressure Mercury Vapour Discharge (North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam, Holland, 1951), first edition, p. 128.

V. K. Zworykin and E. G. Ramberg, Photoelectricity (John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 1950), second printing, p. 152.

S. Rodda, Photoelectric Multiplers (Macdonald and Company, Ltd., London, (1953), first edition, p. 76.

K. J. Habell and A. Cox, Engineering Optics (Pitman Publishing Corporation, London, 1948), first edition, p. 32.

Farrand Optical Company, Inc., Operating Instructions for Monochromator, Ultraviolet and Visible Range.

RCA leaflet 1P28-6-50.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Reflectance of a plane-parallel glass plate inserted at an angle of 45° in a parallel beam.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Circuitry for operation of General Electric AH-6, or Huggins-Bol high-pressure mercury discharge lamps. S1 pump switch, R1 pump relay, P pump motor, P1 pressure control, T temperature control, P2 Pressuretrol, Pi pilot, S2 power switch, S3 double throw 3-pole switch, R2 to R4 power relay, D door switch, S synchronous clock, Va Variac, T1 ballast transformer, T2 neon transformer, R resistor (0.262 MΩ), A ammeter, V voltmeter.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Intensities of the Huggins-Bol, and other high-pressure mercury discharge lamps. The ordinates of all curves are comparable.